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Chicken Soup for the Teacher’s Soul

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Chicken for the soul
Chicken Soup for the Teachers Soul

Lazada Philippines



My Concrete Experience

This activity will enable you to ask yourself about the different future practices or actions that you will do in teaching. You may not have done it yet, but if you become a teacher what do would be your response to each item? Your answers will identify what your philosophy of education is all about.

Answer each item in the Survey Questionnaire very honestly. There is no right nor wrong answer for each item. After you have answered each item, record your answers and look at the interpretation at the back of this work text.

After you have answered the questionnaire yourself, you are to ask two teachers to do the same activity.

Lazada Philippines

(based on Sadker & Sadker, 1998 Teachers, Schools and Society, 2nd ED)

Each of us has a philosophy of education or a set of fundamental beliefs regarding how we think schools should run. What is your philosophy of education? To find out, read each of the following statements about the nature of education. Decide whether you agree or disagree with each statement. Use the following numbers to express your response:

4 Agree Strongly                               2 Disagree

3 Agree                                                1 Disagree strongly

 FS6 E2 1


Photocopy two copies of this instrument. Request two teachers to answer the remaining questionnaire. Tabulate all the answers in the Matrix provided.

Now that you have responded to all 40 times, write the number of the response to each statement in the matrix below. Add the numbers in each column to determine your attitude and those of the two teachers toward key educational philosophies.


Among the three of you, who is more inclined to be an essentialist, perennialist, progressivist, essentialist or behaviourist?

  • I and the teacher number 1 are the one who are inclined to be more essentialists.
  • Teacher number 2 is the one who is incline to be more perennialists.
  • Teacher number 1 is the one who got the total of 30 is incline to be more progressivist.
  • I got a point of 24 which indicated that I am inclining to be an essentialist.
  • Teacher number 1 got the highest with 25 as the total score which indicates that she is inclined to be a behaviourist teacher.

My Observations

                Visit a teacher in a school and observe what school/classroom activities reflect his/her philosophy of education while she is teaching. Identify and describe teacher’s action or behaviour and match each with the identified educational philosophy.

  1. Observed actions of a teacher who is a progressivist:
  • The teacher that I could possibly site as an example in this philosophy was Ms. Rash. She is a Math teacher that applies more on examples that the students complied to answer in regards with their understanding on the subject matter. Her tactics is, after discussing the lesson, she would then write some problems at the board and later on the discussion she would call a student to answer the problem and make them explain it in front of their classmates. She is somehow trying to in calculate a critical thinking of ability in them.
  1. Observed actions of a teacher who is a behaviourist:
  • I could not totally make a 100% assumption, but the way I view it, the principal at AKIC-SLS was an example of a teacher that hold out this kind of philosophy of teaching in her. During our days of observation, I did notice that Ma’am would always state a certain students who excel in the whole high school department and uplifts their particular achievements, as well as their capabilities in us. She was very proud making some of her students to experience a change of environment through sending some of them in the United States of America as exchange students.

My Reflections

                Based on your concrete experience and the actions of the teacher you have observed, how important is your philosophy of education to your future career as a teacher? How would your experiences and observations contribute to your becoming a teacher?

  • In order to become a teacher with a vocation and mission to change something within the society. I could say, I need to do a lot of things in order to reach the part where I can confidently provide my students of those things they needed, and through experience I could possibly relate more, see more in them the kind of philosophy that could be more applicable in a certain set of students that would fit.
  • Philosophy is very important as a guide in providing a student’s a quality of learning. Teachers needed to consider the individual differences of her/his students and used the best method for them to learn, choosing a certain philosophy might direct them and motivate them to learn more on the subject matter that you would choose for them. The teachers’ priority is the teaching method and strategies that befitting for her/his students, because we are preparing them to face the reality of the world.

My Affirmed Concepts

                Identify at least three concepts learned in your previous subject like “The Teaching Profession which are related to the Experiential Learning Episode 3 (Teaching Belief/Philosophy) that are confirmed or affirmed in this activity? Enumerate.

  1. Affirmed Concept 1

That the teachers are following a certain philosophies which I believed before that teaching was something you teach kids without any of these, and now it was affirmed to me that using philosophy in teaching is a requirements to be a good teacher.

  1. Affirmed Concept2

It was affirmed to me that that the school we are observing, the teacher specifically was using a certain philosophy. One person that I affirmed who uses a progressivist was Ms. Rashidah R. Rashid, who is a Math Teacher and a graduate of education, who could totally understand what are the type of philosophy she’s going to use in applying her teaching. Since she is math teacher, she was using that mentioned philosophy in her kids since it is implying the attitude of living NOW. Her teaching is by living at the PRESENT!

  1. Affirmed Concept 3

In the surveyed questionnaire that was given to a two teachers and for me to answers, it was affirmed that everyone is entitled with their own opinion of a certain subject matter. After collecting the data, these three persons results a different sum total, which shows what kind of philosophy they are inclined to be. From different point of views in this subject matter, it can easily be seen that each of us can bring different philosophy to the students, that could possibly a causes of our own believe and idea on a certain situation. This makes every individual to be more unique.

My Future Application

                Using the first hand experiences in this activity, how will I use these when I become a teacher in the future?

  1. In teaching learning teacher needs to consider mostly what their students do need in relation to their subject matters. The application of your teaching and how you present them to a set of learners affect their interest. You have to be keener on how you will deliver as their learning is the priorities among others in education.
  1. In addressing diversity learners a teacher need to adopt and choose the kind of philosophy that is more applicable in a certain group of learners.
  1. In creating a conducive learning environment you have to look on the environment of the students. If a teacher realizes that the kinds of environment is not suitable for her learners and the methods she is using, then its time for her/him to look on the alternatives to make some changes. In regards to teaching, the teacher needs to look carefully on the “how to teach” of a certain philosophy in order to integrate it with the current environment they have.


On Becoming a Teacher

My Concrete Experience

  1. Who am I as a person? Do I have personal qualities that would make me a better teacher someday?
  2. With the use of the checklist find out your personal characteristics which would help you make become a good teacher. The qualities listed are few of the many attributes needed but the list given you would suffice.

Look into yourself very well and answer each item very honestly. All your answers are correct, so you do need to worry.


Below are indicators of personal qualities which may describe you. Place a ___ mark on the blank before each item if the indicator gits you most of the time or an ___ mark if the description does not fit you most of the time.

Chart 1
Chart 1

Number of checks in each cluster (Min-1 to Max 5)

Chart 2
Chart 2

My Observations

                Your concrete experience, enabled you to describe, what you are as a person. The qualities reflect who you are. Make a similar observation of ten active teachers in a school. Your observation will be done through a survey and will produce empirical evidences. This observation method will enhance your skills to collect data, like when you doing research.

                You will be provided with a Survey Checklist for you to produce 10 copies for your 10 respondent teachers. (They are on the last pages of this workbook). Make a proper request from these teachers who will become your respondents.

Chart 3
Chart 3

The Observed Information


  1. To get the average, add the scores of the ten teachers and divide by 10.
  2. Look at the legend in your own checklist, and determine the description of the average.

Study the results.



  1. Which of the twelve attributes is the highest among the teachers?
  • Among the 12 attributes, buoyancy is the one that excel from among the high description with point one as a difference.
  1. Which of the twelve attributes is the lowest among the teachers?
  • The self-confidence is having the lowest among the 12 with 3.5 as an average.
  1. How many teachers are low in emotional stability?
  • Teacher Number 3 was the only one who has the lowest grade in terms of emotional stability.
  1. How many teachers are high in compassion?
  • Most of the teachers already reach the very high in compassion; meanwhile two of them didn’t reach that peek.
  1. What six attributes are found to be strong among the teachers?
  • Based on the Average of the whole attributes these six attributes are buoyancy, objectiveness, compassion, emotional stability, refinement and comparativeness with a tie total with that of Reliability
  1. What six attributes are found to be weal among the teachers?
  • As the opposite answer in number seven, these six attributes with a weak average are the self-confidence, self-motivation, intelligence, pleasantness, and comparativeness as well reliability can also be consider as one of them.
  1. What interesting observations can you spot from the other data not asked?
  • The cooperativeness in answering the questionnaire makes me so thankful to the teachers who answered it wilfully.
  • Happy. This is the one factor that I could consider that would bring your class in a good atmosphere and soothing for learning because learners drawn with this kind of aura.

Use the information from your personal results and those of the ten teachers in making your reflections that follow.

My Reflections

                After studying the results of your teacher survey, write down your reflection on the following situations reported to have happened in the school setting.

  1. Why are some teachers reported to have bumped a learner’s head on the wall or made a child swallow scratch paper or pencil filings? What attribute do you think is low for this teacher?
  • Emotional Stability. Based on the checklist under this attribute, it is all stated there the things that relates with a teacher’s temper. Once a teacher doesn’t have this kind of trait, they tend to do this without thinking too much. We cannot avoid losing our temper in some action as a person, but the thing is, we need to place them in an appropriate place. For this reason, a teacher should act and be more or less a mother that can stop their children without putting them in too much pressure. They are a child, making them swallow scratch paper or pencil filings as form of punishment will just make them loose their confidence that would affect them in the future.
  1. Why do you think some teachers are better loved by students than others?
  • In order to attract students, you need to have a heart and a certain attitude that would attract them. From among the attributes, I would say a teacher need to reach a high level of COMPASSION and OBJECTIVENESS. As a teacher you need to be at your best at anytime, you need to have happy disposition and appreciate students within your class. A Happy disposition can attract people, and this is also applicable with the students. One said that children are the best one to sense the feeling of others around them. So giving them an atmosphere that give them an ease, and learn the meaning of positive living will give them a boost to make their life in a better. A better influence will also be spread to the students, who will be drawn by this kind of feeling. As a teacher, you need to be more objective. Treating a certain situation in fairness is a must, in order for them to feel of being judged fairly, and will not lose their confidence in a certain situation. Children also need to be brought up in a way that they could learn a high value of fairness, and to whom they could look up to this aside from their parents? Their teacher.
  1. If you were to choose, which personal attributes should all teachers possess? Why?
  • I would say, a teacher should have a compassion, emotional stability, and self confidence. A teacher should have a heart. What’s good of having a brain with the heart that is full of nothingness? We, human are very expressive people towards other person. This is the reason why s/he needs to reach them through kindness, and our heart needs to function in a way that could understand the human heart. In the future, we need some people who need to spread love around the people, kindness towards others and a teacher could teach that to the students. A self restrain is needed in order to reach what we want for others. Unselfishness is also a must, so anger should be put in the appropriate situation. To act kindness and the courage to control your anger, self confidence is a must. Doubting once self of acting goodness to other is a toxic why of thinking. Confidence is needed in order to implement an effective teaching to ones’ students.

My Affirmed Concepts

                After reflecting on this episode and recalling my previous subjects, I have realized that there are several concepts in the teaching profession about personal attributes. I learned that has been affirmed and confirmed, examples of which are given below:

  1. When I was a student, I look up for those teachers who taught me as someone to be always prepared, and that they are the same from inside the classroom and outside, but it was not. From this experience alone, I did observe a teacher who was very different when she handled the class from the way she acted outside. This teacher holds out a humble and weak personality outside the class as I perceive it, but when she is inside the room, she is boosting with confidence. Her teaching style is very admirable since she can hide those weaknesses when she is in front of her students. As a part of the attitudes, this self-confidence is important enough in delivering your lesson to your students in order for them to be drawn by your teaching skill. I did realize this part after observing this certain teacher, which I really appreciate the way she handle herself in front of many learners and made me think of how this thing is important.
  1. There was an instant where a teacher suddenly called out those noisy kids inside the classroom and let them ask to go outside at the school were we currently observing. This teacher does this as punishment for those noisy kids. I didn’t experienced this when I was a student myself, but I did observe this kind of treatment from a teacher back then, who uses this style to punish them. Sometimes, there are those students who really are noisy, even how a teacher disciplined and warned them, they just do it. I could not blame the teacher for doing this like of punishment due to the reason that they can no longer handle this kind of attitude in class. Adopting this kind of punishment is better than hitting the kids with eraser nor making them ate some pencil filing to make this shut,

My Future Application

                Using what I have learned in this episode, when I become a teacher, I should learn some of this attributes in order to implement this to my students. If God’s well that I’ll be a lecturer to some learners, I would like to learn this attributes and have a restrain factor with my temper when I become one. One thing that I have learned from this episode is that, teaching should have a heart. Teaching doesn’t only mean just teaching, but it is further than this kind of thing. It made me understand the real meaning of being a teacher is to have a good value within thy self as a teacher. In this way, I became more aware of what are the things I should do for myself that would be applied to my students. Starting on this day, I need to have a self evaluation, and consider this attributes to be enhanced as I go along with this line of profession. In the near future, I would love to teach kids and make them realize of those beautiful things in this world, and become more positive in life. Fate will bring us all to the places where we should be, and I am praying to Allah (swt) that if this is good for me, hope He will fulfill my desire to help myself and become a tool for a change through imparting knowledge to the young ones.

Learning Assessment Strategies

This post is based on my field study that I did conduct last three months for the year 2014. You may seem not to approve some of this idea, but please correct me if I am wrong. Most of the things contain here were based on my own opinion. I am very welcome to some ideas that you may share on this subject matter. Thank you and hope it will be a help for those people in search for the same studies.

My Tools

                As I observe a class, I will use the Observation Sheet for a more focused observation.


Principles of Learning Assessment Teaching Behavior of the Teacher/Learning Behavior of the Learner as Proof of the Application of the Principle of Learning
  1. Assessment is an integral part of the teaching learning process.


The Teacher gave out a quiz to her students worth 20 points on Basic Geometry Figure and Angles.
  1. Assessment tool/activity should match with performance objective.


The tool that was being used by the teacher was an objective test that blends in with the students’ performance.
  1. The results of assessment must be fed back to the learners.


After the quiz, the teacher let the students check the papers of their fellow classmate, and right after that, was being returned in order for the students to see their score.
  1. Teachers must consider learners’ learning styles and multiple intelligences and so must come up with a variety of ways of assessing learning.


While the teacher was giving out the answers to the students, she was also asking them orally before she explains them that answer to that certain question.
  1. Give some positive feedback along with not so good ones.


The teacher gave out a positive feedback to those students who get good grades and advice those students who didn’t do well to study more.
  1. Emphasize on self assessment.


Upon seeing the scores of each student themselves, they will now realize if they did study will or not. As for the result of the test, the teacher can identify her teaching if she did will or not.
  1. Assessment of learning should never be used as punishment or as disciplinary measure.


The Teacher’s test was not for punishment or as a disciplinary one. A verification whether the student study their lesson or not.
  1. Emphasize on real world application that favors realistic performances over out-of-context drills.


Applicable in the real world, because they will use this basic geometry figures and angles when they go on with their studies and apply it when measuring of shapes are involved.
  1. Results of learning assessment must be communicated regularly to parents.


The teacher did mention that as much as she is capable of. She is indeed letting their parents know their status on their grades.


Principles of Learning Assessment Teaching Behavior of the Teacher/Learning Behavior of the Learner as Proof of the Application of the Principle of Learning
  1. Assessment is an integral part of the teaching learning process.


The teacher gave out their tentative score, and the result of their assignment for them to verify within their self if the student themselves did their best.
  1. Assessment tool/activity should match with performance objective.


The teacher used assignment in order to assist if the students were doing their homework, and mostly they did. However, this type of assessment is not guaranteed.
  1. The results of assessment must be fed back to the learners.


The teacher handed out the students’ assignment together with their score, as well as their tentative score from their exams.
  1. Teachers must consider learners’ learning styles and multiple intelligences and so must come up with a variety of ways of assessing learning.


That time, the teacher handed them down the result of their assignment and exam results.
  1. Give some positive feedback along with not so good ones.


The teacher didn’t give out any feedback to the students’ result. She just gave the result without saying anything.
  1. Emphasize on self assessment.


Without the feedback from the teacher, the learners are now the one to assess themselves either they do good or not.
  1. Assessment of learning should never be used as punishment or as disciplinary measure.


The teacher somehow doesn’t apply this harsh assessment for the student. It is more on academically.
  1. Emphasize on real world application that favors realistic performances over out-of-context drills.


Since they are in electromagnetic as a topic, they can apply this drill when the students were curious about a certain situation that relates with this topic.
  1. Results of learning assessment must be communicated regularly to parents.


The teacher ask the students to hand out a 1/8 sheet of paper with the student’s name on it, in order for her to write their tentative score and give to their respective parents for them to see.


Principles of Learning Assessment Teaching Behavior of the Teacher/Learning Behavior of the Learner as Proof of the Application of the Principle of Learning
  1. Assessment is an integral part of the teaching learning process.


The teacher let the student participate in solving problem, making her aware the effectively of her teaching from her students.
  1. Assessment tool/activity should match with performance objective.


The teacher used oral recitations in solving the problem in front of the class that coincide with her tools.
  1. The results of assessment must be fed back to the learners.


Some students didn’t do well, coming up with a wrong answer, making that certain student to be aware to study the lesson more.
  1. Teachers must consider learners’ learning styles and multiple intelligences and so must come up with a variety of ways of assessing learning.


The teacher was driven by her motivation to teach her students, aiming for the student to be more confident and given an ease atmosphere for everyone while answering the problem.
  1. Give some positive feedback along with not so good ones.


The teacher was giving a complement to those students who answered correctly. For those who didn’t do well were given an encouragement to try again from the teacher herself.
  1. Emphasize on self assessment.


The learners’ reaction of being participative mood is an indication that they understand the lesson that was being taught to them by her.
  1. Assessment of learning should never be used as punishment or as disciplinary measure.


The teacher didn’t give the solving problem and letting them to discuss it as a form of punishment, but a review for the upcoming exam. The activity was beneficial for the student.
  1. Emphasize on real world application that favors realistic performances over out-of-context drills.


They will need this lesson for further lessons, and can be applied in their daily life in a certain situation that needed equation, and not to be ignorant when they pass this kind of topic in some mathematic readings.
  1. Results of learning assessment must be communicated regularly to parents.


The teacher give the students’ assignment score, and their result of the examination in order for the kids to show it to their parents.

My Analysis

                What are the possible consequences on the teaching-learning process if each of the principles are not observed.

Principles of Learning Assessment Possible Consequences if Principle NOT Observed
1         Assessment is an integral part of the teaching learning process. Teacher won’t know if his/her students are learning well from his/her class.
2         Assessment tool/activity should match with performance objective. The objective of the learning will not meet if the activity/tool didn’t match. The learning objective will be useless, and more confusion for the students.
3         The results of assessment must be fed back to the learners. If this won’t be applied, the learners will assume everything, and therefore there is no room for their realization of doing better in class.
4         Teachers must consider learners’ learning styles and multiple intelligences and so must come up with a variety of ways of assessing learning. It will be unfair for those students who don’t have fast learning skills. Also, students will not develop and enhanced in their respective skills.
5         Give some positive feedback along with not so good ones. If a teacher won’t give a positive feedback the students desire to learn will not raise up.
6         Emphasize on self assessment.


If there is no self-assessment, then there is no room for advance learning.
7         Assessment of learning should never be used as punishment or as disciplinary measure. The learners will develop fear in the class; some student will be forced out of their will. Learning is not about coercing!
8         Emphasize on real world application that favors realistic performances over out-of-context drills. The expectation of the student will not meet. Learners definitely wanted to know if this thing will be useful or not, if it is, learning on their part will be excitement. Higher thinking skills will not be enhanced.
9         Results of learning assessment must be communicated regularly to parents. The parent will assume that their child is doing great at their school. No advice that will come out for them for their child and it will be unfair to them. No transparency and accountability to reflect on.

   My Reflections

                As a student, do I remember any incident when any of these principles was/were violated by my teachers? How did it affect my classmates and me?

  • Yes, there were some. As far as I remember, there was that one instances where in, we as a students were very noisy, the teacher can’t help it but to reach her temper in a maximum level, and out of her irritation, she gave us a quiz as a form of punishment on our part. In this, she violated the number 7 principle “Assessment of learning should never be used as punishment or as disciplinary measure.”

My Portfolio

                Present the principles of assessment of learning in a very creative way.

A-Assessment is a very important in integral part of learning.

S– School should be more aware of this part and not fall in a

S– Substandard way of learning that students aren’t that learning more.

E-Equip the students thoroughly in realizing their dreams.

S-Students are the holder of the future.

S-Self-assessment on their part will increase their thinking, analyzing, and evaluating abilities.

M-Maximum awareness for the teacher is highly needed for their learners.

E– Ensure that the best tool and knowledge is equipped by the students.

N-Note that their interest is the highly concern.

T-Teachers are the captain in building their future.

O-Observation from the administrator is needed.

F-Facts are not always on written words but also through observation.

L– Learn to be more appreciative.

E-Enhancing the students’ knowledge and skills are valuable.

A-Apply the most high caliber teaching for the learners.

R-Result of your teaching as a teacher is the future you can see.

N-Notice every single mistake you can observe and correct them with most appropriate judgment.

I-Instruct the students in a well mannered

N-Never give up on your student!

G-Go with being positive, that future will hold a better people!


This post is based on my field study that I did conduct last three months for the year 2014. You may seem not to approve some of this idea, but please correct me if I am wrong. Most of the things contain here were based on my own opinion. I am very welcome to some ideas that you may share on this subject matter. Thank you and hope it will be a help for those people in search for the same studies.

My Map

                To reach my target, I should do these steps:

  1. Observe a class.
  2. Identify the curriculum design used by schools.
  3. Reflect and write my insights/learning gained from the activities.

My Tools                            

                A curriculum can be organized either horizontally or vertically. Write samples of them on the illustrations.


Sample Activities

TASK 1: Listen to the text. Take note of examples of intolerance discrimination and prejudice.

TASK 2: Recall the bases of evaluating the relevance and validity of ideas.

  1. Your personal observation or experience
  2. Personal interviews with knowledgeable person or authoritative sources
  3. Current publications and other reference materials.

TASK 3: Do you agree that…(Ask the student to explain his/her answer.

  1. “One reason fights are started is that one person cannot let another be different.”
  2. “We do not carry much of the prejudice and discrimination of yesteryears.”
  3. “Today we have become tolerant of others.”



1st year Grammar: Use indirect discourse to report request to commands and advice.


  • Divide the class into small groups and have them give the advice, commands or requests they would give or make in these situation (direct discourse). The other groups are to give in reported speech what was said.
  • Transformation drill on direct and indirect discourse (Imperatives: requests, commands, advice) in problem situations.

2nd year Grammar: Direct and reported Speech Giving Instructions, Commands, Request.

Activities: Transform the following direct statements to reported statements.

 3rd years Grammar: Give and follow instructions using direct and reported speech.

Activities: Round table discussion about agreeing and disagreeing in a given topic.

4th year Grammar:

  1. Make requests, commands using indirect speech.
  2. Give an advice and get things done using reported speech.


  • Changing Imperatives from direct to indirect discourse
  • Giving advice and instructions to get things done.

A spiral concept of the curriculum provides for both horizontal (widening of knowledge) and vertical (deepening of knowledge) aspects of the curriculum design simultaneously. The figure below shows the concept of horizontal and vertical articulation from preschool to adult.


My Analysis

  1. Examine the Basic Education Curriculum. What aspect do you want to modify. Why?
  • The Basic Education Curriculum that was mentioned from the facts that I did read contains a very concise and direct way of handling students in relation to their own learning, it almost cover all aspect of developing the kids into a rightful citizen of the Philippines. However, from all that details given in the said curriculum, I guess there is something that should be addressed that I want it to be modified in this kind of curriculum. I wanted to give an indication on the objective of this curriculum. I would like to add and give a big importance on the spiritual aspect of the students. Since, I am a Muslim born, and my knowledge in relation to my religion is not wide enough, and for this reason there is lacking in me that taught me the importance of God in our life. In the part of the students, while they are young it is an opportunity to teach them religion in a high regard and integrate it with every lesson.
  1. What curriculum models do you prefer? Why?
  • From the three designs that were mentioned in the book, I prefer Problem-Centered Design, which draws on social problems, needs, interest and abilities of the learners. I love to implement this kind of design in a certain curriculum because of its salient feature that tries to let the students’ abilities blossom into a full realization. Students today don’t like to spoon feeding type of learning; they want challenges in a certain manner, something new that they can set their motivation on. Creating such atmosphere will give them a boost to realize their realization on a certain act. Through this kind of curriculum, the learner will be totally introduce to a more real life situation that will not caught unprepared in the future they want partake.

My Reflections/ My Insights


 My Portfolio

Make an illustration of any of the three curriculum design models. Be sure to incorporate the salient features of the design.

The multimedia-oriented Problem-Based Learning curriculum model



This post is based on my field study that I did conduct last three months for the year 2014. You may seem not to approve some of this idea, but please correct me if I am wrong. Most of the things contain here were based on my own opinion. I am very welcome to some ideas that you may share on this subject matter. Thank you and hope it will be a help for those people in search for the same studies.

My Map

For this concept, go through the following steps.

  1. Interview a school administrator / faculty about how they concertize their school’s vision and goals into the curriculum.
  2. Visit a school and find out how they attain the aims of elementary, secondary and tertiary education.
  3. Interview one or two students and ask them their school’s vision / mission.
  4. Record the different methods. Strategies that they employed to attain their school’s objectives

My Tools

                For this Episode, visit a school / university or get a copy of the school brochure. Copy the school / university’s vision, mission and goals on this page.


A Globally Competitive Institution of Higher Learning. Distinguished by its commitment to the total development of man through quality education. Islamic values and Advance learning concepts, methods and systems.


 The RC-AL Khwarizmi International College shall provide high quality of advance, professional and technical education to Muslims and other youths in the Philippines thereby serving as a catalyst of Development of the Muslim Communities especially in the ARMM through instruction research and extension services.

My Analysis

  1. How important is the school’s vision, mission, and goals in designing the curriculum?
  • In human life, a goal/plan should be created in order to have his/her guide on how her/his life supposed to be or how s/he wants it to be. A curriculum should be in the same status. An objective is needed in order to direct the change in behaviour of the students which is the aim of learning, to change a person to a better citizen. A curriculum should entail this, and in order to create a path for a certain objective, they need to create a vision that redirects the institutions would be like to be in the future. A mission that aims the student on what they will become after being educated, and a goal that tends to set the intents of those things to be accomplished.
  1. What methods and strategies were employed by the school community to realize these goals?
  • As per observed at their institution, they are providing all the necessities that the students needs, for them to learn in an ease environment. Other than this, they mostly employed teachers who are highly qualified and well motivated to teach the learner what they supposed to know. The administrators were also doing as much as they could to communicate some educators outside the Philippine in order to send the highly qualified students to the United States of America to learn more. In terms of their students, they seem to be vibrant kids, full of enthusiast. Confidence can be sense from them and inside the class; they wear a brimming energy of interest in learning.
  1. How did the students manifest that they have internalized their vision, mission and goals?
  • As seen in the third year pearl, students were giving out a well mannered attitude as model students. You can sense how well they put/pose their self in a more professional way even they were just a third year student. The principal, Ms. Imelda Mamangconi was always praise this set of group for being doing well in their academic status, and it can also be seen in the observation we did see on that day. Due to excellence that they are projecting, some of them were given the opportunity to be sent in the USA to learn further.

My Reflections/My Insights

                 Curriculum is a life blood of education as I perceive as I’ve learned gradually in Educ 15s. The important aspect in learning. Upon creating this so called curriculum. Administrator of a certain school should implement their mission, vision and objective as bases in making/creating good curriculum. The administrators have this responsibility in developing such matter because they are dealing with the interest of their learner, which could affect their whole future.

                The school that we did observe were very accommodating, and even gave us permission to roam around their premises. In AKIC-SLS, we roam around in order to observe how they put this VISION, MISSION and GOALS inside the campus, however it was kind of frustrating since it wasn’t displayed anywhere the outskirt of the school except inside the learners’ classroom. So far we indeed observe three sections from elementary and secondary level. Two of the room namely Grade VI and 3rd year level display’s the VISION and MISSION inside the room as a part of their decoration inside the room. However, the display of VISION and MISSION are highly advice to place these aspects about the school inside the premises of the campus in order to be transparent to its reader especially for those parents. Furthermore, the school should as well put the GOAL/OBJECTIVE inside the campus and in the classroom. This school failed to implement this important aspect in promoting the school, as well as instilling to the young minds of their children for guidance throughout their school life.

Look Deeper into the Concepts, Nature and Purposes of the Curriculum

This post is based on my field study that I did conduct last three months for the year 2014. You may seem not to approve some of this idea, but please correct me if I am wrong. Most of the things contain here were based on my own opinion. I am very welcome to some ideas that you may share on this subject matter. Thank you and hope it will be a help for those people in search for the same studies.

My Enriching Activities

If you are to design a curriculum for your own school, what are the things you need to consider? Accomplish the graphic organizer below.


My Analysis

  1. Why do we need to consider the traditional and progressive points of view of curriculum?
  • As a part in learning, we need to consider tradition and progressive point of view of curriculum since it is being used mostly inside the school. If we are going to observe a certain class identifying what can kind of teaching a teacher’s act, we can easily determined what kind of curriculum he/she is using. Through this, we can easily understand the meaning of this two, and upon applying this, we can easily tell which is more effective in student’s learning.
  1. How do the different educational philosophies relate to the curriculum in the schools you visited? Cite examples /situations?
  • The educational philosophy is a very important in the curriculum in the schools because it gives guide for the curriculum of the school to follow. Without a philosophy seems to be like an empty shell. These philosophies become the “window” to the world and “compass” in life. These can be determined as the blue print of a certain teacher or in the curriculum as a whole in the school.
  1. Why is there a need to revise the curriculum from time to time?

  • There is a need to revise the curriculum from time to time because society’s values and needs change over time. In the fast movement of the world today, every interest of every child is shifting or evolving as the times moves. The need of our society is becoming more demanding more than the previous years. Let site an example, during the 1950s, there was lot more emphasis on the home economics and industrial arts type of things, more emphasis on simply memorizing facts and rules. Nowadays, with technology shifts, and an economy that is base on different skills, if we had the same curriculum, it would be a catastrophe. Curricula have changed to meet the different needs that we have now.

My Reflections /My Insights

                After interviewing a faculty of a school, and searched about these two kinds of curriculum, I could say that both of this two are very different when it is applied. Mostly, in our changing world today, students are becoming more innovative. They want to participate, give their opinion on a certain subject, try different experiences, and do a lot more. A mere traditional curriculum will not simply give them the edge of doing what they expect to fulfil while they are in school.

There is that certain school that students were somehow complaining due to this traditional curriculum. They’ve mentioned that this academic curriculum was dreary as well as remote. According also to them, they were exposed to a situation of listening to recitations only. Lead discussions were a nightmare. Simply it is kind a boring type of learning for them.

However, on the progressive curriculum, it is a type of curriculum accompanied a practical type of education that was even more pleasant as well as interesting in the students. A type of curriculum that was in a position to offer education that was centred to the interest of the child. They find this more interesting since they could voice out what they intended to share. Being facilitated by the teachers, the students can do the task in accordance with their own likings. They can learn more through application. From this testimony, we can assume that many of students now are truly evolving, and administrative schools either public or private need to cope up with these changes.

Technology in the Learning Environment

My Map

                With a lot of reflective thinking coupled with your creativity, you can design hand-outs that will truly work well to make the learning effective. You will see that preparing hand-outs is not just any paper work. When you produce high quality hand-outs and eventually try them out, you will discover that, indeed, paper works! To reach your target, follow the steps below.

 1. Prepare handouts for a selected topic (ie. Flowcharts, schema, graphic organizers

2. Describe your hand outs.

3. Present it to your FS teacher before reproducing it.

As you prepare your hand outs, use the activity form below.

Hand-out Planning Guide
  1. What topic do I like to work on?
  2. For what grade or year level is my hand out?
  3. What components do include in my outline?
  4. What type of graphic organizers/flow-charts/schemas do I need to use?
  5. What references do I use?


Subject Matter: The Great Three Wars in the 20th Century

Grade/Year Level : Fourth Year Level

I will show the students a 1 or 2 minutes video clip that will show the importance of history as to give them the curiosity on the topic is going to be discussed for the day.


I-                    SUBJECT MATTER


  1. FIRST WORLD WAR (1914-1918)
  1. SECOND WORLD WAR (1939-1945)
  1. COLD WAR (1947-1989)

II-                  ORAL RECITATION

III-                PLAYING GAMES

IV-               Assignments

Type of Graphic Organizers/flow-chart/schema to use

  • I’ll be using a PowerPoint, and Short Movie Clip for the students to understand it will about my lesson on that day. It will be presented to them chronological in accordance with the events.

International Relations (Conflict and Cooperation at the Turn of the 21st Century)       Pages:        42-51

By Conway W. Henderson

 My Analysis

After working on your handout, answer the following questions:

What are the good features of a handout?

  • There are so many so many ways that this hand outs could give out a good features in relations to one’s presentation and this could summarize as follows:
  • Create a positive impression before the presentation begins
  • Ensure that the audience takes away the key ideas as intended
  • Engage people at a deeper level as they interact with the handout
  • Keep the audience’s attention focused on the subject
  • Satisfy the needs of visual learners
  • Introduce experiential material for kinesthetic learners
  • Present information at both novice and expert levels
  • Simplify and navigate complex information
  • Establish credibility
  • Present more information than can be covered in the presentation
  • Summarize and review

Which of these features are present in the handout I made?

  • Create a positive impression before the presentation begins
  • Ensure that the audience takes away the key ideas as intended
  • Satisfy the needs of visual learners
  • Summarize and review

Which features are not present in the handout I made?

  • Engage people at a deeper level as they interact with the handout
  • Simplify and navigate complex information
  • Present more information than can be covered in the presentation

My Reflections

  1. What difficulties, if any, did you encounter in making the handouts? How did you overcome them?
  • The difficult thing that I did encounter in making the handouts was when I was choosing the important facet of the subject matter to be included. It’s not about putting all the information in your hand outs, but putting the words with sense. Too much information could burn out the readers. Doing so might make them think that it is much better to give them a book instead of a handout.
  1. What tips can you give teachers regarding preparation of handouts?
  • Making a hand outs is very important in order to give the teachers and the learners a guide that they could follow while the class is ongoing. Making an outline in relation to this will benefit the teacher to follow a certain topic in sequence because without it, a teacher might discuss or present the subject matter in a way that might lead to non- sequential arrangement of the topic that could lead to confusion on the part of the learners.

My Portfolio

                Paste a copy of your hand-out here.


                A fundamental belief system concerned with the nature of society’s political, social, and economic arrangements and the role of individuals and groups within these arrangements.

Mass Ideologies and world wars

                FIRST WORLD WAR (1914-1918)

  1. Rise and Challenge of German industrial and military power.
  2. The ethnic conflicts between Germanic and Slavic Peoples
  3. The Existence of secret Alliances.

                 WOODROW WILSON

  • Making the world safe for democracy
  • Self determination
  • Democracies were peace and loving
  • 1st world war would not have happened if they played the role in decision making; Germany, Austro-Hungary, and Ottoman Turkey


  • A severe form of authoritarianism and is fairly rare, with the chief examples being Nazi Germany and the Communist Soviet Union.
  • 6 Classic Characteristic of Totalitarianism
  1. Ideology of Unquestioned Truth
  2. Single Political Party to Implement and Protect Ideology.
  3. A secret police that uses terrors
  4. Centralized Operation of the Economy.
  5. State-Owned Mass Media
  6. And the use.


  1. Democracy
  • An Ideology calls for a population to select its governmentand hold that government accountable to the peoplethrough elections
  1. Communism
  • Enamated from the writings of Karl Marx (1818-1883),a nineteenth-century socialist. Marx though history moved forward by economic forces involving class exploitation and conflict
  1. Fascism
  • A totalitarian structure, but its content in values is entirely different from that of communism.

                 SECOND WORLD WAR (1939-1945)

  • Began with Germany’s and Russia’s attack on Poland in 1939 and ended in 1945 with unconditional surrender of the German and Japanese.
  • Italy switched sides to join the Allied.
  • The Allies fought hard to win because fascism threatened not only the independence of many states but their way of life as well.


  • Western Allies brought democratic reforms to West Germany, and the United States did the same in Japan
  • Soviet Union moved energetically to spread its ideological system to eastern Europe and to East Germany and to lead their own alliance in this region to counter Western Power.

                COLD WAR (1947-1989)

  • The United States and the Soviet Union had a cool relationship long before 1917, when Lenin’s communists took control.
  • The Cold War were created an atmosphere of extreme tension and hostility. A move by either side caused fear and suspicion on the part of the other.

Technology in the Learning Environment

This post is based on my field study that I did conduct last three months for the year 2014. You may seem not to approve some of this idea, but please correct me if I am wrong. Most of the things contain here were based on my own opinion. I am very welcome to some ideas that you may share on this subject matter. Thank you and hope it will be a help for those people in search for the same studies.

My Map

To reach your target, follow the steps below

1. Decide on a specific content area

2. Find out the learning resource relevant to your topic that are available from your school/university’s learning resource center.

3.Develop a pile of teaching aids (flash cards, pictures, cut outs transparencies.

4. Organize them in box

My Tools            

                As you observe the class, use the activity forms provided for you to document your observations.

Survey Guide

  1. Are there learning resources useful for your topic in the resource center you visited?
  2. Are the available materials, appropriate for your target grade/year level?
  3. List down those that can be useful for your topic.
  4. What other materials can you make? (like flash cards, posters, cut-outs, transparencies, etc.)

An Observation 

  1. To clarify on this part, in the since that I am not yet in the teaching world or practised teaching, I will relate this question on the teacher that we did observed last February 2, 2014, whose name was ISHAQ PUNDOMA. He is a teacher on the subject matter chemistry. The teacher used Manila paper in discussing his topic in relation to LIPIDS and other science vocabulary. He used the white board as well in order to show the students on the segregation of chemicals; eg. Molecules and its division. The resource teacher utilizes the materials inside the class very well, and as of the topic he was discussing was somehow composed of the information he gathered in certain book that was advised by the school for that certain subject matter to be used, and could also be found in their own library.
  2. The materials being used was applicable for the fourth year level in the since that they are now grown up. The Manila paper that was being used as a visual was good IMs for him to use with an indication of his outline for the discussion on that day. It was easy for the student what to expect on that day and recall their past lesson. The subject matter that was being handed to them was suited to her level since it is in the curriculum of the said level.
  3. The possible that the resource teacher could use aside from visual aid, white board and black board are the following:
    1. Power Point Presentation
    2. Pictures
    3. Object that can be made out of styrophome and other materials
    4. Video/Movie
    5. Others
  4. In the discussion of Sir Pundoma, he can also use a poster, cut outs, or even utilizing their media room for the learner to be more exposed to the subject maters, where they could gain the concept in an easier way.

My Analysis

Give at least three benefits of doing a survey of available materials before making your own materials? Explain each.

  1. You’ll be far more prepared for the materials you needed, and if there were lacking in the planned materials at least you can do and have an alternative resource materials you need to use. As a teacher one need to utilize the available materials within the environment.
  2. It will not give you stress when you’re already on the day of your meeting with your class. You have at least days to prepare your materials in a well created craft.
  3. If there is a need in changing your subject matter on that day due to lackings of material, you can still have the time to do so.

My Reflections

  1. Which of the materials did you like making the most? Why?
  • In the resources that I did observed, one thing that i did really like is through using a presentation through power point. This idea came to me when I already started learning here in St. Michael’s College. As I consider, utilizing this kind of material can cause a good visual learning for the kids, since most of the kids are best in learning through seeing. Aside from this, through the given idea by the master teachers last March 8, they did given us some good ideas which we could adopt in teaching our kids in the future and one of this is the so called MNEMONIC. (Since, I am not yet in the teaching world, I could base upon what I did observed and known from the three months session from this learning.)
  1. What difficulties, if any, did you encounter in making the material? How did you overcome them?
  • Based on my realization, the hardest part in making the material is the idea on how will you present it to the students. Either they like it or not. Are they going to gain learning from this materials that I am using? Will they understand my discussion through it? These are some possible questions that suddenly popped out when I am making my own presentation to the class. On how you’re going to outline your topic based on your subject in a way that kids could get it is the hardest part since that, the way you understand things is very different from the way they understand it. This cause the teacher to think their needs and think of the possible aspect that could be more applicable to them
  1. What tips can you give teachers regarding preparation of teaching materials?
  • The simplest tips that I could give for the teachers regarding preparation of teaching materials is that, they need to prepare it ahead of time. In order to change something on the materials with allotted time if they needed to do so for the betterment of the learners’ understanding when the teacher is going to present it.

My Portfolio

Learning Resource on a Specific Content Area

                Use this graphic organizer to present the learning resource relevant to the topic chosen. On the line inside the box, indicate if the resource is already AVAILABLE, MAY BE PURCHASED, OR WILL BE MADE (by you, of course!)

TOPIC: The Great Three Wars in the 20th Century           Grade/Year LEVEL: Fourth Year Level


See and Say

This post is based on my field study that I did conduct last three months for the year 2014. You may seem not to approve some of this idea, but please correct me if I am wrong. Most of the things contain here were based on my own opinion. I am very welcome to some ideas that you may share on this subject matter. Thank you and hope it will be a help for those people in search for the same studies.

My Map

To reach your target, follow the steps below:

Step 1: Observe a class on the regular schedule.

Step 2: Note down the various teaching aids that were utilized in the teaching learning process.

Step 3: Comment on the appropriateness of the teaching aids to the learning asks.
Step 4: Reflect on your learning.

My Tools

As you observe the ckass use the activity forms provided for you to document your observations.

Class Observation Guide

Read the following statements carefully before you observe.

  1. What is the lesson about?
  2. What visual aids/materials/learning resource is the teacher using?
  3. Observe and take notes on how the teacher presents/uses the learning resources.
  4. Closely observe the learner’s response to the teacher’s use of the learning resources. Listen to their verbal responses. What do their responses indicate? Do their responses show attentiveness, eagerness and understanding?

Focus on their non-verbal responses. Are they learning forward showing their interest on the lesson and the materials? Are they looking towards the direction of the teacher and the materials? Do their actions show attentiveness, eagerness and understanding?

Class Observation

Preschooler on Learning Side
Preschooler on Learning Side

For a couple of Sundays, I and my co-classmates did observed classes from different grade levels. It was kind enough that Ma’am Imelda Mamangconi, the Principal of AKIC-SLS was very accommodating towards our observation at their school. On this regard, I am indeed choosing the preschooler as my area of observation on this episode of FS 3 due to so many reasons.

                Every classes has their own way of Instructional Materials, and they indeed show a different kinds of IMs, but what I am amazed the most was the preschoolers’ Instructional Materials. They have this colourful class that you can almost see different colour from different areas from their classroom. If I could compare them from the higher level, theirs were the most outstanding than any other. Perhaps, this is due to their standing point as a new learner, which most of what they encounter is very new to them. Preschoolers have the most sensitive senses among the learners, and they still need a lot of things in order to understand some of their environment. In order to introduce this to them, teachers are required to show them what is attracting for the children in a more fun, colourful and innovative way.

                The class I did observed last February 16, 2014 was a senior kindergarten section Saturn. When I did enter to their classroom, I did ask a permission from the assistant teacher named Rahman Abdullah, a graduate of MSU-Main with a course of AB-Filipino. I told her that I was given consent from the principal to observe their classes, with a warm welcome, she indeed let me in inside their rooms and to my surprise I just “wow” myself from those things that were being displayed inside their room. Upon entering, everybody of them greeted me with a loud voice and an additional charming coming from the children. Below this are some pictures of Instructional materials within the class the I did gathered:

                 I’ll be enumerating some of their set Instructional Materials Inside. Let me have first the teacher, for they are a best IM for the learners. The Section that I did go to was under Ms. Norjannah K. Hadji Ali, the coordinator of the preschooler department. The teacher there was then their Arabic teacher. As she started her class, she did give out a loud and clear voice. She instructed the students to read the Arabic alphabets. All the preschoolers, obeyed as per instructed by the teacher wilfully, and as I view from the way they read, they seem to really familiarized and memorized almost all the Arabic alphabets. The teacher then gave out an activity that will ensure that the learner get the idea and learned it through instructing them to give an example of every Arabic letter that she would show to them. This answering portion was teamed up by group called: Green, Red, Yellow, and the Blue Team. To give them motivation, the teacher used the star as a way of recognizing their effort. Most of the students were really participating; some of them sometimes over do their action by giving the answer without the teacher’s permission. The way the teacher speaks was really loud and clear, which can be understood by the students well, and her projection was really good. This goes as well to the Assistant Teacher Ms. Rahma Abdullah, who gives out a very interesting friendly aura for the students, and always making herself clear.

                For those things inside the classroom, they gave out a friendly environment for the kids. The set instructional materials were very clear and colourful for the preschoolers to be more interested. There is that certain part in their classroom, where plastic boxes were in shelves. We indeed ask about this to a certain teacher about those and she mentioned that those boxes were children extra shirts and materials just in case they get their self dirty along their school days. These materials were already instructed to the parents to buy those things for their kids for the whole school year.

                Beside this boxes were a table containing some colour cups for the kids. These IMs were being used for the specific kids who like to have a different snack during their recess time. During that period, the school is providing some snacks for the kids. However, there are those kids who are very picky in relation to what they eat, so this idea were being made up in order to cater the other needs of the kids.

                After these IMs, one single computer was being set up at the back. This is used by the teacher in making their examination for the kids. All the preschoolers’ teachers were welcome to use this computer for school purposes.

                There are three tables that you can observe from this room. Two tables located at back and one table at the front. The said table located in front was table of the preschool coordinators Ms. Norjannah, and the remaining two were for the assistant teacher and a teacher.

                Next Instructional Materials to be mentioned were their activity notebooks and books. There activity notebooks can be seen in one area of the room, and this is located at the back. It can be noticed in their two coloured kinds of notebooks for every kid, an orange and the red one. Their activities books were being separated and placed in front, near the table of the teacher coordinator.

                The colour chart and letters were everywhere. They were being made creatively by the teacher for the kids to be motivated. The whole room were well ventilated and it was a light paint colour was being used inside the said classroom.

                The other IM’s that it could include in this are the table which consist of 16 tables and each table were occupied by two preschoolers. Shoe rock was also available in the said classroom. The school didn’t meet with the standard form of a classroom since they have this one single door for exit and entrance area. The black board was not your typical board for a starter, but a white board.


Arabic Lesson for the Kindergarten
Arabic Lesson for the Kindergarten


My Analysis


Grade or Year Level of Class Observed: Senior Kindergarten Section Saturn
Date of Observation: February 16, 2014
Subject Matter: Arabic, Number, and Reading
Brief Description of Teaching Approach Used by the Teacher: Directive Approach
Teaching Aids used

(Enumerate in bullet forms)







Comments on Appropriateness of the Teaching Aids used.

  • Teacher

They are well groomed, and they use a more friendly approach when they teach kids.


Teaching would not be effective when they aren’t sensitive.


I guess some teacher should learn how to be friendlier to the kids and be more compassionate to them.

  • Shoe Rock
This can teach the kids how to be more organized. Can be a destructing when it is placed inside the room. I suggest this should be placed outside the school room.
  • Chart
It can be an additional learning for the curiosity of the kids. Lack of organization. Chart should be well organized in a manner that the kids would get their attention.
  • English & Arabic Alphabets
It helps for the familiarization skills of the kids in relation to alphabets Can’t see its weakness. Visibly clear for the kids to see in a far distance.
  • Computer
This helps the kid’s examination to be readable through the use of its font, and can be used in preparing things for the kids. The computer they have should be placed in a safer area. It would be nice if the computer can also use a decoration that could blend in with the atmosphere in class.
  • Table
This gives a proper place for the teacher to work on their needs for their kids. Too much things on top of the table. The teacher is a model. Somehow, he/she has an obligation to clean her table up as a proper way of showing the kids of being an organized adult.
  • Activity Notebooks
This helps the kids to collect their portfolio in a more colourful way. Can’t see any weakness Their IMS in this was good since it helps the kids to recognize their needed activities for that certain issue.
  • Activity Books
Same with the Notebooks. This helps the kids to get the answer in a more clear view. Can’t see any weakness. This book should place together with the notebook in one place.
  • Hygiene Box
It helps to keep the cleanliness of a child. The box should always be monitored for lacking materials. The school gave out a good idea in addressing the individual needs of the kids.
  • Coloured Cups
It caters the other needs of the kids when recess takes over. The cups should be covered. Kids should be protected even in those things they are using. The school gave out an alternative supplies for the kids’ needs.
  • White Blackboard
Easier for the educator to teach the kids using them. It is kind of advance. Not be fitting for the preschoolers. The IM’s for the kids could be great if they use a board with lines.
  • Wall Paper
Gives an attraction for the kids. Too many colours It would be nice if they used a fixed colour.
  • Ventilation
It is well light up. Can’t see any weakness. For the reason that they are much closed door. They need to avail an extra light in case of brownout while the lesson is in session.

My Analysis

What do you think prompted the teacher to choose the material/learning resources that she/he used?

      In view of the fact that the teachers were dealing kids, I guess they prompted their self to use a more creative way of making their class room colourful and full of different kinds of learning chart. This is in consideration that kids love brighter things that their eyes can set on. Teachers were also being innovative in thinking other alternatives that could possibly cater the other kids’ needs on hand.

What difficulties, if any, did the teacher experience? How can this be managed?

      The assistant once told me a certain difficulties that preschool teachers can encounter and one of this is when the kids started their first day of classes. At first, they were very vulnerable, some of them would run to their parents nor would cry because of some unfamiliar faces that surrounds them. This gives a hard time for the teachers, and they are complied to sort this out through thinking how to get that fear from the kids of going out and go to school. Furthermore, when the kids goes to school some of them don’t have any idea of doing a certain basic action like how to toothbrush their teeth, what to do when they are at the comfort and so many things. This leads for the teacher to nurse them, and teach them the appropriate action that needs to be done on that certain deed.

Over-all, were the learning resources/materials used effectively? Why? Why not?

      Yes, I could say they are effective. The way I did observed the kids were very lively at their room. In relation to their portfolios and their needs, they know what to use and where to get it. Based on their Arabic lesson that day, they seem to understand and familiarize will enough about their Arabic lesson. They are very enthusiastically giving out a chorus answer which I could determine it as a sign of learned lesson on their part. They seem to be diligent enough about the things that surround them. In their Math lesson, the kids even has the ability to recognize months, and days during their lecture, and this might be thanks to their IMs of months and days that were being displayed in front of them. I wouldn’t say it isn’t effective since it is far more obvious the way the children lively cooperating with their teachers. The educator themselves really do know how to handle them, and even give some thoughts about giving them an extra tender, loving, care for the kids.

My Reflections

  1. Put yourself in the place of the teacher. What you do similarly and what would you do differently if you would teach the same lesson to the same group of students? Why?

      I would probably do the same like teaching them the appropriate manner of doing things, teach them with loud and clear voice, and be friendlier with them. I do also need to stabilize balance instructional materials inside the classroom. Nevertheless, I will probably need to address more activities that would highly need participation from everyone in the classroom.

When I was a student, I was the silent type, but as the time goes on I do realize that guts or self confidence is the most important aspect in one’s career and this thing is something that I want to cultivate from the students to be enhanced. In addition for the preschooler, if there will be a waiting time for them, I would highly recommend telling them stories as to use the time of their waiting into developing their creativity or should we easy imaginary skills at the young age.

My Portfolio

                Include here pictures/Illustration of the materials used by the teacher. Put your comments/annotation about that you observed.

The following pictures are the things being set up or used by the preschooler teacher as materials inside their classroom.

Preschooler at rest
Preschooler at rest

Using a white board inside the classroom can be treated as a good way of using it as an instructional material since it is easy, clear and not messy kind thing to use. However, the only defect in this regard is that preschooler are a beginner, I guess it would be appropriate to introduce the basic, a blackboard with line. This would give them the idea about the importance of writing in an appropriate manner through making it up straight which they can reflect it on their pads.


Using imagery in learning as your instructional material is a best way to teach kids because, they like images. This kind of IM would exceed if the instructor put some colours in her output.

Inside the Classroom
Inside the Classroom

This is my first time to enter a preschooler classroom, and I could say it is an impressive one since most of the kids’ needs were already being set up in there.

Wider range for kids!
Wider range for kids!

This section has a wider room compared to the other section which I guess exceed from the standard room of a certain classroom.

Math Learning for Kids
Math Learning for Kids

The assistant teacher was using colourful materials as to teach the kids on how to use time and calendar.

Activity Notebooks
Activity Notebooks

Activity notebooks that the kids used during their activity at a certain period. These things were located at back of their room.

Chart Display
Chart Display

                The teacher also considers putting some good material of chart that could teach the kids appropriately in relation to some good habits.