How many Muslim has the Philippines?

***The statement that is indicated in this documents was an activities during my college years. Much further research is needed for those learners who wanted to know much more about this topic. This is a mere fragments of its totality.****

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Introduction:

The Philippines in the past few years has not yet reach its population as what we have today. The religion Islam was reduced in  numbers when the Spaniards conquered the Philippines, and the Christianity increased. Many of the Muslim people in the Luzon and Visayas had entered the religion Christianity, while Mindanao still believed in the religion Islam

Over a hundreds of years from the hands of the Spaniards, Muslim people had fought for their own rights. For about three hundred thirty three years under the power of Spaniards, Muslim people and the religion Islam stands firm. Up until American people went to the Philippines for the reasons of educating the  Filipino people, and this brought to what they called commonwealth. Since the year 1918, they’ve tried to gather some data about the Muslim people living in the Mindanao. Unfortunately, they somehow can’t get the accurate data. The decreasing of the population of Muslim was also being understood for the fact that they don’t have adequate supply causing them to look for an alternative solution to live.

This study will get you to understand the reason why Muslim people decrease their population in the year 1918 to 1939. This also include the reasons why the government can’t get the accurate data of the population in Mindanao and the year when the Christian people migrated in Mindanao.

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HISTORY BOOKS YOU MIGHT GET INTERESTED

“The Land of Promise”, this is the another term for Mindanao. But do we know its meaning and why it is called this way? Maybe, most of the readers know the reason. Nevertheless, we do know the idea that Muslim people fought for so many years and yet for some reason, the freedom that they want to attain was not achieved. Even though they struggled so much to put it in realization, still it is not attainable. Muslim people were looking for the freedom they want, fighting for the same reason and for the same cause.

American regime had caused the Philippines to know the term education, as a part of implementing rules for the governance of this country. This involves the birth of the commonwealth in the Philippines. In the year 1918, the Muslim people had to compete with Christian Filipinos who immigrated in large numbers into Mindanao during those times. This massive resettlement was continued in the post war years on a similar scale from 1946 to early sixties, and reduced proportion during last decade. For this reason, the high annual average growth of non-Muslim had increased especially in the seven provinces were Muslim settled Sulu, Lanao del Sur, Cotabato, Lanao del Norte, Zamboanga del Sur, Palawan., and Zamboanga del Norte. These seven southern provinces in Mindanao were being settled by the Non-Muslim people. One of the possible reason was due to extreme economic necessity that has forced many Maguindanao farmers to sell their lands to adventurous people from Christian communities encroachments. Some of them was forced to retreat to the interior or to migrate to a few towns that have managed to remain predominantly Muslim.

In getting the accurate data, the people who survey here in Mindanao had a tough work and they can’t get the accurate information of the population of Muslim people living in the Mindanao. There were those people who estimated the numbers of the Muslim people, and one of them was Hilario M. Gomez in 1972, who gave a figure between four and five million, or ten or twelve percent in the Manifesto of the Muslim Independence Movement of May 1, 1968. They are the same with the estimation of Alunan C. Glang. This week Sunday magazine said that two million Filipinos or eight percent of the population followed the creed of Islam out of twenty four million people living here in the Philippines. Another estimated reported in 1968 by Antonio Isidro placed the number at 2 million or 5.4 percent of the population. In other words, all the same number was just an estimation of the total number of the Muslim people settling here in Mindanao. That’s why the United Nation Hand Book of Population Census Methods did not recommend questions on religious affiliation because of inexact and incomplete replies usually obtained. This are the reason why they can’t get the accurate data:

  1. Intrinsic to the subject itself.
  2. Compounded in some Muslim areas of the Philippines because of the hostility of the inhabitants to government personnel.
  3. Disturbed conditions in many Muslim sectors in 1970, census takers apparently sometimes made extrapolations based on extremely limited survey.
  4. The mobility of the Philippines Muslim population makes it hard to determine trends of grown or decrease. This true among the one of the major groups. The Tausug, a sea-oriented people, many of whom constantly migrate from coastal settlements in Sulu and other in Borneo, Maguindanao and Palawan.
  5. Some muslim groups overstate their numbers.

Despite of these difficulties, the Bureau of the Census and Statistics will probably yield the best approximation to serve a starting  point. There were six censuses have been taken in the Philippines since 1990. They found out that 96.7% of the Muslim population of the Philippines is to be found in seven of the southern provinces.

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  1. Sulu –with 94% of its Muslim Population
  2. Lanao del Sur –with 91.3%
  3. Cotabato- with 37.3%
  4. Lanao del Norte- with 20.4%
  5. Zamboanga del Sur –with 16.5%
  6. Palawan- with 7.2%
  7. Zamboanga del Norte- 5.1%

According to the censuses , the percentage of Muslims in the total population decreased from 4.29% to 4.23% between 1918 and 1939 and to 4.11% by 1948.This decreasing trends becomes more understandable with these reasons that follows.

  1. Low of standards of public health and sanitation.
  2. Because of ignorance and malnutrition that they are susceptible to disease.

Major cause death among the young

  1. Tuberculosis
  2. Malaria
  3. High percentage of mothers dies in child birth
  4. Less than half the children born reach adulthood, most dying in their first year of life.
  5. The young are permanently weakened by disease.
  6. Their resistance to the governmental policy in the early days of American Regime. This includes that over thousand died in the battle because of opposing the policy which is the ultimate integration of the Fil-Muslim into the body of an independent Philippines.

In short, most Muslim people were lack of knowledge in the medicine. There were no or small numbers of doctors or people who had knowledge on those acquired illnesses and the medication was out of it. In the American regime, Muslim people tried to fight them just like what they had done in the years of the Spaniards but they unfortunately being beaten that causes for a thousands of people to sacrifice their lives in the battle.

The Maguindanao were the largest Philippine Muslim group and they are to be found in Cotabato. The Census of 1970 gives a total of 424,577 Muslim for the province, but Dr. Robert B. Fox set the number for that year between 360,000 and 400,00. The censuses figure would require an average annual increase of 10.8% for each of the twelve years between 1948 and 1960. This would represent an annual increase more than three times as great as that of the annual increase of 3.4% for the whole Philippines during the same twelve-year. A 10.8% annual increase become less credible when it is noted that under wartime conditions between 1939 and 1948. The Maguindanao registered an average annual decrease of  .53 of one percent. Doctor Isidro and Saber graphically portray the situation precisely for the period 1948-1960, when the Maguindanao were supposedly be growing more than three times as rapidly as the rest of the Philippines.

In addition with the census that have done by the Bureau of the Census and Statistics, a comparison of average annual rates of increase for Muslims and non-Muslims in these provinces. It may give some indication of the general trend of population and perhaps a better approximation of the real number of Muslim in the Philippines today. This comparison of trends is given in Table 1 and 2.

TABLE 1

MUSLIM AND NON-MUSLIM POPULATION

TABLE 1

TABLE 2

PERCENT CHANGE IN MUSLIM AND NON-MUSLIM POPULATION

(Growth Unless Otherwise Indicated)TABLE 2

Summary

Therefore as a conclusion, we can say that American and commonwealth regime made the Non-Muslims settle to the Mindanao which was one of the reasons why Muslim people reduced their numbers from their homeland. Gathering the accurate data of the Muslim people was very hard to take it all because of some hitches. Medications and Medical facilities are very few to their places because of lack of knowledge and very few materials that made other Muslim perished due to an illness, especially the young children. If only Muslim people were well aware about the scenario and understand the entire situation they were in, the whole thing will change. Maybe those young children who have lived and suffered might have the chance to live the life of being a child on their own.

As a part of the Muslim people living here in Mindanao, I could say that I’m proud to my ancestors because of the courage, hope and bravery they had shown to attain the victory they wanted for themselves against the Spaniards. However, I could not blame them for selling their properties just to survive.

Even though Mindanao is called as “The Land of the Promise” I could say that someday, the Muslim people in the past decades and their descendants will have the freedom that they are aiming for. From so many years of fighting and sacrificing everything for the goal they want to achieve, in God’s time, it will happen.

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Business that is ECONOMICALLY affordable, and easy to SELL!

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Why did I choose this? I don’t know to you guys, but the main reason I did choose this is that, it is economically affordable since it is already known in the market. It’s not hard to introduce it to people. If they want some testimonials and other thing they want to know, they could easily look at it from any sources. As for us, who owns a sari-sari store, it could also benefit us as most of the product in this business is something we usually buy in whole sale in order to re-sell it. In this kind of business, it is like hitting two birds with one stone.

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Coldness in thy Window

 Foggy!

From yesterday’s class, I’ve been hearing from my classmates about our hometown having a cold climate as of this time of January. I love this kind of weather so much. It’s not only because the feeling of the cold breeze of the wind but of course  that kind of feeling that makes you stay in bed for a long time, wrapping your body with blanket to feel that warmth from this coldness. That feeling of wanting a hot chocolate to make up your temperature, and while sipping this wonderful kind of drinks, it will let you remember the past. Here in this picture, I woke up at around 6:30 in the morning, and my eyes suddenly amazed with this fog outside my window. How I missed this kind of weather! I am always expecting this type of weather will come in the last week of January or February, but it did come too early. In here, you cannot almost see the sky due to the fog, the coconut tree were almost playing around up in the high, standing in the coldness of this weather held up high. Homes from a far were impossible to see with your own yes because all of them were covered up with this smokeless thing that bare a cold breeze that make your skin chills, which I love it the most.

Our City was considered as the Baguio of the South because it has the similarities with that of the real place called Baguio. Some people say that Marawi City will be a good destination for a traveler if it were being developed by the people who live here.  But to answer this query, people didn’t do so because they remain in the culture why back then. In my own opinion, changes were nice, but I guess this place will be nice if it will stay as it is, in order not to be so much polluted and so much corrupt.

I did grab the opportunity last night going back home at 8:07 in the evening alone, just to feel those feelings I did mentioned here.

Dailypost

Eid Al-adha’s Feast

                 Last Sunday, I was thinking to spend my Eid day here at Iligan City, but somehow after I gave some thought last Monday, suddenly I felt that I’d be lonely if I spend this special day only by myself. That Monday afternoon, I went home while the rain was pouring non-stop. The cars were buzzing and the road was so wet, like it does going to rain forever and everybody seems to be stuck in one place due to this rain. Back then inside the car while we were going back to Marawi City, I couldn’t help but to fell asleep. No food the whole day because I did fast (which is the 9th day of Dhul Hijja), and No sleep at all. My body was heavy.  After 45 minutes of travelling, I am thankful that I did come back home safe and sound. I directly went to my room, put on my PAJAMAS, and directly fell asleep.

                The next morning, I am very thankful that my mom woke me earlier this 4:30 in the morning. It was quite a bit noisy because every minute you’re going to hear those guns from every side, like a bazooka when it’s New Year.  This became a habit in our home town when edil fitr and edil adha’s celebrations were on sight. The people were warned about this because of fear that someone might hurt by doing so, but I guess they don’t mind these warnings since until now they are doing it. It’s their merry making I guess, which is not an Islamic practice but a tradition in one society.

                To give you an overview about this edil adha, the following text is given to the viewer for their readings:

Eid al-Adha (Arabic: عيد الأضحى‎ ʿīd al-aḍḥā, “festival of the sacrifice”), also called Feast of the Sacrifice, the Major Festival, the Greater Eid, Kurban Bayram (Turkish: Kurban Bayramı; Serbo-Croat-Bosnian: kurban-bajram), or Eid e Qurban (Persian: عید قربان‎), is an important religious holiday celebrated by Muslims worldwide to honour the willingness of the prophet Ibrahim (Abraham) to sacrifice his young first-born son Ismail (Ishmael)a as an act of submission to Allah’s command and his son’s acceptance to being sacrificed, before Allah intervened to provide Abraham with a Lamb to sacrifice instead. In the lunar Islamic calendar, Eid al-Adha falls on the 10th day of Dhu al-Hijjah and lasts for four days. In the international Gregorian calendar, the dates vary from year to year, drifting approximately 11 days earlier each year.

Eid al-Adha is the latter of the two Eid holidays, the former being Eid al-Fitr. The basis for the Eid al-Adha comes from the 196th verse of the 2nd sura of the Quran. The word “Eid” appears once in the 5th sura of the Quran, with the meaning “solemn festival”.

Like Eid al-Fitr, Eid al-Adha begins with a Sunnah prayer of two rakats followed by a sermon (khuṭbah). Eid al-Adha celebrations start after the descent of the Hajj from Mount Arafat, a hill east of Mecca. Ritual observance of the holiday lasts until sunset of the 12th day of Dhu al-Hijjah. Eid sacrifice may take place until sunset on the 13th day of Dhu al-Hijjah.  The days of Eid have been singled out in the Hadith as “days of remembrance”. The days of Tashriq are from the Fajr prayer of the 9th of Dhul Hijjah up to the Asr prayer of the 13th of Dhul Hijjah (5 days and 4 nights). This equals 23 prayers: 5 on the 9th-12th, which equal 20, and 3 on the 13th.

          So I took some pictures from this event because usually as a viewer, we always like to see captured moments:

A mother and sojn

A mother and sojn

Before the prayer start

Before the prayer start

People keep on coming

People keep on coming

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DSC08225DSC08226

Takbeer Mursal

Takbeer Mursal

Family of Four

Family of Four

A longer life for you, GrannY!

A longer life for you, GrannY!

In a far away scale

In a far away scale

Right Side Rear...still people coming at around 6:15 am

Right Side Rear…still people coming at around 6:15 am

People on my right side..

People on my right side..

On my left side!

On my left side!

Nice color..^_^

Nice color..^_^

Takbeer Mursal in Arabic

Takbeer Mursal in Arabic

Brother in ISlam

Brother in ISlam

Masha Allah! People are still on their way.

Masha Allah! People are still on their way.

Subhanallah!

Subhanallah!

Non Muslim Students watching the eid prayer

Non Muslim Students watching the eid prayer

Panoramic view

Panoramic view

Grand Father and a grandson...^_^

Grand Father and a grandson…^_^

Cute child...^_^

Cute child…^_^

looking for someone little ones?

looking for someone little ones?

After the eid sermon its time to go...^_^

After the eid sermon its time to go…^_^

Alhamdullillah! All things ends will.

Alhamdullillah! All things ends will.

charity

charity

           HAPPY BLOGGINGS!

Out for a Walk

           (October 12, 2013) Saturday afternoon, got a free time on my hand and decided to invite my niece for a walk out in the University. Upon arriving there at around 2 in the afternoon, the eerie feelings suddenly got into me. It’s been five years since I’ve been out from this threshold of this University and I did have lot of memories back in those days. There were those things that I’ve regret about and a lot of things to be thankful. I couldn’t tell each of these memories since it will gave us a lot of time going through about it. I got here and visit in this blogs of mine in order to show few pictures I did captured. This is only far from many.

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A signage from CSSH

A signage from CSSH

Path way going to golf course

Path way going to golf course

Tagaytay Version at MSU-Marawi City!

Tagaytay Version at MSU-Marawi City!

Annex Room

Annex Room

Waiting area

Waiting area

Breezy Leaves from Pine Tree

Breezy Leaves from Pine Tree

Golf area!

Golf area!

A green field!

A green field!

Golf Course!

Golf Course!

Having fun with my niece observing dates as well..LOL!

Having fun with my niece observing dates as well..LOL!

Green on windy Afternoon

Green on windy Afternoon

A school with a golf. I guess, people should utilize this field more.

A school with a golf. I guess, people should utilize this field more.

Feeling in the outskirt of a forest..

Feeling in the outskirt of a forest..

CSSLH Lobby

CSSLH Lobby

Hallway...

Hallway…

Something meet the eyes

Something meet the eyes

Relaxing in the eyes!

Relaxing in the eyes!

Going to University Book Center

Going to University Book Center

Occasionally, I plan to travel in so many places and capture a lot of new things outside my home town and the place where I am. But due to the reason of some limitations in life, I couldn’t. Maybe in my next life, I guess I will. So that’s for now.

Happy Bloggings!