Hi Guys! Can you imagine a company without any leader? In this video we are going to learn about leadership based from the book of John W. Newstrom/Keith Davis entitled Organizational Behavior. We are going to explore how does behavior, role, and skills form the leadership styles of a person. This topic will be composed by episodes. For this first episode, we are going to talked about more on leadership first.
Hi. I just recently learned how to use a screen video recorder through Windows 10 and I am taking this opportunity to say “Hello and Thank you” to my co-bloggers:)
***The statement that is indicated in this documents was an activities during my college years. Much further research is needed for those learners who wanted to know much more about this topic. This is a mere fragments of its totality.****
The Philippines in the past few years has not yet reach its population as what we have today. The religion Islam was reduced in numbers when the Spaniards conquered the Philippines, and the Christianity increased. Many of the Muslim people in the Luzon and Visayas had entered the religion Christianity, while Mindanao still believed in the religion Islam
Over a hundreds of years from the hands of the Spaniards, Muslim people had fought for their own rights. For about three hundred thirty three years under the power of Spaniards, Muslim people and the religion Islam stands firm. Up until American people went to the Philippines for the reasons of educating the Filipino people, and this brought to what they called commonwealth. Since the year 1918, they’ve tried to gather some data about the Muslim people living in the Mindanao. Unfortunately, they somehow can’t get the accurate data. The decreasing of the population of Muslim was also being understood for the fact that they don’t have adequate supply causing them to look for an alternative solution to live.
This study will get you to understand the reason why Muslim people decrease their population in the year 1918 to 1939. This also include the reasons why the government can’t get the accurate data of the population in Mindanao and the year when the Christian people migrated in Mindanao.
“The Land of Promise”, this is the another term for Mindanao. But do we know its meaning and why it is called this way? Maybe, most of the readers know the reason. Nevertheless, we do know the idea that Muslim people fought for so many years and yet for some reason, the freedom that they want to attain was not achieved. Even though they struggled so much to put it in realization, still it is not attainable. Muslim people were looking for the freedom they want, fighting for the same reason and for the same cause.
American regime had caused the Philippines to know the term education, as a part of implementing rules for the governance of this country. This involves the birth of the commonwealth in the Philippines. In the year 1918, the Muslim people had to compete with Christian Filipinos who immigrated in large numbers into Mindanao during those times. This massive resettlement was continued in the post war years on a similar scale from 1946 to early sixties, and reduced proportion during last decade. For this reason, the high annual average growth of non-Muslim had increased especially in the seven provinces were Muslim settled Sulu, Lanao del Sur, Cotabato, Lanao del Norte, Zamboanga del Sur, Palawan., and Zamboanga del Norte. These seven southern provinces in Mindanao were being settled by the Non-Muslim people. One of the possible reason was due to extreme economic necessity that has forced many Maguindanao farmers to sell their lands to adventurous people from Christian communities encroachments. Some of them was forced to retreat to the interior or to migrate to a few towns that have managed to remain predominantly Muslim.
In getting the accurate data, the people who survey here in Mindanao had a tough work and they can’t get the accurate information of the population of Muslim people living in the Mindanao. There were those people who estimated the numbers of the Muslim people, and one of them was Hilario M. Gomez in 1972, who gave a figure between four and five million, or ten or twelve percent in the Manifesto of the Muslim Independence Movement of May 1, 1968. They are the same with the estimation of Alunan C. Glang. This week Sunday magazine said that two million Filipinos or eight percent of the population followed the creed of Islam out of twenty four million people living here in the Philippines. Another estimated reported in 1968 by Antonio Isidro placed the number at 2 million or 5.4 percent of the population. In other words, all the same number was just an estimation of the total number of the Muslim people settling here in Mindanao. That’s why the United Nation Hand Book of Population Census Methods did not recommend questions on religious affiliation because of inexact and incomplete replies usually obtained. This are the reason why they can’t get the accurate data:
- Intrinsic to the subject itself.
- Compounded in some Muslim areas of the Philippines because of the hostility of the inhabitants to government personnel.
- Disturbed conditions in many Muslim sectors in 1970, census takers apparently sometimes made extrapolations based on extremely limited survey.
- The mobility of the Philippines Muslim population makes it hard to determine trends of grown or decrease. This true among the one of the major groups. The Tausug, a sea-oriented people, many of whom constantly migrate from coastal settlements in Sulu and other in Borneo, Maguindanao and Palawan.
- Some muslim groups overstate their numbers.
Despite of these difficulties, the Bureau of the Census and Statistics will probably yield the best approximation to serve a starting point. There were six censuses have been taken in the Philippines since 1990. They found out that 96.7% of the Muslim population of the Philippines is to be found in seven of the southern provinces.
- Sulu –with 94% of its Muslim Population
- Lanao del Sur –with 91.3%
- Cotabato- with 37.3%
- Lanao del Norte- with 20.4%
- Zamboanga del Sur –with 16.5%
- Palawan- with 7.2%
- Zamboanga del Norte- 5.1%
According to the censuses , the percentage of Muslims in the total population decreased from 4.29% to 4.23% between 1918 and 1939 and to 4.11% by 1948.This decreasing trends becomes more understandable with these reasons that follows.
- Low of standards of public health and sanitation.
- Because of ignorance and malnutrition that they are susceptible to disease.
Major cause death among the young
- High percentage of mothers dies in child birth
- Less than half the children born reach adulthood, most dying in their first year of life.
- The young are permanently weakened by disease.
- Their resistance to the governmental policy in the early days of American Regime. This includes that over thousand died in the battle because of opposing the policy which is the ultimate integration of the Fil-Muslim into the body of an independent Philippines.
In short, most Muslim people were lack of knowledge in the medicine. There were no or small numbers of doctors or people who had knowledge on those acquired illnesses and the medication was out of it. In the American regime, Muslim people tried to fight them just like what they had done in the years of the Spaniards but they unfortunately being beaten that causes for a thousands of people to sacrifice their lives in the battle.
The Maguindanao were the largest Philippine Muslim group and they are to be found in Cotabato. The Census of 1970 gives a total of 424,577 Muslim for the province, but Dr. Robert B. Fox set the number for that year between 360,000 and 400,00. The censuses figure would require an average annual increase of 10.8% for each of the twelve years between 1948 and 1960. This would represent an annual increase more than three times as great as that of the annual increase of 3.4% for the whole Philippines during the same twelve-year. A 10.8% annual increase become less credible when it is noted that under wartime conditions between 1939 and 1948. The Maguindanao registered an average annual decrease of .53 of one percent. Doctor Isidro and Saber graphically portray the situation precisely for the period 1948-1960, when the Maguindanao were supposedly be growing more than three times as rapidly as the rest of the Philippines.
In addition with the census that have done by the Bureau of the Census and Statistics, a comparison of average annual rates of increase for Muslims and non-Muslims in these provinces. It may give some indication of the general trend of population and perhaps a better approximation of the real number of Muslim in the Philippines today. This comparison of trends is given in Table 1 and 2.
MUSLIM AND NON-MUSLIM POPULATION
PERCENT CHANGE IN MUSLIM AND NON-MUSLIM POPULATION
(Growth Unless Otherwise Indicated)
Therefore as a conclusion, we can say that American and commonwealth regime made the Non-Muslims settle to the Mindanao which was one of the reasons why Muslim people reduced their numbers from their homeland. Gathering the accurate data of the Muslim people was very hard to take it all because of some hitches. Medications and Medical facilities are very few to their places because of lack of knowledge and very few materials that made other Muslim perished due to an illness, especially the young children. If only Muslim people were well aware about the scenario and understand the entire situation they were in, the whole thing will change. Maybe those young children who have lived and suffered might have the chance to live the life of being a child on their own.
As a part of the Muslim people living here in Mindanao, I could say that I’m proud to my ancestors because of the courage, hope and bravery they had shown to attain the victory they wanted for themselves against the Spaniards. However, I could not blame them for selling their properties just to survive.
Even though Mindanao is called as “The Land of the Promise” I could say that someday, the Muslim people in the past decades and their descendants will have the freedom that they are aiming for. From so many years of fighting and sacrificing everything for the goal they want to achieve, in God’s time, it will happen.
As per experience, applying for japan visa needs an effort for a tourist. You can’t just go to the embassy and apply for it personally. You need to go through to accredited travel agencies that allowed by the Japanese Embassy to transact with them. You need to choose, and better to canvass on how much processing fee they need for you to pay. Last 2015, we let Pan Pacific do our transaction with processing fee worth 2,000. It’s quite a lot, however our determination didn’t stop from wanting to go to Japan.
The next time around, year 2017, we did canvas for other agencies who can possibly accommodate us with a lower processing fee. Pan pacific was still at 2,000, others were 1,200 and luckily, we did find Discovery Tour with 800 php as processing fee. Without any further ado, most of us decided to choose this agency.
To help those who are planning to go to the Land of the rising sun. Below are the list of documents needed by the agency.
- OLD and New Passport
2. VISA APPLICATION FORM japan visa application form
3. TWO COPIES OF PHOTO
4. NSO BIRTH CERTIFICATE
5. CERTIFICATE OF EMPLOYMENT
6. ORIGINAL BANK CERTIFICATION
7. INCOME TAX RETURN (FORM 2315)
8. EMPLOYER IDENTIFICATION CARD
9. DAILY TRAVEL ITINERARY FOR JAPAN
10. CEBU PACIFIC RECEIPT
11. AIRBNB/AGODA RESERVATION
- KINZA NAKAMEGURO
Address: 2-16-14 Kamimeguro Meguro-ku, Tokyo 153-0051
Tel: 03-5773-6166 Fax No.: 03-5773-6099
- ★New open Tatami room★
Address: 〒125-0052 3Chome-28-25 Shibamata Katsushika-ku, Tōkyō-to
12. For those married, they are requirement NSO/PSA Marriage Contract.
Ok guys! Let’s continue what we have just started. After going through with our enjoyable first day and second day, let’s move to the next day for a far more exciting moments.
Day 3. The Imperial Palace and Imperial East Garden Tour plus Asakusa Shrine
We did fail in going inside the Imperial Palace on my first visit, and only came to Imperial East Garden. This time, together with my friends, we did see and be with other tourist inside the palace.
You need to get your visit be scheduled before going to the palace. Thanks to a certain blog, we got this idea beforehand. Through visiting the website of the imperial household agency almost all dates were full, lucky for us, the date the we planned to visit the said place has more slot for the 5 of us. Below is the print out that was send by the agency to be presented in front of Kikyo-mon Gate:
NOTICE OF PERMIT FOR VISIT TO THE IMPERIAL PALACE IN TOKYO
Date of Application/2017-02-04
DATE/TIME 2017-02-16 10:00
PARTY NAME Mamis
NUMBER OF VISITORS Total 5
NAME OF REPRESENTATIVE: Jomairah Mulay AGE 29 GENDER Female
- Please be at the ” Kikyo-mon Gate” entrance 10 minutes before your tour start time.
- Please bring a printed copy of this Notice of Permit on the tour day.If you can not print the permit number, please let the receptionist know your permit number.
- Please follow the instructions of the staff.
- The tour is approximately 75 minutes long, covering a distance of 2.2 kilometers (approx. 1.3 miles), and covers a limited portion of the Palace Grounds.
- The interior of the Palace is not included in the tour. An English audio guide is available at the Visitor’s House, Please ask the staff for further details.
- This permit is valid only for the members listed on the application form. All group members should bring a passport or other legal identification. If a member is unable to attend, please inform the staff when you arrive.
- Photography is allowed, but large group portraits are not permitted.
- Large bags, such as luggage, are not permitted on the tour.
- Visitors are requested to refrain from smoking while in the Palace Ground.
- Tour is subject to cancellation without notice due to unforeseen circumstances and Palace obligations.
- If you want to cancell your tour, please contact the Imperial Household Agency.
- You are permitted to visit the East Gardens of the Imperial Palace while it is open.
JR ; 15minutes’ walk from Tokyo Station(Marunouchi Central Exit)
Subway; 10minutes’ walk from Nijubashi-mae Station(Chiyoda Line Exit 6)
10minutes’ walk from Otemachi Station(Mita Line Exit D2)
*Cars and bicycles are not allowed to park.
* Please let us know your opinions and comments.
Upon arriving at Kikyo-mon gate, you will be instructed to wait. After a while at exactly 10:00 AM we are now permitted to go inside and they let us gather to certain room.
They then gave us hand outs, audio, and did informed us to go to the comfort room since the tour will take an hour and a half. Some of the visitors did do so, and that also goes for us. After a while they instructed us to line up as to start the tour guide. So here’s some sneak peek.
They didn’t let us go inside the buildings that were seen here. However, the scene was really great. The only thing it concerns me about this tour guide is that the personnel who handle this and speaks about the palace speaks Niponggo. Most of us tourist couldn’t understand it, except those tourist handed with an audio and the Japanese people. How nice will it be if they would hire someone to speak English for us tourist to get even more understanding about the place.
Our next stop was the Imperial East Garden which is just near the palace. We did visit this place hoping for a cherry blossom, and when we came there it’s still a plum. Though it’s not yet the full bloom cherry blossom, my friends did loved it and I was astonished again for the second time around.
The next stop was the Asakusa Shrine. We didn’t get the opportunity to do a souvenir shopping for our friends and family from earlier trip. To our surprise, in this area there were so many store that sells different stuffs. Even hello kitty was there, which my friend keeps on talking about, wanted to buy for her co-officemates for a souvenir. From all those products, it’s hard to pick which one to buy. And the most surprising thing is that, I did get to experience eating a Fish Bread!
I couldn’t believe it but I just did. I’ve been looking for this from my first trip, and even when I was then at Osaka and Kyoto, I didn’t get the chance to find one. It did took me to go to Tokyo for the second time around to eat this kind of bread. I just love the one with chocolate, and cheese flavour. It’s Oishi! Red Bean is something didn’t pass to my taste buds. Sorry.
So going back, another store that we were curious about is the Halal Restaurant called, Naritaya Halal.
It cost us an hour to find this place. And it’s a popular resto for the Muslim tourist which cause us to wait up in line to be entertained. After waiting for a half a hour, I ordered a Ramen worth 1,200 yen.
In fairness, my tummy is really satisfied and full after eating this ramyunJ I would recommend for those Muslim people who would love to eat some ramen. And just to let you know guyz, according to a Japan citizen, Asakusa is an area where most of the restaurant are halal. You need to grab a copy of a brochure at a guided tourist office to see it, and choose.
After experiencing ramen, we did planned to find a for rent Kimono. But due to some unpredicted event, we did delayed this plan for about an hour. At around 5:15 pm, we hurried it up to find one, but most of the for rent Kimono House closed at 6:00 pm and didn’t cater us. Fortunately, one of the store recommend us to this certain shop, who provides a for rent Kimono until 7:00 PM. Without any further ado, we started to look for that store and ask some nearby citizen to help us out how to get there. It take us a minutes since what we’re looking for were just nearby and we didn’t notice it ahead. We directly went to the second floor of the building were ONE is located. As the elevator open its door, it took us by surprise by all the KIMONOS on standby waiting to be rented out. The female care taker told us, that it will take them 45 minutes to get us dressed, and cleared to us that it will be less hour to use the kimonos. After explaining those, we did told them that even for a less hour, we wanted to experience wearing the outfit. Instead of doing it for 45 minutes, they did it less than that. As per observation, dressing a Kimono really take things complicated since it takes you to be dressed up layer by layer. This how it goes for us.
Thanks for the ONE SHOP for letting us wear this beautiful Kimono even just for an hour. Dreams do come true.
Let’s continue our adventure from here on. I will then enumerate the things we did experienced from that trip as to shorten the long travel home.
DAY 1: I did go back to Shibuya Crossing Line. As always, shibuya is the utmost busiest crossing line in the whole world, and Hachiko stands near it as always as he does
Me and my co-officemates did went here the previous, but the difference is that this time, together with my friends, did a little bit of sightseeing around shibuya. It’s a bit confusing at first, but the whole place is a totally awesome. I bit it would be much better if you go around the place in a daylight.
While walking down the street, I was so surprised to see this store nearby.
It’s a Disney store. I was looking for it through websites and did even search for the possible location of the store, but never thought that it would be in front of us that moment. Location is Zip code 150-0042, Humax Pavilion Shibuya Koen Dori, 20-15 Udagawa-cho, Shibuya-ku, Tokyo. We did buy our tickets in advance for our trip ticket at Disney Land
DAY 2: It’s a Mt Fuji day. The last time I went here at Mt. Fuji was kind of cold and didn’t show up until the end. We did go here through Hakone Line. However this time around, we choose to go through Kawaguchi Line.
Thanks to Google Map we did find our way going to the rendezvous point. After arriving there, I was then so excited to go to Kachi Kachi Ropeway. According to some reviews, this place is a nice place to watch the mount fuji, and it has a story to tell but to our dismay the place was closed then. I was so sad about this, but what can I do about this? So, we then headed to our next trip, ride a boat around Kawaguchi river.
To my surprise, Mt Fuji was absolutely astonishing, marvellous and so beautiful that day. I could not describe it any better than those adjective I did mentioned. To give you a glimpse, here it is
Isn’t it so beautiful? How thankful I am to be there at a very picture-perfect moment. Now, here I am. I don’t blame Japanese people to be mesmerized with this delightful view. It gives a special feeling, a day to remember. We took our chance to grasp the view inside our memory from a 30 minutes boat sailing experience, and we always find ourselves in awe.
After the boat sailing, we thought of experiencing snow in this time of the year. Philippines is a tropical country, and snow is a big no no in our place, and we highly anticipated to experience this. However, it didn’t go as planned, yet snow was all over Kawaguchi side of the road. Happiness isn’t all about meeting our expectation, but finding it even in a smallest aspect of it. Most of us really enjoyed it, especially those three.
An hour of playing snow outside, we did drop some of our energy, ended up looking for a resto. From this quiet neighbourhood of Kawaguchiko, “Sun Poppo Coffee and Restaurant” was the place where we could find answering our hungry tummy.
We amazingly enjoyed staying near Mt Fuji thru Kawaguchiko. Before ending this Day 2, I would really love to share this figures we did find along the way.
I find this very artistic, but I could not find the meaning out of this figures. While looking around, I did came across a tablet with a writings that is plastered in a stone wall about the whole meaning of this, and it states:
THE SYMBOL STATUE OF KAWAGUCHIKO
This bronze statue is one of the last and finest masterpieces of Japan’s greatest sculptor, the late Saibo Kitamura. Kitamura visited Kawaguchiko at the age of 101 and was deeply moved by the magnificence of our surrounding mountain scenery as well as the mysterious quality of the lake itself. This statue is the product of the two long and laborious years he then spent in an effort to give this feeling of wonder form.
The vase portion of the statue represents Lake Kawaguchiko, fountain of wisdom, hope, life and plenty, in other words the source of life in all things. As for the two female figures dancing around the vase, the woman on the left represents “positive” and the woman on the right represents “negative”. The eternally varying dreams of these two opposites come together to become one in the “source” flowing on to symbolize the never-ending occurrence and renewal of life. The work is a truly powerful expression of man’s eternal search for the essence of the universe to which he aspires, given life and form through the genius and skill of this great master.
3/10/1987 The Town of Kawaguchiko.
Day 3 and 4 will be posted on the next blog
I cant help my feelings to wander whenever I think about that place. Its been a huge impact for me. I can still feel the coldness of the wind that touches my skin. The spring that brings happiness inside one’s heart. The cherry blossoms that was in full bloom, that I could never imagine to see it in person for real. The last but not the least, the people who were generous enough to show us kindness while on travel. I feel so wonderful and grateful. These were the things that I did experience:
- Visit places such as Imperial East Garden in Tokyo, Osaka Castle, Fushimi Inari in Kyoto and many others.
2. First time to see so many people in one place, such as Ueno Park, enjoying their activities with their friends, family, or special someone.
3. Tried a vending machine
4. Wear a long skirt for the first time in my adulthood during my visit at Harajuku.
5. See and taste amazing sweet cakes.
6. Eat my first ever cold ramen.
7. Visit a Mosque in Japan, such Camii Mosque in Tokyo
8. Frequent ride in a train and running along fast to hop in.
9. Get lost and wander the place.
10. First Japanese guy to offer his sit while we’re on a crowded train. sweet 🙂 (So bad, I didn’t had a picture with him)
11. Feel coldness in my hand that seems to numb.
13. Eat my first onigiri at nearby 7/11 located somewhere in Nishi Nippori.
14. First time to feel my heart pounding over excitement seeing the famous crossing in Shibuya Station.
15. Meet Hachiko
16. Stay at train station over one hour, and happy to observe Japanese people
17. First night bus travel from Tokyo to Osaka (vice versa) for almost 7-8 hours
18. Roaming around Akihabara alone in more or less 30 minutes, and see the wander of this place.
19. Fulfill my dream of taking a bath in bath tub. (The most relaxing ever, especially when you dream about it long before.)
20. First to eat the so called “Takoyaki”.
21. Be at Osaka Castle with so much history inside it.
22. Be at the tallest building called floating Garden observatory, and try walking at the Lumi Sky walk
23. First time to see a street performing monkey
24. One with nature through visiting the bamboo path in Kyoto.
25. First time to be at the Top of the Mountain at Fushimi Inari
26. Touched a Chubby Japanese Cat in Kyoto :p
27. Had a memorable photos with Japan citizens.
So, here you go guys!I will never stop longing to go back there at Japan. I’m hoping I’ll be back soon, and the next time, I will include Hokkaido in my Itinerary:)
P.S: Its been so long that I haven’t post in here, but hopefully it will be full articles before the end year.