Deviance Behavior: On being a Gay

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This guy in the picture is not my cousin, that’s for sure. It is just an image representing this article:)

Homosexuality has been well-thought-out as deviant behavior throughout human history. People cannot remove this kind of behavior towards one person who is involved into this kind of act. Christian, Muslim and other religion condemn this homosexuality, but then again we cannot judge one person just for having this kind of behavior.

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I did interviewed a close relative of being a gay and he told me everything I want to know. First of all, his alias name is “Gorgeous” (won’t like to state his name for privacy purposes) a first cousin of mine. I asked him if this deviancy was innate, and he told me that, it’s true. When he a was a child, most of his companions were all girls. In his growing up years he looks up to them. He observed the entire action the way girls do at a tender age, and later on he was influenced. During those time, he assumed that being with them, and acting like them is a norm. He ended up  desiring to be like them.

Secondly, I asked him if ever he run into a problem of being a gay. He answered, “ My parents doesn’t want me to be like this, but what can I do? This is me. Hence, I feel that my kinsfolks hated me since I am a gay. Someday I’ll be someone that they’re going to be proud of and prove them that I am capable of doing things.” In Muslim communities, homosexuality is not accepted for they see this act as an immoral. Nevertheless, for the people who are engaged to this kind of doing  feels that they are just being real to themselves.

 Thirdly, I asked him if being a gay has given him anything or any benefits. He then replied, “It gives me the chance to be known in campus. I gained a lot of friends and made many memories to keep. Self-confidence is the key factor from all of this. I gained this for being myself, causing everything to fall to its rightful place.” I envy my cousin on this part. He has this guts and attitude that lures people toward his unique characteristic.

The Interviewer and the interviewee, which is me, is related by blood. Him, being a gay, as I see it doesn’t cause any problem. If he wants to be a gay then that’s his choice. We cannot force something to a person, he/she doesn’t want to. The only thing I can possibly do for him is to support and understand every endeavor his trying to accomplish.

This article was created a years ago. Gorgeous is not your typically gay who will wear a lot of makeup, have a thick red lips, and act excessively. Yet, he does wear in a very fashionable manner. Comparing from then to now, Gorgeous change 180 degrees. What do I mean? He ended up choosing being a man. He does once told us that “Let me do things, as what I am doing now. Time will come I’ll get bored acting this way” and he did. Though he did changed, yet his gesture still exist, act softly or” mahinhin” in tagalog.

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How many Muslim has the Philippines?

***The statement that is indicated in this documents was an activities during my college years. Much further research is needed for those learners who wanted to know much more about this topic. This is a mere fragments of its totality.****

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Introduction:

The Philippines in the past few years has not yet reach its population as what we have today. The religion Islam was reduced in  numbers when the Spaniards conquered the Philippines, and the Christianity increased. Many of the Muslim people in the Luzon and Visayas had entered the religion Christianity, while Mindanao still believed in the religion Islam

Over a hundreds of years from the hands of the Spaniards, Muslim people had fought for their own rights. For about three hundred thirty three years under the power of Spaniards, Muslim people and the religion Islam stands firm. Up until American people went to the Philippines for the reasons of educating the  Filipino people, and this brought to what they called commonwealth. Since the year 1918, they’ve tried to gather some data about the Muslim people living in the Mindanao. Unfortunately, they somehow can’t get the accurate data. The decreasing of the population of Muslim was also being understood for the fact that they don’t have adequate supply causing them to look for an alternative solution to live.

This study will get you to understand the reason why Muslim people decrease their population in the year 1918 to 1939. This also include the reasons why the government can’t get the accurate data of the population in Mindanao and the year when the Christian people migrated in Mindanao.

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“The Land of Promise”, this is the another term for Mindanao. But do we know its meaning and why it is called this way? Maybe, most of the readers know the reason. Nevertheless, we do know the idea that Muslim people fought for so many years and yet for some reason, the freedom that they want to attain was not achieved. Even though they struggled so much to put it in realization, still it is not attainable. Muslim people were looking for the freedom they want, fighting for the same reason and for the same cause.

American regime had caused the Philippines to know the term education, as a part of implementing rules for the governance of this country. This involves the birth of the commonwealth in the Philippines. In the year 1918, the Muslim people had to compete with Christian Filipinos who immigrated in large numbers into Mindanao during those times. This massive resettlement was continued in the post war years on a similar scale from 1946 to early sixties, and reduced proportion during last decade. For this reason, the high annual average growth of non-Muslim had increased especially in the seven provinces were Muslim settled Sulu, Lanao del Sur, Cotabato, Lanao del Norte, Zamboanga del Sur, Palawan., and Zamboanga del Norte. These seven southern provinces in Mindanao were being settled by the Non-Muslim people. One of the possible reason was due to extreme economic necessity that has forced many Maguindanao farmers to sell their lands to adventurous people from Christian communities encroachments. Some of them was forced to retreat to the interior or to migrate to a few towns that have managed to remain predominantly Muslim.

In getting the accurate data, the people who survey here in Mindanao had a tough work and they can’t get the accurate information of the population of Muslim people living in the Mindanao. There were those people who estimated the numbers of the Muslim people, and one of them was Hilario M. Gomez in 1972, who gave a figure between four and five million, or ten or twelve percent in the Manifesto of the Muslim Independence Movement of May 1, 1968. They are the same with the estimation of Alunan C. Glang. This week Sunday magazine said that two million Filipinos or eight percent of the population followed the creed of Islam out of twenty four million people living here in the Philippines. Another estimated reported in 1968 by Antonio Isidro placed the number at 2 million or 5.4 percent of the population. In other words, all the same number was just an estimation of the total number of the Muslim people settling here in Mindanao. That’s why the United Nation Hand Book of Population Census Methods did not recommend questions on religious affiliation because of inexact and incomplete replies usually obtained. This are the reason why they can’t get the accurate data:

  1. Intrinsic to the subject itself.
  2. Compounded in some Muslim areas of the Philippines because of the hostility of the inhabitants to government personnel.
  3. Disturbed conditions in many Muslim sectors in 1970, census takers apparently sometimes made extrapolations based on extremely limited survey.
  4. The mobility of the Philippines Muslim population makes it hard to determine trends of grown or decrease. This true among the one of the major groups. The Tausug, a sea-oriented people, many of whom constantly migrate from coastal settlements in Sulu and other in Borneo, Maguindanao and Palawan.
  5. Some muslim groups overstate their numbers.

Despite of these difficulties, the Bureau of the Census and Statistics will probably yield the best approximation to serve a starting  point. There were six censuses have been taken in the Philippines since 1990. They found out that 96.7% of the Muslim population of the Philippines is to be found in seven of the southern provinces.

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  1. Sulu –with 94% of its Muslim Population
  2. Lanao del Sur –with 91.3%
  3. Cotabato- with 37.3%
  4. Lanao del Norte- with 20.4%
  5. Zamboanga del Sur –with 16.5%
  6. Palawan- with 7.2%
  7. Zamboanga del Norte- 5.1%

According to the censuses , the percentage of Muslims in the total population decreased from 4.29% to 4.23% between 1918 and 1939 and to 4.11% by 1948.This decreasing trends becomes more understandable with these reasons that follows.

  1. Low of standards of public health and sanitation.
  2. Because of ignorance and malnutrition that they are susceptible to disease.

Major cause death among the young

  1. Tuberculosis
  2. Malaria
  3. High percentage of mothers dies in child birth
  4. Less than half the children born reach adulthood, most dying in their first year of life.
  5. The young are permanently weakened by disease.
  6. Their resistance to the governmental policy in the early days of American Regime. This includes that over thousand died in the battle because of opposing the policy which is the ultimate integration of the Fil-Muslim into the body of an independent Philippines.

In short, most Muslim people were lack of knowledge in the medicine. There were no or small numbers of doctors or people who had knowledge on those acquired illnesses and the medication was out of it. In the American regime, Muslim people tried to fight them just like what they had done in the years of the Spaniards but they unfortunately being beaten that causes for a thousands of people to sacrifice their lives in the battle.

The Maguindanao were the largest Philippine Muslim group and they are to be found in Cotabato. The Census of 1970 gives a total of 424,577 Muslim for the province, but Dr. Robert B. Fox set the number for that year between 360,000 and 400,00. The censuses figure would require an average annual increase of 10.8% for each of the twelve years between 1948 and 1960. This would represent an annual increase more than three times as great as that of the annual increase of 3.4% for the whole Philippines during the same twelve-year. A 10.8% annual increase become less credible when it is noted that under wartime conditions between 1939 and 1948. The Maguindanao registered an average annual decrease of  .53 of one percent. Doctor Isidro and Saber graphically portray the situation precisely for the period 1948-1960, when the Maguindanao were supposedly be growing more than three times as rapidly as the rest of the Philippines.

In addition with the census that have done by the Bureau of the Census and Statistics, a comparison of average annual rates of increase for Muslims and non-Muslims in these provinces. It may give some indication of the general trend of population and perhaps a better approximation of the real number of Muslim in the Philippines today. This comparison of trends is given in Table 1 and 2.

TABLE 1

MUSLIM AND NON-MUSLIM POPULATION

TABLE 1

TABLE 2

PERCENT CHANGE IN MUSLIM AND NON-MUSLIM POPULATION

(Growth Unless Otherwise Indicated)TABLE 2

Summary

Therefore as a conclusion, we can say that American and commonwealth regime made the Non-Muslims settle to the Mindanao which was one of the reasons why Muslim people reduced their numbers from their homeland. Gathering the accurate data of the Muslim people was very hard to take it all because of some hitches. Medications and Medical facilities are very few to their places because of lack of knowledge and very few materials that made other Muslim perished due to an illness, especially the young children. If only Muslim people were well aware about the scenario and understand the entire situation they were in, the whole thing will change. Maybe those young children who have lived and suffered might have the chance to live the life of being a child on their own.

As a part of the Muslim people living here in Mindanao, I could say that I’m proud to my ancestors because of the courage, hope and bravery they had shown to attain the victory they wanted for themselves against the Spaniards. However, I could not blame them for selling their properties just to survive.

Even though Mindanao is called as “The Land of the Promise” I could say that someday, the Muslim people in the past decades and their descendants will have the freedom that they are aiming for. From so many years of fighting and sacrificing everything for the goal they want to achieve, in God’s time, it will happen.

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The Taste of Life

“This story is something I created when I was a first  year college, year 2005. My teacher from English 3 instructed us to make a story based from the picture he revealed to us. At that moment,  the picture he did revealed was a photo of a cave and war like scenario, then this is how I created the story.”

It was May 14, 2014 when my friend Joan invited us to be reunited again after a long time, her friend since high school, to go in Palawan. It was her treat for us to relax from a heavy office duty, to have a sightseeing not to mentioned, vacation with the gang! It was the right time then since it was summer. All of us were free from work. The sea was a crystal clear as well as the sky that was very much bluer than blue when we arrived, and Joan was standing near the shore waiting for us.

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After a few days of appreciating the beauty of the said place, we have decided to go to the cave. The last spot that we haven’t gone to.  There were three boats that were going inside and one of that boats were us. Before entering the cave, Aliyah was quite afraid going inside because it was dark. I, myself was also afraid from the kept hidden mystery from the cave. Still, the man said that there’s nothing to be afraid of since the cave is not perilous. As we go in, we’ve seen lot of things inside and one of this was a limestone which was created by a slight acidic substance that slowly dissolves the rock along cracks and it looks like a crystal as the light of our flashlight hits the wall of the cave and we are amazed how wonderful it was. As we row the boat, many bats were flying towards us, until we arrived at the zone of the cave which is called the twilight zone. Joan explained to us what twilight zone is. She said that this zone is sheltered from direct sunlight and normally has a moderate environment than above ground and host to a diverse population of animals. After an hour, we succeed coming out from the cave with a feeling of contentment and memories of our experiences inside the cave.

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After enjoying the trip, we finally decided to go back to the resort hotel. It was getting dark when my friend wawa was reading a newspaper when suddenly she started to uproar. As I look at the newspaper, it was a picture of three cars that were burning into flame beside a building and it came from the country of Iraq. Bainarie told us that they were at the chaos that is happening in Iraq at this very moment, and it was true as seen on CNN News today. I’ve seen many people, military unit and other events that are involve in that pandemonium. From that moment, I feel bad and pity to those people who are involved in that turmoil. As I look up the sky, the stars are shining so brightly and the sea was calm. I suddenly think that, while we were having fun on this island, other people were suffering from commotion that caused by misunderstanding. Now, I realize that sometimes, life is becoming unfair.

“It was a story I created 11 years ago, and to tell you, this didn’t happen since our friend Joan died from an incurable illness last 2013. It was an unexpected sickness that caused her body to grow frailer each day. The treatment from her illness haven’t been resolved by science, only to reduce the pain. Due to her stress caused by her environment, her sickness grow quicker than expected. Not later than a year, I guess, after knowing her illness, she died. The sickness that caused her life to demise is called LUPUS.”

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APPLYING JAPAN VISA

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As per experience,  applying for japan visa needs an effort for a tourist. You can’t just go to the embassy and apply for it personally. You need to go through to accredited travel agencies that allowed by the Japanese Embassy to transact with them. You need to choose, and better to canvass on how much processing fee they need for you to pay.  Last 2015, we let Pan Pacific do our transaction with processing fee worth 2,000. It’s quite a lot, however our determination didn’t stop from wanting to go to Japan.

The next time around, year 2017, we did canvas for other agencies who can possibly accommodate us with a lower processing fee. Pan pacific was still at 2,000, others were 1,200 and luckily, we did find Discovery Tour with 800 php as processing fee. Without any further ado, most of us decided to choose this agency.

To help those who are planning to go to the Land of the rising sun. Below are the list of documents needed by the agency.

  1. OLD and New Passport

2. VISA APPLICATION FORM japan visa application form

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3. TWO COPIES OF PHOTO

4. NSO BIRTH CERTIFICATE

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5. CERTIFICATE OF EMPLOYMENT

IMAGE 56. ORIGINAL BANK CERTIFICATION

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7. INCOME TAX RETURN (FORM 2315)

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8. EMPLOYER IDENTIFICATION CARD

9. DAILY TRAVEL ITINERARY FOR JAPAN

IMAGE 1110. CEBU PACIFIC RECEIPT

IMAGE 1211. AIRBNB/AGODA RESERVATION

AGODA RESERVATION

  • KINZA NAKAMEGURO

Address: 2-16-14 Kamimeguro Meguro-ku, Tokyo 153-0051

Tel: 03-5773-6166  Fax No.: 03-5773-6099

AIRBNB

  • ★New open Tatami room★

Address: 〒125-0052  3Chome-28-25 Shibamata Katsushika-ku, Tōkyō-to

12. For those married, they are requirement NSO/PSA Marriage Contract.

TOKYO TRAVEL EXPENDITURE

The first thing that comes out in our mind when we think about travelling is how much will it cost us? How much do we need to save for the trip that we dreamt of? Do I have enough cash for this travel? Travelling should not be an encumbrance, but a commitment to yourself to take a break and have fun once in a while. This will take more patients when it comes to preparation.

Japan 2017

From my 2015 Japan Travel, I didn’t got too much of a problem since I already have a fund to use. At first, I questioned if this will be in acted. I do believe in the words “expect the unexpected”, until my co-officemate booked a ticket 45 days before our trip. When she did that, I said to myself “This is it.” For this time around, 2017 Japan Travel, I really need to break a leg to save up. The remaining deposit on my bank account was at its lowest, and need to start from a scratch. Nevertheless, our willingness to take this trip with my college friends was then stronger and finally set our mind to do it. We made a planning then booked a promo flight from Cebu Pacific 7 months before its departure. We then waited for another local promo air fare and we just did.
In order to give you a further insight about my expenses, you can base from the information below.
INTERNATIONAL FLIGHT (VICE VERSA).                                       7,350
LOCAL AIR FARE (VICE VERSA)                                                         1,500
LOCAL TERMINAL FEE (LAGUINDINGAN AIRPORT)                     200
INTERNATIONAL FEE (MACTAN AIRPORT)                                      750
TRAVEL TAX INTERNATIONAL FEE                                                 1,620
HOTEL NAKA-MEGURO                                                                      2,500
SHIBAMATA HOTEL.                                                                            1,658
CEBU HOTEL FOR 1 NIGHT                                                                  700
TRANSPORTATION FARE FROM NARITA TO NAKAMEGURO  1,200                                              KESEI SKY LINER (SHIBAMATA TO NARITA)                                 926.50
VISA PROCESSING THROUGH DISCOVERY TOUR                         800
TOTAL                                                                                                   19,204.5

Based from the above computation, it did cost me 19,204.50. In addition to this, I did bring 30,000 with me for my expenses for food, transportation and other unexpected expenses. However, I didn’t used all those amount, and bring some of it when I came back from Japan.
How much you’re going to spend depends on the person who is travelling. When you plan, be sure to consider all the expenses needed, and the places.


TOKYO TRAVEL EXPENDITURE

MAMIS NO BOUKEN: DAY 4 (TOKYO DISNEY LAND)

Day 4: Tokyo Disney Land

Surely days fly so fast and its already at our 4th day. We were planning to be entertained at the said amusement park, and see how majestically it was. I am not an amusement type of a person, but as to fun related aspect, I am really into it.  I like going on a fast ride like roller coaster, bump car, and whatever that  takes my adrenaline keep on moving fast.

Then before going there, we did woke up at around 8 am. We got tired last night transferring our luggage from one train to another. We did got lost, and realize that Shibamata was too far from the city centre of Tokyo. Upon arriving there, we mistakenly pin point someone else’s home. This freaked us out and called for some help from the citizen, and called a police. The ending was that the house that should accommodate us that night was just the adjacent house we wrongly thought it was. We were very sorry for the trouble we did cause that day. Nevertheless,  this kind of situation is indeed part of the journey.

In the next morning,

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We already up to our next destination. The weather was a little bit okay, not so cold unlike the previews days. I almost didn’t use my scarf to protect myself from coldness.

It was a long way route going from Shibamata to Tokyo Disney Land. We almost spend our time like three hours. We even got the wrong ride. To tell you the truth, the amazing train ride was like a maze to us. Those who are interested in making a trip to this wonderful country, you need to take heed all the advices by the people who already have been there. One thing I could contribute is for you to do an extensive RESEARCH! If you won’t do so, your time staying there will be consumed in finding your next destination, and do a little bit of sight-seeing later. Nonetheless, this isn’t should be the pattern. It should BE less travel, more sightseeing.

We did arrived at Tokyo Disney Land at around 1:00 pm. To give you a glimpse, here are some photos we did captured.


Being with your friends on travel and experiencing such as shown in the picture is really overwhelming. You know what I mean on this part. That feeling of being you, and showing the fondness that is part of you without even caring about what other people says. As long as your with them, and sharing this moment is all that matter.

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Yet, there is really a disadvantage in waking up late. (v.v) We didn’t got the chance to ride most all the amenities inside Tokyo Disney Land. We only did experience two out of many. We did noticed about a fast pass. This fast pass is an opportunity given to any Tokyo Disney Land visitors to schedule their time, and be prioritized when your schedule is up without queuing in a lengthy and time consuming line.  At first I indeed noticed this from a blog, but didn’t give too much attention due to excitement. It was a regret, in fact if only  I did took an importance to that blog we would be riding more rides, and make more memories out of our trip there. Nevertheless, we did made a good lasting memory that day.

Did I mentioned earlier about an “extensive research”? Be reminded even though your with your friends, relatives, co-office mates, etc during your trip; don’t give too much confident to relay on them! I don’t mean this on a negative aspect, but on the lighter side. You still needed to do the researching part. Why? Experience is really the best mentor. It happened to me. I got separated from my friends. While we were searching for our next ride, it was coincidentally that it was also a pick hour. Every worker were leaving from their offices at that time of the day. We were then also busy looking at our cell phones for a route. However, I was then not minding too much about it, and just do the observing thing. My friend mentioned about going to Higashi-Matsudo twice as our next stop, and I did took that in mind. A minute later, the train arrived and everyone was in waiting line for the door to open.  Second later, everyone is going inside. I was confident that my friends was also taking their steps toward the train door. I felt that the train was starting to move. I did look at my right side if my friends where there, but they were not.  My mind got rattled at that moment seeing them outside the window of the train. The feeling was like a slow motion scene in a movie upon seeing them. They were saying something, giving me signal that I couldn’t understand. My mind suddenly blank out at that instant, and the only thing that came out from my lips was the word “Higashi-Matsudo”. My mind was confused, distressed, feels like I wanted to cry however I need to shake things off, and decide! I took the courage to ask the people around, luckily, the guy in front of me told me that the train I was riding was a wrong train going to Higashi Matsudo. Like OMG! What do I do! What do I do! These words keeps on popping inside my mind. The guy instructed me to wait for a train on our next stop for Higashi-Matsudo. I was like a lone wolf separated from the pack at that moment. I was then waiting to the said place, but after 30 minutes of waiting, I didn’t see them. So I had to decide to go to the next station at Takasago Station. I thought at that moment, if there was a place where we could highly meet up, it will be at that station. There were no other stations beside that station where we could ride a train going to Shibamata station. Thankfully, 15 minutes after I arrived, I saw them and  feel relaxed. I was thankful to Japanese citizen, who helped me to find my way back to Takasago Station. Arigato Gozaimasu!