Tag Archives: Classroom


This post is based on my field study that I did conduct last three months for the year 2014. You may seem not to approve some of this idea, but please correct me if I am wrong. Most of the things contain here were based on my own opinion. I am very welcome to some ideas that you may share on this subject matter. Thank you and hope it will be a help for those people in search for the same studies.

My Map

For this concept, go through the following steps.

  1. Interview a school administrator / faculty about how they concertize their school’s vision and goals into the curriculum.
  2. Visit a school and find out how they attain the aims of elementary, secondary and tertiary education.
  3. Interview one or two students and ask them their school’s vision / mission.
  4. Record the different methods. Strategies that they employed to attain their school’s objectives

My Tools

                For this Episode, visit a school / university or get a copy of the school brochure. Copy the school / university’s vision, mission and goals on this page.


A Globally Competitive Institution of Higher Learning. Distinguished by its commitment to the total development of man through quality education. Islamic values and Advance learning concepts, methods and systems.


 The RC-AL Khwarizmi International College shall provide high quality of advance, professional and technical education to Muslims and other youths in the Philippines thereby serving as a catalyst of Development of the Muslim Communities especially in the ARMM through instruction research and extension services.

My Analysis

  1. How important is the school’s vision, mission, and goals in designing the curriculum?
  • In human life, a goal/plan should be created in order to have his/her guide on how her/his life supposed to be or how s/he wants it to be. A curriculum should be in the same status. An objective is needed in order to direct the change in behaviour of the students which is the aim of learning, to change a person to a better citizen. A curriculum should entail this, and in order to create a path for a certain objective, they need to create a vision that redirects the institutions would be like to be in the future. A mission that aims the student on what they will become after being educated, and a goal that tends to set the intents of those things to be accomplished.
  1. What methods and strategies were employed by the school community to realize these goals?
  • As per observed at their institution, they are providing all the necessities that the students needs, for them to learn in an ease environment. Other than this, they mostly employed teachers who are highly qualified and well motivated to teach the learner what they supposed to know. The administrators were also doing as much as they could to communicate some educators outside the Philippine in order to send the highly qualified students to the United States of America to learn more. In terms of their students, they seem to be vibrant kids, full of enthusiast. Confidence can be sense from them and inside the class; they wear a brimming energy of interest in learning.
  1. How did the students manifest that they have internalized their vision, mission and goals?
  • As seen in the third year pearl, students were giving out a well mannered attitude as model students. You can sense how well they put/pose their self in a more professional way even they were just a third year student. The principal, Ms. Imelda Mamangconi was always praise this set of group for being doing well in their academic status, and it can also be seen in the observation we did see on that day. Due to excellence that they are projecting, some of them were given the opportunity to be sent in the USA to learn further.

My Reflections/My Insights

                 Curriculum is a life blood of education as I perceive as I’ve learned gradually in Educ 15s. The important aspect in learning. Upon creating this so called curriculum. Administrator of a certain school should implement their mission, vision and objective as bases in making/creating good curriculum. The administrators have this responsibility in developing such matter because they are dealing with the interest of their learner, which could affect their whole future.

                The school that we did observe were very accommodating, and even gave us permission to roam around their premises. In AKIC-SLS, we roam around in order to observe how they put this VISION, MISSION and GOALS inside the campus, however it was kind of frustrating since it wasn’t displayed anywhere the outskirt of the school except inside the learners’ classroom. So far we indeed observe three sections from elementary and secondary level. Two of the room namely Grade VI and 3rd year level display’s the VISION and MISSION inside the room as a part of their decoration inside the room. However, the display of VISION and MISSION are highly advice to place these aspects about the school inside the premises of the campus in order to be transparent to its reader especially for those parents. Furthermore, the school should as well put the GOAL/OBJECTIVE inside the campus and in the classroom. This school failed to implement this important aspect in promoting the school, as well as instilling to the young minds of their children for guidance throughout their school life.

Look Deeper into the Concepts, Nature and Purposes of the Curriculum

This post is based on my field study that I did conduct last three months for the year 2014. You may seem not to approve some of this idea, but please correct me if I am wrong. Most of the things contain here were based on my own opinion. I am very welcome to some ideas that you may share on this subject matter. Thank you and hope it will be a help for those people in search for the same studies.

My Enriching Activities

If you are to design a curriculum for your own school, what are the things you need to consider? Accomplish the graphic organizer below.


My Analysis

  1. Why do we need to consider the traditional and progressive points of view of curriculum?
  • As a part in learning, we need to consider tradition and progressive point of view of curriculum since it is being used mostly inside the school. If we are going to observe a certain class identifying what can kind of teaching a teacher’s act, we can easily determined what kind of curriculum he/she is using. Through this, we can easily understand the meaning of this two, and upon applying this, we can easily tell which is more effective in student’s learning.
  1. How do the different educational philosophies relate to the curriculum in the schools you visited? Cite examples /situations?
  • The educational philosophy is a very important in the curriculum in the schools because it gives guide for the curriculum of the school to follow. Without a philosophy seems to be like an empty shell. These philosophies become the “window” to the world and “compass” in life. These can be determined as the blue print of a certain teacher or in the curriculum as a whole in the school.
  1. Why is there a need to revise the curriculum from time to time?

  • There is a need to revise the curriculum from time to time because society’s values and needs change over time. In the fast movement of the world today, every interest of every child is shifting or evolving as the times moves. The need of our society is becoming more demanding more than the previous years. Let site an example, during the 1950s, there was lot more emphasis on the home economics and industrial arts type of things, more emphasis on simply memorizing facts and rules. Nowadays, with technology shifts, and an economy that is base on different skills, if we had the same curriculum, it would be a catastrophe. Curricula have changed to meet the different needs that we have now.

My Reflections /My Insights

                After interviewing a faculty of a school, and searched about these two kinds of curriculum, I could say that both of this two are very different when it is applied. Mostly, in our changing world today, students are becoming more innovative. They want to participate, give their opinion on a certain subject, try different experiences, and do a lot more. A mere traditional curriculum will not simply give them the edge of doing what they expect to fulfil while they are in school.

There is that certain school that students were somehow complaining due to this traditional curriculum. They’ve mentioned that this academic curriculum was dreary as well as remote. According also to them, they were exposed to a situation of listening to recitations only. Lead discussions were a nightmare. Simply it is kind a boring type of learning for them.

However, on the progressive curriculum, it is a type of curriculum accompanied a practical type of education that was even more pleasant as well as interesting in the students. A type of curriculum that was in a position to offer education that was centred to the interest of the child. They find this more interesting since they could voice out what they intended to share. Being facilitated by the teachers, the students can do the task in accordance with their own likings. They can learn more through application. From this testimony, we can assume that many of students now are truly evolving, and administrative schools either public or private need to cope up with these changes.

See and Say

This post is based on my field study that I did conduct last three months for the year 2014. You may seem not to approve some of this idea, but please correct me if I am wrong. Most of the things contain here were based on my own opinion. I am very welcome to some ideas that you may share on this subject matter. Thank you and hope it will be a help for those people in search for the same studies.

My Map

To reach your target, follow the steps below:

Step 1: Observe a class on the regular schedule.

Step 2: Note down the various teaching aids that were utilized in the teaching learning process.

Step 3: Comment on the appropriateness of the teaching aids to the learning asks.
Step 4: Reflect on your learning.

My Tools

As you observe the ckass use the activity forms provided for you to document your observations.

Class Observation Guide

Read the following statements carefully before you observe.

  1. What is the lesson about?
  2. What visual aids/materials/learning resource is the teacher using?
  3. Observe and take notes on how the teacher presents/uses the learning resources.
  4. Closely observe the learner’s response to the teacher’s use of the learning resources. Listen to their verbal responses. What do their responses indicate? Do their responses show attentiveness, eagerness and understanding?

Focus on their non-verbal responses. Are they learning forward showing their interest on the lesson and the materials? Are they looking towards the direction of the teacher and the materials? Do their actions show attentiveness, eagerness and understanding?

Class Observation

Preschooler on Learning Side
Preschooler on Learning Side

For a couple of Sundays, I and my co-classmates did observed classes from different grade levels. It was kind enough that Ma’am Imelda Mamangconi, the Principal of AKIC-SLS was very accommodating towards our observation at their school. On this regard, I am indeed choosing the preschooler as my area of observation on this episode of FS 3 due to so many reasons.

                Every classes has their own way of Instructional Materials, and they indeed show a different kinds of IMs, but what I am amazed the most was the preschoolers’ Instructional Materials. They have this colourful class that you can almost see different colour from different areas from their classroom. If I could compare them from the higher level, theirs were the most outstanding than any other. Perhaps, this is due to their standing point as a new learner, which most of what they encounter is very new to them. Preschoolers have the most sensitive senses among the learners, and they still need a lot of things in order to understand some of their environment. In order to introduce this to them, teachers are required to show them what is attracting for the children in a more fun, colourful and innovative way.

                The class I did observed last February 16, 2014 was a senior kindergarten section Saturn. When I did enter to their classroom, I did ask a permission from the assistant teacher named Rahman Abdullah, a graduate of MSU-Main with a course of AB-Filipino. I told her that I was given consent from the principal to observe their classes, with a warm welcome, she indeed let me in inside their rooms and to my surprise I just “wow” myself from those things that were being displayed inside their room. Upon entering, everybody of them greeted me with a loud voice and an additional charming coming from the children. Below this are some pictures of Instructional materials within the class the I did gathered:

                 I’ll be enumerating some of their set Instructional Materials Inside. Let me have first the teacher, for they are a best IM for the learners. The Section that I did go to was under Ms. Norjannah K. Hadji Ali, the coordinator of the preschooler department. The teacher there was then their Arabic teacher. As she started her class, she did give out a loud and clear voice. She instructed the students to read the Arabic alphabets. All the preschoolers, obeyed as per instructed by the teacher wilfully, and as I view from the way they read, they seem to really familiarized and memorized almost all the Arabic alphabets. The teacher then gave out an activity that will ensure that the learner get the idea and learned it through instructing them to give an example of every Arabic letter that she would show to them. This answering portion was teamed up by group called: Green, Red, Yellow, and the Blue Team. To give them motivation, the teacher used the star as a way of recognizing their effort. Most of the students were really participating; some of them sometimes over do their action by giving the answer without the teacher’s permission. The way the teacher speaks was really loud and clear, which can be understood by the students well, and her projection was really good. This goes as well to the Assistant Teacher Ms. Rahma Abdullah, who gives out a very interesting friendly aura for the students, and always making herself clear.

                For those things inside the classroom, they gave out a friendly environment for the kids. The set instructional materials were very clear and colourful for the preschoolers to be more interested. There is that certain part in their classroom, where plastic boxes were in shelves. We indeed ask about this to a certain teacher about those and she mentioned that those boxes were children extra shirts and materials just in case they get their self dirty along their school days. These materials were already instructed to the parents to buy those things for their kids for the whole school year.

                Beside this boxes were a table containing some colour cups for the kids. These IMs were being used for the specific kids who like to have a different snack during their recess time. During that period, the school is providing some snacks for the kids. However, there are those kids who are very picky in relation to what they eat, so this idea were being made up in order to cater the other needs of the kids.

                After these IMs, one single computer was being set up at the back. This is used by the teacher in making their examination for the kids. All the preschoolers’ teachers were welcome to use this computer for school purposes.

                There are three tables that you can observe from this room. Two tables located at back and one table at the front. The said table located in front was table of the preschool coordinators Ms. Norjannah, and the remaining two were for the assistant teacher and a teacher.

                Next Instructional Materials to be mentioned were their activity notebooks and books. There activity notebooks can be seen in one area of the room, and this is located at the back. It can be noticed in their two coloured kinds of notebooks for every kid, an orange and the red one. Their activities books were being separated and placed in front, near the table of the teacher coordinator.

                The colour chart and letters were everywhere. They were being made creatively by the teacher for the kids to be motivated. The whole room were well ventilated and it was a light paint colour was being used inside the said classroom.

                The other IM’s that it could include in this are the table which consist of 16 tables and each table were occupied by two preschoolers. Shoe rock was also available in the said classroom. The school didn’t meet with the standard form of a classroom since they have this one single door for exit and entrance area. The black board was not your typical board for a starter, but a white board.


Arabic Lesson for the Kindergarten
Arabic Lesson for the Kindergarten


My Analysis


Grade or Year Level of Class Observed: Senior Kindergarten Section Saturn
Date of Observation: February 16, 2014
Subject Matter: Arabic, Number, and Reading
Brief Description of Teaching Approach Used by the Teacher: Directive Approach
Teaching Aids used

(Enumerate in bullet forms)







Comments on Appropriateness of the Teaching Aids used.

  • Teacher

They are well groomed, and they use a more friendly approach when they teach kids.


Teaching would not be effective when they aren’t sensitive.


I guess some teacher should learn how to be friendlier to the kids and be more compassionate to them.

  • Shoe Rock
This can teach the kids how to be more organized. Can be a destructing when it is placed inside the room. I suggest this should be placed outside the school room.
  • Chart
It can be an additional learning for the curiosity of the kids. Lack of organization. Chart should be well organized in a manner that the kids would get their attention.
  • English & Arabic Alphabets
It helps for the familiarization skills of the kids in relation to alphabets Can’t see its weakness. Visibly clear for the kids to see in a far distance.
  • Computer
This helps the kid’s examination to be readable through the use of its font, and can be used in preparing things for the kids. The computer they have should be placed in a safer area. It would be nice if the computer can also use a decoration that could blend in with the atmosphere in class.
  • Table
This gives a proper place for the teacher to work on their needs for their kids. Too much things on top of the table. The teacher is a model. Somehow, he/she has an obligation to clean her table up as a proper way of showing the kids of being an organized adult.
  • Activity Notebooks
This helps the kids to collect their portfolio in a more colourful way. Can’t see any weakness Their IMS in this was good since it helps the kids to recognize their needed activities for that certain issue.
  • Activity Books
Same with the Notebooks. This helps the kids to get the answer in a more clear view. Can’t see any weakness. This book should place together with the notebook in one place.
  • Hygiene Box
It helps to keep the cleanliness of a child. The box should always be monitored for lacking materials. The school gave out a good idea in addressing the individual needs of the kids.
  • Coloured Cups
It caters the other needs of the kids when recess takes over. The cups should be covered. Kids should be protected even in those things they are using. The school gave out an alternative supplies for the kids’ needs.
  • White Blackboard
Easier for the educator to teach the kids using them. It is kind of advance. Not be fitting for the preschoolers. The IM’s for the kids could be great if they use a board with lines.
  • Wall Paper
Gives an attraction for the kids. Too many colours It would be nice if they used a fixed colour.
  • Ventilation
It is well light up. Can’t see any weakness. For the reason that they are much closed door. They need to avail an extra light in case of brownout while the lesson is in session.

My Analysis

What do you think prompted the teacher to choose the material/learning resources that she/he used?

      In view of the fact that the teachers were dealing kids, I guess they prompted their self to use a more creative way of making their class room colourful and full of different kinds of learning chart. This is in consideration that kids love brighter things that their eyes can set on. Teachers were also being innovative in thinking other alternatives that could possibly cater the other kids’ needs on hand.

What difficulties, if any, did the teacher experience? How can this be managed?

      The assistant once told me a certain difficulties that preschool teachers can encounter and one of this is when the kids started their first day of classes. At first, they were very vulnerable, some of them would run to their parents nor would cry because of some unfamiliar faces that surrounds them. This gives a hard time for the teachers, and they are complied to sort this out through thinking how to get that fear from the kids of going out and go to school. Furthermore, when the kids goes to school some of them don’t have any idea of doing a certain basic action like how to toothbrush their teeth, what to do when they are at the comfort and so many things. This leads for the teacher to nurse them, and teach them the appropriate action that needs to be done on that certain deed.

Over-all, were the learning resources/materials used effectively? Why? Why not?

      Yes, I could say they are effective. The way I did observed the kids were very lively at their room. In relation to their portfolios and their needs, they know what to use and where to get it. Based on their Arabic lesson that day, they seem to understand and familiarize will enough about their Arabic lesson. They are very enthusiastically giving out a chorus answer which I could determine it as a sign of learned lesson on their part. They seem to be diligent enough about the things that surround them. In their Math lesson, the kids even has the ability to recognize months, and days during their lecture, and this might be thanks to their IMs of months and days that were being displayed in front of them. I wouldn’t say it isn’t effective since it is far more obvious the way the children lively cooperating with their teachers. The educator themselves really do know how to handle them, and even give some thoughts about giving them an extra tender, loving, care for the kids.

My Reflections

  1. Put yourself in the place of the teacher. What you do similarly and what would you do differently if you would teach the same lesson to the same group of students? Why?

      I would probably do the same like teaching them the appropriate manner of doing things, teach them with loud and clear voice, and be friendlier with them. I do also need to stabilize balance instructional materials inside the classroom. Nevertheless, I will probably need to address more activities that would highly need participation from everyone in the classroom.

When I was a student, I was the silent type, but as the time goes on I do realize that guts or self confidence is the most important aspect in one’s career and this thing is something that I want to cultivate from the students to be enhanced. In addition for the preschooler, if there will be a waiting time for them, I would highly recommend telling them stories as to use the time of their waiting into developing their creativity or should we easy imaginary skills at the young age.

My Portfolio

                Include here pictures/Illustration of the materials used by the teacher. Put your comments/annotation about that you observed.

The following pictures are the things being set up or used by the preschooler teacher as materials inside their classroom.

Preschooler at rest
Preschooler at rest

Using a white board inside the classroom can be treated as a good way of using it as an instructional material since it is easy, clear and not messy kind thing to use. However, the only defect in this regard is that preschooler are a beginner, I guess it would be appropriate to introduce the basic, a blackboard with line. This would give them the idea about the importance of writing in an appropriate manner through making it up straight which they can reflect it on their pads.


Using imagery in learning as your instructional material is a best way to teach kids because, they like images. This kind of IM would exceed if the instructor put some colours in her output.

Inside the Classroom
Inside the Classroom

This is my first time to enter a preschooler classroom, and I could say it is an impressive one since most of the kids’ needs were already being set up in there.

Wider range for kids!
Wider range for kids!

This section has a wider room compared to the other section which I guess exceed from the standard room of a certain classroom.

Math Learning for Kids
Math Learning for Kids

The assistant teacher was using colourful materials as to teach the kids on how to use time and calendar.

Activity Notebooks
Activity Notebooks

Activity notebooks that the kids used during their activity at a certain period. These things were located at back of their room.

Chart Display
Chart Display

                The teacher also considers putting some good material of chart that could teach the kids appropriately in relation to some good habits.

Teaching-Learning Process 2

This post is based on my field study that I did conduct last three months for the year 20144. You may seem not to approve some of this idea, but please correct me if I am wrong. Most of the things contain here were based on my own opinion. I am very welcome to some ideas that you may share on this subject matter. Thank you and hope it will be a help for those people in search for the same studies.

Individual Differences and Learner’s Interaction 2

Lets Learn Math
Lets Learn Math

This post is based on my field study that I did conduct last three months for the year 2014. You may seem not to approve some of this idea, but please correct me if I am wrong. Most of the things contain here were based on my own opinion. I am very welcome to some ideas that you may share on this subject matter. Thank you and hope it will be a help for those people in search for the same studies.


Step 1: Observe two or more learner’s of different abilities but with the same grade or year level.

Step 2: Find our something information about their background.

Step 3: Observe them as they participate in a classroom.

Step 4: Write a narrative report and a brief reflection on your experience.

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  1. Observe the class to see the differences in abilities of the learners?
  2. Try to identify the students who seem to be performing well and those that seem to be behind.
  3. Validate your observations by asking the teacher about the background (family, socio-economic, presence of some learning disability) of the students.
  4. Observe the behaviour of both high achieving and low achieving learners. Note their dispositions, pace in accomplishing tasks, interaction with teacher, and interaction with others.
  5. Observe the teacher’s method in addressing the individual learning needs of the students in his/her class.


                From our observations during the past three months at AKIC SLS, I will be choosing the Grade IV Section Molybdenum for this observation, where we conducted our Field Study last January 26, 2014 in the afternoon. The Grade VI pupils were very will behave when we entered the class. Their subject teacher for that day was Ms. Norhanifah Alikhan, who was discussing about their lesson in relations to the different agencies in the Philippines. On that duration of the discussion, most of the students were quite, and cooperating well enough to the teacher. However, there were those students who were writing assignments, others doing something and some were listening. When the teacher was asking them about a certain question, most of them would likely to answer her in chorus. There you will also observe those students who really raising their hands excitedly in answering the some question. As a whole in the class, I could say there were only few students who really were excel from the way I observed from their oral recitation which involves giving the full name of a certain department of the Philippines. I could say more or less three students who really gotten the correct answers when she gave a certain department on those three students. Some were having a hard time recalling a certain letters while they were having this oral recitation. As to validate my observations from the teacher, I couldn’t ask this certain issue for the reasons that the teacher can’t be interrupted while in the class, and lack of time for an interview. But I did observed a certain students, whose name is Bai Khadija Salivia U. Macarambon and Queen Ashaniah M. Pangandaman, who were sitting at back. One of them were far cited and having a hard time coping up from her classmates, yet due to her seat mate, she was being assisted by her through understanding their lessons especially the math problem that was given that afternoon.

                When Mam Rashida R. Rashid take over the class for her math session, there I saw enough how the students do interact in answering the math solutions. Mam Rashida was reviewing the class in preparation for this examination, at the end of her discussion, she then give some solution for the students to answer. There are those students, who were called upon to solve the problem in front of the class, some did well in answering this portion and some don’t. Those students who have a high achiever status were facing this assessment well enough by answering the problem in an easy and fastest manner. Those student students that don’t do well enough, they seem to be left hanging, just stand there and think. In the sense that it was a session where teacher and students interact, most of the students were very attentive and some were cooperating in answering the given question through raising their hands. The teacher were not being one sided, when a certain students didn’t answer the problem, she gives encouragement to that certain students which is very effective in increasing their level of confidence in answering the problems. The teacher was very lively, and feels the motivation coming through her. On that mentioned activities, she always let the students answer the problem in front in order to build a far more confidence in expressing and explaining their self in front.


      Did your observation match the information given by the teacher? Were you able to correctly identify who among the students performed well and who did not? What behaviour helped you identify them? (Volunteering to answer, responding to teacher’s directions, etc.

  • Yes, I’m very thankful that both teachers’ activities gave me the chance to identify those students who were doing well in the class, and those who do not. Through the volunteering the answer, I did saw those students who were very confidently giving out their answers, and those students who seems to be at middle zone, were I could see myself through them. We could not only base from a quiz and a test in evaluating the students, but the given situation is a good sample where one can base upon in a more clear view. We can’t only base our assessment through only this since we are talking about the performance of the students. There are those learner’s who were still shy in expressing their self’s and through the teacher’s directions and how he/she handle the class for evaluation could put up those students who are shy, and express theirselfs in another way around. There are those learner’s who excel and express their self in other way around than those students who can easily express their ideas.

      Describe the differences in ability levels of the students in the class? Is there a wide gap between the students who are performing well and those that are not?

  • Looking at their differences between the learners who were performing well and those who were not was not very far. In those students who were performing well do have confidence in them to express their ideas without thinking what their classmates might think, but those learners who were not performing well were somehow shy in expressing their ideas. I would probably guess, they were lacking a self confidence, and a practice to be more expressive. They need a motivation in order to push their selves in doing something.

      Describe the methods used by the teacher in handling the students’ differences in abilities. How did the students respond to the teacher?

  • The method that the teacher used was deductive method, were her teaching started in the rule or principle, and then examples are given to explain the rule or principle. Since Ma’am Rashida is a math teacher, she is expected to use this cause in math…you have to hand down the principle before the learner could get anything in order to solve a certain problem. Along with this is that she is using the convergent questions which require a single responses and that there is only one correct or best responses. Several of the learners were cooperating to their teacher very well, and responded in the way Ma’am Rashida conducted her class. As for those students, who aren’t doing well was given by the teacher some motivations in order to do better in the next time around.


  1. Recall the time when you were in the elementary, high school or college. Call to mind the high and low achievers in your class. How did your teacher deal with differences in the abilities? Was your teacher effective?
  • Three years in my high school years, I have been in the first section. I don’t know how it was but I am indeed in that section even though I am the most quite among all of my classmates back then. Each of us has a unique personality, but in terms of those classmates who excel in advance was something I could point who where those people. Those low achievers, which I could categorize myself, do our thing in a way we could do our best. For example me, I usually do the best as I can in order not to get a zero point in any subject matter. It became my motivation not to get a zero score, as not to get embarrassed from them. Our teachers really do their best in order to apply to us the best method she/he could give. They don’t give us not too hard and not too easy subject matter. Some of our teachers were effective in a way that I could be happier in applying those thought they instil to us back then, because what I’ve become now was a part and parcel of their teaching from those years.
  1. With the principle of individual differences in mind, what methods and strategies will you remember in the future to ensure that you will be able to meet the needs of both the high and low achievers in your class.
  • The learners are the high priority of the teacher and their interest counts. If I’ll be a teacher someday, I will probably consider making a curriculum or a lesson plan that identifies the students’ interest in order for them to be knowledgeable about the subject matter. This also includes their strengths and needs when constructing a lesson plan. If everybody couldn’t totally get what was being taught to them, thinking of alternatives ways is a best thing in order to get their interest.

In a learning environment, making it modified and through attaching personalized environment in a more welcoming aura, personalized and comfortable for the student is very important in order to increase their motivation as a students. IN addition to this, one student can be much comfortable with her/his environment when she/he is together with her/his family, so in order to build that kind of feeling in them, it would be much better making learning as a family affair, by encouraging the participation of students’ families.

Experiencing the Teaching-Learning Process

On the English side!
On the English side!

This post is based on my field study that I did conduct last three months for the year 2014. You may seem not to approve some of this idea, but please correct me if I am wrong. Most of the things contain here were based on my own opinion. I am very welcome to some ideas that you may share on this subject matter. Thank you and hope it will be a help for those people in search for the same studies.

My Tool

As I observe a class, I will use the Observation Sheet for a more focused observation.

Principles of Learning Teaching Behaviour of the Teacher/Learning Behaviour of the Learner as Proof of the Application of the Principle of Learning.
  1. Learning is an experience which occurs inside the learner and is activated by the learner.
The teacher discussed all the topics in relation to their lesson, and the quiz that was given. Some students were very participative.
  1. Learning is the discovery of the personal meaning and relevance of ideas.
Teacher answered those test questions verbally in front of the students in order to let the student assist their answers. E.g The Students realized the importance of preparing one’s self before exam.
  1. Learning is a consequence of experience.
Assessing children in their learning and mixing different kinds of strategies is an edge. The teacher gave out a quiz based on their lesson last week, and answers them afterwards by calling some students to verify their answers.Some students were disappointed due to low scores they did receive.
  1. Learning is a cooperative and collaborative process.
The teacher was very enthusiast and alive in giving instructions to the student and even giving out an examination.

The students were drawn from the teacher’s energy and followed her instructions accordingly and even giving out their answers wilful during the question and answer portion.

  1. Learning is an evolutionary process.
The teacher’s action becomes evolutionary since she adopts multiple tasks within the one hour session. She even diligently deals with her grade 5 students with the level of their abilities and skills.
  1. Learning is sometimes a painful process.
Learners were given a certain quiz but it becomes painful for them when they didn’t prepare for it even though the instructor told them about the quiz ahead of time.The students who didn’t do well realize the consequence of not studying before the quiz.
  1. One of the richest resources for the learning is the learner himself.
The teacher let the students’ answers through asking them while assessing each other’s papers.

The students were raising their hands while the teacher was giving out the question in class.

  1. The process of learning is emotional as well as intellectual.
The teacher was starting her class through giving out a friendlier expression. The possible reason is in order to set a friendlier atmosphere while giving out a quiz for the kids, and get the tension out of the students’ shoulders.
  1. The process of problem solving and learning are highly unique and individual.
The teacher was discussing the basic angles and geometric figures by details were somehow highly unique especially in a way the teachers present her teaching. In terms of the student, some were giving their best out to answer their teacher’s question.
Principles of Learning Teaching Behaviour of the Teacher/Learning Behaviour of the Learner as Proof of the Application of the Principle of Learning.
  1. Learning is an experience which occurs inside the learner and is activated by the learner.
The Teacher let the student answers the chemical equation based on their learning the previously.
  1. Learning is the discovery of the personal meaning and relevance of ideas.
The teacher discussed previously the topic about chemistry formula, and she let the student answer some formula written in the black board. After this she let her student to explain the answer in front of their classmates.
  1. Learning is a consequence of experience.
One learner didn’t answer the assigned equation very well, letting herself to solve it again. A consequence that when you don’t understand the lesson well, one tends to come up with a wrong answer.
  1. Learning is a cooperative and collaborative process.
The learner’s were not participative, but the teacher groups them to answer the chemical formula, letting them to choose one of them to discuss their answer infront.
  1. Learning is an evolutionary process.
Most of the students do have a lot of question about the written formula, but the teacher tried to explain it further.
  1. Learning is sometimes a painful process.
One student was suddenly asked about a certain formula but came up being quite and left the question unanswered.
  1. One of the richest resources for the learning is the learner himself.
Most of the learners do well in answering the equation, giving them more confidence within their self.
  1. The process of learning is emotional as well as intellectual.
The learners’ correct answer makes them happy and build up some confidence within them
  1. The process of problem solving and learning are highly unique and individual.
Answering a complicated equation gave the learner a hard time to come up to the final answer. However, when they arrived correctly to the right answer, feeling of happiness felt.
Principles of Learning Teaching Behaviour of the Teacher/Learning Behaviour of the Learner as Proof of the Application of the Principle of Learning.
  1. Learning is an experience which occurs inside the learner and is activated by the learner.
The Teacher let the student to answer the mathematical equation, and the learner began to solve the given problem based on their understanding.
  1. Learning is the discovery of the personal meaning and relevance of ideas.
The teacher let her student solve the problem in front of the black board and make them explained the answer they presented.
  1. Learning is a consequence of experience.
Some of the learners were able to answer in front, and upon answering some aren’t well prepared and realized the consequence of being unprepared.
  1. Learning is a cooperative and collaborative process.
The learners were raising their hand, cooperatively wanting to solve the problem on their own.
  1. Learning is an evolutionary process.
The teacher exerts a lot of effort giving more motivation to her student, and does a multi tasking while the lesson was on going.
  1. Learning is sometimes a painful process.
Those learners who didn’t do very well were somehow learned the consequence, and one of this was not to be able to answer the problem in front of her fellow classmates.
  1. One of the richest resources for the learning is the learner himself.
Most of the learners were raising their hand signifying the fact that most of them do well and understand the lesson and some even explained it very well.
  1. The process of learning is emotional as well as intellectual.
As I observed, the teacher were enthusiast, and most willing to give a lesson to them making her student participative and radiate her enthusiast attitude towards her students.
  1. The process of problem solving and learning are highly unique and individual.
The learners’ solve the problem very well and well understood by them. Some learners could even teach to her seat meet that didn’t seem to understand the lesson well.


My Analysis

  1. What is the impact of the Resource Teacher’s observance of these principles on the teaching-learning process and on the learners?
    • To become an efficient educator you need to consider these principles in your way of teaching. It is not easy to be an educator since you cannot just do what you want in teaching children, it’s not. Many things need to be considered. If one teacher wanted to have a strong foundation in her/his own teaching and implant a very great impact to his/her students then this is the answer. One of the teachers that I did indeed observe somehow implements these principles. I could say not all but most of them. This can be signifies how her learners reacts from the way she teach, and the way learner’s enjoy her class. For the learners, skills and abilities are not one day growth; it is a step by step process. The learners don’t really have the idea about these principles, but looking at them, they are indeed very active in cooperating with their teacher. An atmosphere of ease was surrounded in whole class, where teaching can be more fun for the students as well as ease in acquiring the knowledge needed.


  1. Which learning principle was applied most?
  • As I observed, the most applied principle on that day were “learning is a consequence of experience” and “Learning is a cooperative and collaborative process”. As what I had explained from my previews statement, that most of the student were very active in participating, a very cooperative one. The teacher was also enjoying her class. In the quiz, which was given on that day, some of the student didn’t have a higher score which possibly made them realize that they need to study more.
  1. Which learning principle was applied least or not at all applied?
  • The learning principle that was applied least from all the principles was the number seven, “One of the richest resources for the learning is the learner himself”. In this situation, teacher mostly facilitates with the learning for the students and they, the students, are the one who gives some ideas about a certain topic. In relation to the class that I did observed, this thing were least used. Mostly of the class was being done by the teacher herself.
  1. Do you agree with these principles of learning? Or have you discovered that they are not always correct?
  • Yes, I do agree with these principles. A principle in a certain area of subject is a very important factor that can be used in determining a certain facts. In education, the enumerated principles can be used in studying a certain schools if they are doing what exactly supposed to be an act of teaching kids. The status of how the teachers and learners do can easily be determined. For the further advancement of a certain school, this could be a basis of studying the area of learning should be changed or need some improvements in terms of executing the subject to be tackled in every class.
  1. Lessons I have learned from my observations on the classroom application of the principles of learning.
  • The thing that I’ve learned from my observation is the fact that a teacher should be aware in using these principles in order to be an effective educator.

My Reflections

My reflections on my observations of my Resource Teacher’s observance of these principles. Did my Resource Teachers adhere to these principles?

                In the short period of time observing the teachers at AKIC- SLS, I could say that they are adhering these principles well. As seen from their students, they are really well participating and seem to enjoying their class very well. One teacher was very effective in implementing these principles as a whole since you can distinguish how she conducts her class. She can create a well balanced classroom, an environment full of energy, and made the students get motivated in participating inside the class. As an observer and as a person, you can sense in a certain situation about things that seems wrong. From that observation, and sitting in that particular class made me feel of going back from being a student. A feeling of that kind of atmosphere, were you can feel the enjoyment of learning, and being drawn by the teacher’s energy and enthusiasm; that feeling of getting those lessons inside your head without coercing your mind to learn it, that feeling of learning from the mistakes that indeed committed on that day, and thinking of doing good the next time around. This feeling that felt on that day is an experience that these typical principles were being implemented.

                The learning’s goal is to give the children what they need, and make them realize things that they could not gain outside the class with guidance of a teacher. The teachers need to present these principles if he/she wanted to make her/his students feel the essence of true learning. Not adhering with these principles will give one’s learner an incomplete learning experience on their part. The development of their thinking skills and the importance of the topic being learned will not be achieved. From the way it looks, this is the importance of these said principles. The teacher that I did observed even gave assessment on her students’ skills which it can be a help in knowing the feedback of her teaching from her students, either it’s effective or not. The learners’ interest should be in the top priority, so as an educator, we need to adopt on everything that is needed in order to fully utilize all the tools that is needed to let them experience the best of learning.

My Portfolio

Principles of Learning in My Own Words.

  1. Learning is teaching kids with the things they aren’t well aware off and making the students interpret of the things they did understand from the lessons.
  2. Learning is knowing something that is beyond ones understanding, and the relationship of this idea to the real life of the students.
  3. Learning is something about learning ones mistake, and the making a correct decision and analysis over something.
  4. Learning is sharing of ideas through teachers, and with highly participation of the students.
  5. Learning should be multi tasking due to changes pace of time.
  6. Learning is not a punishment or discipline that the students should practiced, but the realization of getting your dream with a sacrifice for a successful life.
  7. A student should participate of sharing their ideas/opinion in a class.
  8. Teachers and Learners’ abilities can be measured up through their psychological, sociological, emotional, and intellectual aspects.
  9. Learning should involve high thinking skills in order for each student to be developed in advance regardless of their differences, and considered a certain materials based on their multiple intelligence.


Individual Differences and Learner’s Interaction

This post is based on my field study that I did conduct last three months for the year 2014. You may seem not to approve some of this idea, but please correct me if I am wrong. Most of the things contain here were based on my own opinion. I am very welcome to some ideas that you may share on this subject matter. Thank you and hope it will be a help for those people in search for the same studies.



Step 1: Observe a class in different parts of a school day.

 Step 2: Describe the characteristics of the learners in terms of age, gender and social and cultural diversity.

  Step 3: Describe the interaction that transpires inside and outside the classroom.

Step 4: Interview your resource teacher about the principles and practices that she uses in dealing with diversity in the classroom.

Step 5: Analyze the impact of individual differences on learners’ interaction.


      Find out the number of students. Gather data as to their ages, gender, and racial groups, religious and ethnic backgrounds.

During class:

  1. How much interaction is there in the classroom? Describe how the students interact with one another and with the teacher. Are there groups that interact more with the teacher than others?
  2. Observe the learners seated at the back and the front part of the room. Do they behave and interact differently?
  3. Describe the relationship among the learners. Do the learners cooperate with or compete against each other?
  4. Which students participate actively? Which students ask for most help?
  5. When a student is called and cannot answer the teacher’s question, do the classmates try to help him? Or do they raise their hands so that the teacher will call them instead?

Outside class:

  1. How do the students group themselves outside the class? Homogeneously, by age? By gender? By racial or ethnic groups? Or are the students in mixed social groupings? If so, describe the groupings.
  2. Describe how the learners interact with each other? What do they talk about?


Students on BIO-Chem
Students on BIO-Chem


                In this episode, I’ll be picking the section Pearl of the third year as my subject of interest. When we got there, it was their subject teacher in Bio-Chemistry who was there conducting a discussion on a certain formula about chemistry related topic. Everyone inside the class room were concentrating about this subject matter. Maybe this is because, the teacher made a groups out of this class and they were given the task to solve a certain chemistry formula. Upon solving the problem, students were required to discuss the given problems by a representative from their group. On this idea, nobody goes against this will of the teacher, and they were given 5 minutes to solve, and to think about the answer. This made the students all in focused in discussing and solving the certain problems applying how they understand the topic mentioned to them. Their interaction seems not to be like that of what I expect. I was expecting they were going to formulate a circle by group and discuss among them about the answer. Their interaction in solving the problem was lesser, since most of them were quite solving the answer each of their own. I am assuming in this kind of situation that the group already designated one of their group mates to answer, and explain the assigned task. When the time ups, each group prepared their selves and adrenaline rush comes. As they answer the question in front of them, they seem to be quite shy, but got the guts to discuss it within the class. As the teacher were backing up their answer and asking them a few question on this regard, the reporter seems to give a less answer in one question without expanding their answer as to be more detailed. While one of them was explaining, some students were very talkative, other talk about the lesson and the students at the back were discussing other matters, which their teacher noticed after a minute. Their teacher interaction were very formal inside the class, some students were freely expressing their feelings and easily conveyed their ideas and thoughts to their teacher confidently.

                In terms of the students’ arrangement, they were composed of 9 columns; each three column as divided were composed of three rows of students. In this case, two girls talk from each other and the male student beside them were in silent mode. This might be because of his two girls seated near him. Observing as well the last student at the back, they were very talkative during the chemistry class. They were talking about the latest trend of the Korean Novela, and any kinds of topic in relation to K-POP. Meanwhile those students who were seated in the front were very quite concentrating on the subject on hand.

                Despite of them, being in one section, they have the tendency to feel the tension of competing from each other. Since section pearl were in the first section, every student were complied to do everything at their best. The feelings of tension within them were very obvious. In terms of their cooperation, they have less cooperation from each other on that certain topic that shows how they work as one team. In terms of answering a certain formula, not most of them were trying to help their school mate. Maybe this happens, because they are not confident enough to speak and talk about their answer in front of their classmates, which coerce the teacher to call for a student to answer that unanswered formula.

                Outside of their class, the students interact only with their age group. There were only few who do the interaction with their junior or senior classmates since most of the time; they were having an interaction mostly within their aged group or the student within their section. When they do their interaction during their break time, they usually talked about the same interest. These could be the latest trend on television, the latest KPOP star, their crushes, telling some secrets and many others.


  • Identify the person who plays key roles in the relationship and interactions in the classrooms? What roles do they play? Is there somebody who appears to be the leader, a mascot/joker, an attention seeker, a little teacher, a doubter/pessimist?
  • I didn’t get most of the students’ name inside the Pearl Section, but as far as I remember, these mentioned roles were present within the circle of the class. Those students who were included in those programs that AKIC are involved were the student who seems to have this kind of Leader Charisma. Having a confidence, very expressively toward their teacher, open minded, knows how to deal with the thing they are in and very flexible. A little teacher, section pearl do have one. I did encounter one male student, while I was interviewing them, one of the male student came to me and discussed to me some information that I am needing in my field study that give me an idea how confident he was. A mascot do exist in them as well, there was that one student when we set at the back of the class, and as I observe, she keeps on talking, and cracking up some jokes within their classmates not even caring if they have a teacher on standby.
  • Are students coming from minority group accepted or rejected by others? How is this shown?
  • So far, this kind of situation doesn’t exist within the students. As I perceive it, they treated each classmate equally, because most of them were meranao, who lives in one place
  • How does the teacher influence the class interaction considering the individual differences of the students?
  • As per observation, the teacher treats all the students in an equal range. However, it could not be avoided that one of the students were really slow in understanding a certain topic, which give the teacher a certain point that he/she could understand it the second time around through making a classmate help him/her in answering the question and later on back the answer up. When a teacher wanted to keep her students to be alive, one of them has a technique and this is to point them out the very common in them, and this is in relation to crushes which teenage life were usually curious. A “kilig” factor is something that a teacher could find as a subject of wakening some students who seems to be sleeping inside the class.
  • What factors influence the grouping of learners outside the classroom?
  • The influence that could possibly made the grouping of learners outside the classroom is the so called commonalities of interest or perhaps some group are within the range level of the other classmate that they synch very well to one another. Based on my experience during my high school days, I usually go with the people who have the same range of thinking. Not totally the same but somehow, we could find our feelings at ease with one another. Also, once I saw that person I could entrust myself with, I would surely make friends with them. In relation to this, I assume that this is also same goes with those students in AKIC-SLS since most of the adult undergone with this type of feeling during our development stage to maturity.