Tag Archives: Field Studies

Bulletin Board Display

This post is based on my field study that I did conduct last three months for the year 2014. You may seem not to approve some of this idea, but please correct me if I am wrong. Most of the things contain here were based on my own opinion. I am very welcome to some ideas that you may share on this subject matter. Thank you and hope it will be a help for those people in search for the same studies.

Classroom Management and Learning

Students on play time!
Students on play time!

This post is based on my field study that I did conduct last three months for the year 2014. You may seem not to  approve some of this idea, but please correct me if I am wrong. Most of the things contain here were based on my own opinion. I am very welcome to some ideas that you may share on this subject matter. Thank you and hope it will be a help for those people in search for the same studies.

TASK:

Step 1: Observe a class.

Step 2: Using a checklist, find out the evident classroom components.

Step3: Describe how the classroom is structured/designed to follow everyone to participate in the learning activities.

Step 4: Relate the data in your checklist to the learner’s behaviour.

Step 5: Reflect on how classroom management affects learning

OBSERVATION GUIDE:

  1. Are there areas in the classroom for specific purposes?
  2. Are there rules and procedures followed?
  3. What are the daily routines done by the teacher? (Prayer, attendance, monitoring of assignment, warm up activities, etc.) how are they done?
  4. Is there a seating arrangement? What is the basis of this arrangement?
  5. Observe the noise level in the classroom. How is this managed?
  6. If a learner is not following instructions or is off-task, what does the teacher do? (behaviour strategies)
  7. What does the teacher do to reinforce positive behaviours? (behaviour strategies)

CLASSROOM MANAGEMENT MATRIX

 

ASPECT OF CLASSROOM MANAGEMENT DESCRIPTION EFFECT ON THE LEARNERS
SPECIFIC AREAS IN THE CLASSROOM In there were a set of arm chairs a table, and a bulletin board and other charts that where located on the wall. It is mainly for learning environment. The classroom was fitting to a learning situation but the effect was for only inside learning. They only have limited area inside that could widen their interest.
CLASSROOM RULES Class room rules were very specific located at the left side of the classroom. This will keep the learners be reminded of possible importance aspect in life.
CLASSROOM PROCEDURES There were no procedures written anywhere the classroom. Since no procedures were written, students were left hanging and left with no instruction inside the classroom to follow.
DAILY ROUTINE Prayers were being done inside the classroom before they begin their classes. A good motivation for the learners is to pray and engrave in them the importance of spiritual aspect.
SEATING ARRANGEMENT Teacher arranges them accordingly. There were three rows, every row consisting of three arm chairs; left and the right side were for girls and middle was boy. This instil and force the kids to keep their silence, because girls were separated as to stop them from being talkative and boys were put in the middle as to behave them self during classes.
HANDLING MISBEHAVIOR/OFF TASK BEHAVIOR Teacher calls out directly those students who are noisy. These will help the other students to be focused and realize the consequence of being noisy during the lessons.
REINFORCEMENT OF POSITIVE BEHAVIOR The teacher give positive feedback by saying “That’s good Ms. ____, but whose gonna help her/him”…by this, teacher appreciate a student for doing an effort. This will build a self confidence on the students’ part and making them learn to be appreciative even in a little thing.

SUMMARY OF OBSERVATION:

      How did the classroom organization and routines affect the learners’ behaviour?

      In our class Educ 15s, our mentor suddenly spoke these words in front of us that “a lesson needs to be repeatedly lectured for them to be reminded and as to master it.” I believe that this is the reason of daily routines to be integrated inside the life of the students. Our memories as human being were very short, we are very prone of this aspect and in order for us to apply things, we need to make our body and mind master it. In terms of this so called classroom organization, this was being set up for the students to learn how to organize a small group as for them to be ready in the bigger application that they could apply it in organizing a certain group when time comes.

      What should the teacher have in mind when she/he designs the classroom organization and routines? What theories and principles should you have in mind?

      A teacher should think the befitting classroom organizations and routines that could also be fitting with the likings of her/his students in general. S/he needs to include students mostly in deciding this issue for them to learn how they could organize themselves and the routines, but of course with assistance from a teacher. In order to coincide this with the students I did observe, I once asked a student how did they designed their classroom, and she in did mentioned that they did the most of the activities and the design in the classroom and with the consent from the teacher.

      Which behaviour strategies were effective in managing the behaviour of the learners? In motivating students? Why were they effective?

      Attitude of a teacher means a lot in managing the behaviour of her/his students. As I observe from one of the teacher in AKIC-SLS last February 3, 2014. She has this typical expression which seems to be strict, and talk to her students with confidence, but this act doesn’t seems to be effective for the learners since they keep on talking, despite of the emotion she did show to them. The possible reason that I could come up with this is that, this teacher taught her students without concerning the so called passion within her and don’t have a happy disposition. She seems to be not caring so much with her students. Nevertheless, those teachers whom you could sense their passion and having a happy disposition from the way they taught their children seem to be a far more effective. Students listen very well and motivated with an ease atmosphere around that certain teacher. We human somehow sense the other mood that we can easily vibrate in them.

PERSONAL REFLECTIONS

  1. Imagine yourself organizing your classroom. In what grade / year level do you have yourself? What routines and procedures would you consider for this level? Why?

      Imagining me in a classroom set up, I would highly recommend myself to teach a first year high school. Why? For the reason that I would like to handle those kids who will be in their first year of high school. Their fresh mind and their higher level of curiosity is something I want to fill in. First year level is something important in a high school part because this is the first thing for a student to occur and their motivation to know new something is in their first year. In relation to their routines, I would like to implement a prayer before our classes begin. Next here, I would like to start my discussion and alive greetings for the students, and expected to have a feed back in them as well. Thirdly, I would probably ask a certain student to recap on our lesson the previews meeting, and then proceed to my lessons. I would end my lesson through my students giving of a quote that will help them motivate their self and the other, and end with a prayer.

  1. Make a list of the rules you are likely to implement in this level. Why would you choose these rules?

The following rules were something I would like to implement.

      I would like to implement that they should wear their proper uniform and ID when they are in the school premises.

      Observe silence when the class is ongoing, because they will be given an ample of time when their return comes like reporting, oral recitation, or making them answer.

      Excuses should be made when they are going outside the classroom.

      They should apply and be courteous among their classmates.

      Before and after the class, they need to arrange their things and table.

      Greet their teachers and those visitors politely when they are at present.

      I would like to have a higher participation coming from the students.

      Cell phone must be in silent mode. Being caught using their cell phone during class will be punished.

  1. Should learners be involved in making the class rules? Why?

      In this today’s generation, kids are not just mere students in a classroom but also a decision maker. We are also now in progressive mode of curriculum, and most of the activities were facilitated by the teacher and the students are highly advisable to do most of a certain activities. The making of the class rules should include the students in making those rules in classroom, as to practice their rights in getting their opinion and ideas and that these makings of rules were part of it.

 

 

 

 

Characteristics and Needs

This post is based on my field study that I did conduct last three months of the year 2014. You may seem not to approve some of this idea, but please correct me if I am wrong. Most of the things contain here are based on my own opinion. I am very welcome to some ideas that you may share on this subject matter. Thank you and hope it will be a help for those people in search for the same studies.

Differentiating the characteristics and needs of learners from different developmental levels:

Step 3Validate your observation by interviewing the learners.
Step 2Describe each of the learners based on your observations.
Step 4Compare them in terms of their interests and needs.
Step 1Observe 3 groups from different levels (preschools, elementary, and high school).

Physical

  1. Observe their gross motor skills. How they carry themselves. How they more, walk, run, go up the stairs. Etc.
  2. Are gross movements clumsy or deliberate/smooth?
  3. How about their fine motor skills? Writing, drawing, etc.

Social

  1. Describe how they interact with teachers and other adults.
  2. Note how they also interact with peers. What do they talk about? What are their concerns?

Emotional

  1. Describe the emotional disposition or temperament of the learners (happy, sad, easily cries, mood-shifts)
  2. How do they express their wants/needs? Can they wait?
  3. How do they handle frustrations?
  4. Describe their level of confidence as shown in their behaviour. Are they self-concious?

Cognitive

  1. Describe their ability to use words to communicate their ideas. Note their language proficiency.
  2. Describe how they figure out things. Do they comprehend easily? Look for evidence of their thinking skills.
  3. Were there opportunities for problem solving? Describe how did they show problem solving abilities.
Learners’ Development Matrix

 

DevelopmentDomain PreschoolerIndicate age range of children observed:5-6 years of age ElementaryIndicate age range of children observed:11-12 years of age High SchoolIndicate age range of children observed:15-16 years of age
Physical
Gross-motor skills 

 

Fine-motor skills

 

 

 

 

 

Self-help skills

 

 

 

Others

The learners already knew how to balance their self.The coordination of the muscles is still developing, but mostly able to control it. 

 

They still need assistance from the adult.

In the elementary level, they already have a refine control on their body parts.Their coordination was very fine due to some reason that most of them are in good health. 

They have the idea how to do things on their own.

Adolescent children has a refine control on their body parts, and already aware the significant of the othersFrom Head to Foot were functioning well. Most of the students were healthy on the time of observation.They already can help themselves physical and act independently.
SocialInteraction with Teachers 

Interaction with Classmates/friends

 

 

 

 

 

Interests

 

Others

The learners were very attached with their teacher.They enjoying the company of their others, yet always playing without thinking either it will harm their classmates or not.

 

 

 

They like colorful things, and small things can already give them contentment.

Some of the learner’s can already voice out their ideas to their teacher.They interact will enough to their peers, and know their limits. 

 

 

 

They are still interested in playing. Start as a mode of motivation is already not applicable to them.

They are very expressive with their teacher, and easily conveyed their wants.They already in the level of the so called “infatuation” , and most likely loved to tease their friends. 

 

They are interested in more activities and with new gadgets.

EmotionalMoods and temperament, expression of feelings 

 

 

 

Emotional Independence

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Others

They are an expressive learner. If they want to cry they will. If they want to show attachment to their teacher, they won’t hesitate.They are not dependent; they are still on the first level of learning this factor. They already know how to control their feelings, and they are already comprehended the meaning of shyness and where to put their self. 

They are in the stage of learning this emotional independence, but still they need to be guided carefully on this aspect.

Unlike the elementary, they already knew how to put their emotions in, but to some other child, they are boosting with moods that sometimes cause them to be talkative.They are closely to be more emotional independent, but it is restricted and should teaches them this part in a far more detail since they are in the height of wider curiosity about their environment.
CognitiveCommunications Skills 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Thinking Skills

 

 

 

 

 

 

Problem-Solving

 

 

 

 

 

Others

The learners were starting to convey their feelings in a more basic way. 

 

 

Their thinking skills are still on side of molding them since they are questionable about their environment.

 

 

In terms of this area, they are not capable of solving this around them.

They are being talkative, that even in class they sometimes over do it, and not listen to their teacher. 

 

 

Their thinking skill is way improved than that of a preschooler, which they can give out their idea on a certain subject matter.

 

Problem-solving become easier with them in giving out an answer that they understood.

The learners were well controlled on their communications skills, and way better than those in the lower level. They can express their self even with the adults.Their thinking skills were better, that they could already hand down the critical analysis in a certain subject.

 

In this aspect, they have the higher abilities to decide and think of a certain solution and even give an alternative.

SUMMARY OF OBSERVATION

Write the most salient developmental characteristics of the learners you observed. Based on these characteristics, think of implications for the teacher.

Level Salient Characteristics Observed Implications to the Teaching-Learning Process
 PreschoolAge range of learners observed 4-5 years of age Preschoolers like to babied and a way sensitive about the feeling of their teacher, which they showed more affection when they already closed with the teacher. The teacher should be more compassionate with their preschoolers and be keen enough on their needs and tactics on how to handle small children.
ElementaryAge range of learners observed 11-12 years of age Elementary learners have the possibility to be way talkative and move around and ask lots of question. Therefore the teacher should know how to keep her/his children tame in keeping their mouth in silence during the lesson session.The teacher should also have the ability to know the possible question of these children, since their questions are far more active.
High SchoolAge range of learners observed 15-16 years of age High school learners like activities.They like to explore a lot and some of them could express their thoughts to teachers with confidence. Therefore, the teachers are now complied to facilitate the learning of their students, and ready for some alternatives ways for them not to be bored with the class.

 

PERSONAL REFLECTIONS:

  1. While you were observing the learners, did you recall your own experiences when you were their age? What similarities or differences do you have with the learners you observed?
  • Yes, I did. The commonality that I saw from the learners during my time was somewhat eerie, since I can see myself in them during my younger years. I am the silent type the whole year round of my school days.

The assistant teacher from the preschooler suddenly mentioned about the first day of those kids. There were those some that wouldn’t like to go to school, teacher were complied to do something for them to go to school at those crucial time. This typical feeling was something that I did feel back then as well when I started going to school. Afraid of the new things and changes, and don’t want to be away from their parents. Yet somehow, as preschoolers get too used in schooling that feeling were slowly fading. During my elementary days, I like playing games more than studying, and these kinds of thing were very common even with the learners I did observed. They love to get involved with their friends, play with them, and explore new things within their own hands. Furthermore, like those high school learners, I am also fun of getting involving myself in a report, but I only got the chance when we were required too, because I don’t have the guts to volunteer during those days. I like activities that are within my reach, yet the learners from that school were different in some way or another. However, the difference that I could possibly detect from this today’s learner was that, they are far more into activities, and very involved with technology now a days. They were exceeding the skills from those kids back then. They are totally enhancing that themselves are trying variety of experience that they can try on.

  1. Think of a teacher you cannot forget for the positive or negative reasons. How did she/he help you with your needs? How did it affect you?
  • There are so many teachers that change something about my perspective from how I see life. There were those certain whom I admire the most; and one of them was named Ms. Gabuyo. I forgot her whole name, but what I always remember was her last name. She was our physic teacher. She was a strict teacher who gives punishments when her students do wrong, and got low grades. She usually uses something like a meter stick as a paddle to punish someone from getting a low score. Her judgment was so strict that every one of us was complied to do the best as we can to survive her subject. During her lesson, everyone were not at ease, because most of us was afraid that she might give some oral quiz or else an examination that will comply us to discuss in front of our classmates. However, the way she does this isn’t bad at all because her subject gives an opportunity to sink some of her ideals about physic in us, and from the way she handled her class is something I admire the most. The thing that affects me was to be at my best as I can.
  1. Which is your favorite theory of development? How can this guide you as a future teacher?
  • I am not sure of what kind of theory development that is being mean on this part of the question, but for me, I find high school to be an interesting one. I did go throw with this kind of development, and as I perceive it, this something deals with the most crucial stage in one’s life as a person, because this is the stage where everything is at question. A very vulnerable one that could possibly lead the student to turn their way going to a direction that they didn’t imagine it. As far as being an educator, I want to learn more about this stage through complying myself. I want to give an input in them the goodness of life to be thankful for, and give a full meaning about life by integrating it within my lesson.
  1. What are your other significant insights on the learner’s characteristics and needs?
  • The learner’s characteristics and needs come in a variety of aspect. Learners are not all the same, based on my observation; I see different kinds of kids. There were those learners who were talkative, silent, very naughty, active, loner, happy and so many things. Different side of which help me understand more that God create human in a very unique. Each has their own unique way that makes them as an individual. Their needs also differ, each kids has their own. There are those kids who are lack of skills than the others. There are those fast and slow learners, goes as well with those learners are who are far and near sighted. Student who are well able and who are not. These are those few things that should be addressed by the curriculum maker since the students are the life blood of school. There interest and giving their needs in terms of education is their rights that must met by the educator.

Preschooler on Math Session