Tag Archives: Mentors

Look Deeper into the Concepts, Nature and Purposes of the Curriculum

This post is based on my field study that I did conduct last three months for the year 2014. You may seem not to approve some of this idea, but please correct me if I am wrong. Most of the things contain here were based on my own opinion. I am very welcome to some ideas that you may share on this subject matter. Thank you and hope it will be a help for those people in search for the same studies.

My Enriching Activities

If you are to design a curriculum for your own school, what are the things you need to consider? Accomplish the graphic organizer below.


My Analysis

  1. Why do we need to consider the traditional and progressive points of view of curriculum?
  • As a part in learning, we need to consider tradition and progressive point of view of curriculum since it is being used mostly inside the school. If we are going to observe a certain class identifying what can kind of teaching a teacher’s act, we can easily determined what kind of curriculum he/she is using. Through this, we can easily understand the meaning of this two, and upon applying this, we can easily tell which is more effective in student’s learning.
  1. How do the different educational philosophies relate to the curriculum in the schools you visited? Cite examples /situations?
  • The educational philosophy is a very important in the curriculum in the schools because it gives guide for the curriculum of the school to follow. Without a philosophy seems to be like an empty shell. These philosophies become the “window” to the world and “compass” in life. These can be determined as the blue print of a certain teacher or in the curriculum as a whole in the school.
  1. Why is there a need to revise the curriculum from time to time?

  • There is a need to revise the curriculum from time to time because society’s values and needs change over time. In the fast movement of the world today, every interest of every child is shifting or evolving as the times moves. The need of our society is becoming more demanding more than the previous years. Let site an example, during the 1950s, there was lot more emphasis on the home economics and industrial arts type of things, more emphasis on simply memorizing facts and rules. Nowadays, with technology shifts, and an economy that is base on different skills, if we had the same curriculum, it would be a catastrophe. Curricula have changed to meet the different needs that we have now.

My Reflections /My Insights

                After interviewing a faculty of a school, and searched about these two kinds of curriculum, I could say that both of this two are very different when it is applied. Mostly, in our changing world today, students are becoming more innovative. They want to participate, give their opinion on a certain subject, try different experiences, and do a lot more. A mere traditional curriculum will not simply give them the edge of doing what they expect to fulfil while they are in school.

There is that certain school that students were somehow complaining due to this traditional curriculum. They’ve mentioned that this academic curriculum was dreary as well as remote. According also to them, they were exposed to a situation of listening to recitations only. Lead discussions were a nightmare. Simply it is kind a boring type of learning for them.

However, on the progressive curriculum, it is a type of curriculum accompanied a practical type of education that was even more pleasant as well as interesting in the students. A type of curriculum that was in a position to offer education that was centred to the interest of the child. They find this more interesting since they could voice out what they intended to share. Being facilitated by the teachers, the students can do the task in accordance with their own likings. They can learn more through application. From this testimony, we can assume that many of students now are truly evolving, and administrative schools either public or private need to cope up with these changes.

Technology in the Learning Environment

My Map

                With a lot of reflective thinking coupled with your creativity, you can design hand-outs that will truly work well to make the learning effective. You will see that preparing hand-outs is not just any paper work. When you produce high quality hand-outs and eventually try them out, you will discover that, indeed, paper works! To reach your target, follow the steps below.

 1. Prepare handouts for a selected topic (ie. Flowcharts, schema, graphic organizers

2. Describe your hand outs.

3. Present it to your FS teacher before reproducing it.

As you prepare your hand outs, use the activity form below.

Hand-out Planning Guide
  1. What topic do I like to work on?
  2. For what grade or year level is my hand out?
  3. What components do include in my outline?
  4. What type of graphic organizers/flow-charts/schemas do I need to use?
  5. What references do I use?


Subject Matter: The Great Three Wars in the 20th Century

Grade/Year Level : Fourth Year Level

I will show the students a 1 or 2 minutes video clip that will show the importance of history as to give them the curiosity on the topic is going to be discussed for the day.


I-                    SUBJECT MATTER


  1. FIRST WORLD WAR (1914-1918)
  1. SECOND WORLD WAR (1939-1945)
  1. COLD WAR (1947-1989)

II-                  ORAL RECITATION

III-                PLAYING GAMES

IV-               Assignments

Type of Graphic Organizers/flow-chart/schema to use

  • I’ll be using a PowerPoint, and Short Movie Clip for the students to understand it will about my lesson on that day. It will be presented to them chronological in accordance with the events.

International Relations (Conflict and Cooperation at the Turn of the 21st Century)       Pages:        42-51

By Conway W. Henderson

 My Analysis

After working on your handout, answer the following questions:

What are the good features of a handout?

  • There are so many so many ways that this hand outs could give out a good features in relations to one’s presentation and this could summarize as follows:
  • Create a positive impression before the presentation begins
  • Ensure that the audience takes away the key ideas as intended
  • Engage people at a deeper level as they interact with the handout
  • Keep the audience’s attention focused on the subject
  • Satisfy the needs of visual learners
  • Introduce experiential material for kinesthetic learners
  • Present information at both novice and expert levels
  • Simplify and navigate complex information
  • Establish credibility
  • Present more information than can be covered in the presentation
  • Summarize and review

Which of these features are present in the handout I made?

  • Create a positive impression before the presentation begins
  • Ensure that the audience takes away the key ideas as intended
  • Satisfy the needs of visual learners
  • Summarize and review

Which features are not present in the handout I made?

  • Engage people at a deeper level as they interact with the handout
  • Simplify and navigate complex information
  • Present more information than can be covered in the presentation

My Reflections

  1. What difficulties, if any, did you encounter in making the handouts? How did you overcome them?
  • The difficult thing that I did encounter in making the handouts was when I was choosing the important facet of the subject matter to be included. It’s not about putting all the information in your hand outs, but putting the words with sense. Too much information could burn out the readers. Doing so might make them think that it is much better to give them a book instead of a handout.
  1. What tips can you give teachers regarding preparation of handouts?
  • Making a hand outs is very important in order to give the teachers and the learners a guide that they could follow while the class is ongoing. Making an outline in relation to this will benefit the teacher to follow a certain topic in sequence because without it, a teacher might discuss or present the subject matter in a way that might lead to non- sequential arrangement of the topic that could lead to confusion on the part of the learners.

My Portfolio

                Paste a copy of your hand-out here.


                A fundamental belief system concerned with the nature of society’s political, social, and economic arrangements and the role of individuals and groups within these arrangements.

Mass Ideologies and world wars

                FIRST WORLD WAR (1914-1918)

  1. Rise and Challenge of German industrial and military power.
  2. The ethnic conflicts between Germanic and Slavic Peoples
  3. The Existence of secret Alliances.

                 WOODROW WILSON

  • Making the world safe for democracy
  • Self determination
  • Democracies were peace and loving
  • 1st world war would not have happened if they played the role in decision making; Germany, Austro-Hungary, and Ottoman Turkey


  • A severe form of authoritarianism and is fairly rare, with the chief examples being Nazi Germany and the Communist Soviet Union.
  • 6 Classic Characteristic of Totalitarianism
  1. Ideology of Unquestioned Truth
  2. Single Political Party to Implement and Protect Ideology.
  3. A secret police that uses terrors
  4. Centralized Operation of the Economy.
  5. State-Owned Mass Media
  6. And the use.


  1. Democracy
  • An Ideology calls for a population to select its governmentand hold that government accountable to the peoplethrough elections
  1. Communism
  • Enamated from the writings of Karl Marx (1818-1883),a nineteenth-century socialist. Marx though history moved forward by economic forces involving class exploitation and conflict
  1. Fascism
  • A totalitarian structure, but its content in values is entirely different from that of communism.

                 SECOND WORLD WAR (1939-1945)

  • Began with Germany’s and Russia’s attack on Poland in 1939 and ended in 1945 with unconditional surrender of the German and Japanese.
  • Italy switched sides to join the Allied.
  • The Allies fought hard to win because fascism threatened not only the independence of many states but their way of life as well.


  • Western Allies brought democratic reforms to West Germany, and the United States did the same in Japan
  • Soviet Union moved energetically to spread its ideological system to eastern Europe and to East Germany and to lead their own alliance in this region to counter Western Power.

                COLD WAR (1947-1989)

  • The United States and the Soviet Union had a cool relationship long before 1917, when Lenin’s communists took control.
  • The Cold War were created an atmosphere of extreme tension and hostility. A move by either side caused fear and suspicion on the part of the other.

See and Say

This post is based on my field study that I did conduct last three months for the year 2014. You may seem not to approve some of this idea, but please correct me if I am wrong. Most of the things contain here were based on my own opinion. I am very welcome to some ideas that you may share on this subject matter. Thank you and hope it will be a help for those people in search for the same studies.

My Map

To reach your target, follow the steps below:

Step 1: Observe a class on the regular schedule.

Step 2: Note down the various teaching aids that were utilized in the teaching learning process.

Step 3: Comment on the appropriateness of the teaching aids to the learning asks.
Step 4: Reflect on your learning.

My Tools

As you observe the ckass use the activity forms provided for you to document your observations.

Class Observation Guide

Read the following statements carefully before you observe.

  1. What is the lesson about?
  2. What visual aids/materials/learning resource is the teacher using?
  3. Observe and take notes on how the teacher presents/uses the learning resources.
  4. Closely observe the learner’s response to the teacher’s use of the learning resources. Listen to their verbal responses. What do their responses indicate? Do their responses show attentiveness, eagerness and understanding?

Focus on their non-verbal responses. Are they learning forward showing their interest on the lesson and the materials? Are they looking towards the direction of the teacher and the materials? Do their actions show attentiveness, eagerness and understanding?

Class Observation

Preschooler on Learning Side
Preschooler on Learning Side

For a couple of Sundays, I and my co-classmates did observed classes from different grade levels. It was kind enough that Ma’am Imelda Mamangconi, the Principal of AKIC-SLS was very accommodating towards our observation at their school. On this regard, I am indeed choosing the preschooler as my area of observation on this episode of FS 3 due to so many reasons.

                Every classes has their own way of Instructional Materials, and they indeed show a different kinds of IMs, but what I am amazed the most was the preschoolers’ Instructional Materials. They have this colourful class that you can almost see different colour from different areas from their classroom. If I could compare them from the higher level, theirs were the most outstanding than any other. Perhaps, this is due to their standing point as a new learner, which most of what they encounter is very new to them. Preschoolers have the most sensitive senses among the learners, and they still need a lot of things in order to understand some of their environment. In order to introduce this to them, teachers are required to show them what is attracting for the children in a more fun, colourful and innovative way.

                The class I did observed last February 16, 2014 was a senior kindergarten section Saturn. When I did enter to their classroom, I did ask a permission from the assistant teacher named Rahman Abdullah, a graduate of MSU-Main with a course of AB-Filipino. I told her that I was given consent from the principal to observe their classes, with a warm welcome, she indeed let me in inside their rooms and to my surprise I just “wow” myself from those things that were being displayed inside their room. Upon entering, everybody of them greeted me with a loud voice and an additional charming coming from the children. Below this are some pictures of Instructional materials within the class the I did gathered:

                 I’ll be enumerating some of their set Instructional Materials Inside. Let me have first the teacher, for they are a best IM for the learners. The Section that I did go to was under Ms. Norjannah K. Hadji Ali, the coordinator of the preschooler department. The teacher there was then their Arabic teacher. As she started her class, she did give out a loud and clear voice. She instructed the students to read the Arabic alphabets. All the preschoolers, obeyed as per instructed by the teacher wilfully, and as I view from the way they read, they seem to really familiarized and memorized almost all the Arabic alphabets. The teacher then gave out an activity that will ensure that the learner get the idea and learned it through instructing them to give an example of every Arabic letter that she would show to them. This answering portion was teamed up by group called: Green, Red, Yellow, and the Blue Team. To give them motivation, the teacher used the star as a way of recognizing their effort. Most of the students were really participating; some of them sometimes over do their action by giving the answer without the teacher’s permission. The way the teacher speaks was really loud and clear, which can be understood by the students well, and her projection was really good. This goes as well to the Assistant Teacher Ms. Rahma Abdullah, who gives out a very interesting friendly aura for the students, and always making herself clear.

                For those things inside the classroom, they gave out a friendly environment for the kids. The set instructional materials were very clear and colourful for the preschoolers to be more interested. There is that certain part in their classroom, where plastic boxes were in shelves. We indeed ask about this to a certain teacher about those and she mentioned that those boxes were children extra shirts and materials just in case they get their self dirty along their school days. These materials were already instructed to the parents to buy those things for their kids for the whole school year.

                Beside this boxes were a table containing some colour cups for the kids. These IMs were being used for the specific kids who like to have a different snack during their recess time. During that period, the school is providing some snacks for the kids. However, there are those kids who are very picky in relation to what they eat, so this idea were being made up in order to cater the other needs of the kids.

                After these IMs, one single computer was being set up at the back. This is used by the teacher in making their examination for the kids. All the preschoolers’ teachers were welcome to use this computer for school purposes.

                There are three tables that you can observe from this room. Two tables located at back and one table at the front. The said table located in front was table of the preschool coordinators Ms. Norjannah, and the remaining two were for the assistant teacher and a teacher.

                Next Instructional Materials to be mentioned were their activity notebooks and books. There activity notebooks can be seen in one area of the room, and this is located at the back. It can be noticed in their two coloured kinds of notebooks for every kid, an orange and the red one. Their activities books were being separated and placed in front, near the table of the teacher coordinator.

                The colour chart and letters were everywhere. They were being made creatively by the teacher for the kids to be motivated. The whole room were well ventilated and it was a light paint colour was being used inside the said classroom.

                The other IM’s that it could include in this are the table which consist of 16 tables and each table were occupied by two preschoolers. Shoe rock was also available in the said classroom. The school didn’t meet with the standard form of a classroom since they have this one single door for exit and entrance area. The black board was not your typical board for a starter, but a white board.


Arabic Lesson for the Kindergarten
Arabic Lesson for the Kindergarten


My Analysis


Grade or Year Level of Class Observed: Senior Kindergarten Section Saturn
Date of Observation: February 16, 2014
Subject Matter: Arabic, Number, and Reading
Brief Description of Teaching Approach Used by the Teacher: Directive Approach
Teaching Aids used

(Enumerate in bullet forms)







Comments on Appropriateness of the Teaching Aids used.

  • Teacher

They are well groomed, and they use a more friendly approach when they teach kids.


Teaching would not be effective when they aren’t sensitive.


I guess some teacher should learn how to be friendlier to the kids and be more compassionate to them.

  • Shoe Rock
This can teach the kids how to be more organized. Can be a destructing when it is placed inside the room. I suggest this should be placed outside the school room.
  • Chart
It can be an additional learning for the curiosity of the kids. Lack of organization. Chart should be well organized in a manner that the kids would get their attention.
  • English & Arabic Alphabets
It helps for the familiarization skills of the kids in relation to alphabets Can’t see its weakness. Visibly clear for the kids to see in a far distance.
  • Computer
This helps the kid’s examination to be readable through the use of its font, and can be used in preparing things for the kids. The computer they have should be placed in a safer area. It would be nice if the computer can also use a decoration that could blend in with the atmosphere in class.
  • Table
This gives a proper place for the teacher to work on their needs for their kids. Too much things on top of the table. The teacher is a model. Somehow, he/she has an obligation to clean her table up as a proper way of showing the kids of being an organized adult.
  • Activity Notebooks
This helps the kids to collect their portfolio in a more colourful way. Can’t see any weakness Their IMS in this was good since it helps the kids to recognize their needed activities for that certain issue.
  • Activity Books
Same with the Notebooks. This helps the kids to get the answer in a more clear view. Can’t see any weakness. This book should place together with the notebook in one place.
  • Hygiene Box
It helps to keep the cleanliness of a child. The box should always be monitored for lacking materials. The school gave out a good idea in addressing the individual needs of the kids.
  • Coloured Cups
It caters the other needs of the kids when recess takes over. The cups should be covered. Kids should be protected even in those things they are using. The school gave out an alternative supplies for the kids’ needs.
  • White Blackboard
Easier for the educator to teach the kids using them. It is kind of advance. Not be fitting for the preschoolers. The IM’s for the kids could be great if they use a board with lines.
  • Wall Paper
Gives an attraction for the kids. Too many colours It would be nice if they used a fixed colour.
  • Ventilation
It is well light up. Can’t see any weakness. For the reason that they are much closed door. They need to avail an extra light in case of brownout while the lesson is in session.

My Analysis

What do you think prompted the teacher to choose the material/learning resources that she/he used?

      In view of the fact that the teachers were dealing kids, I guess they prompted their self to use a more creative way of making their class room colourful and full of different kinds of learning chart. This is in consideration that kids love brighter things that their eyes can set on. Teachers were also being innovative in thinking other alternatives that could possibly cater the other kids’ needs on hand.

What difficulties, if any, did the teacher experience? How can this be managed?

      The assistant once told me a certain difficulties that preschool teachers can encounter and one of this is when the kids started their first day of classes. At first, they were very vulnerable, some of them would run to their parents nor would cry because of some unfamiliar faces that surrounds them. This gives a hard time for the teachers, and they are complied to sort this out through thinking how to get that fear from the kids of going out and go to school. Furthermore, when the kids goes to school some of them don’t have any idea of doing a certain basic action like how to toothbrush their teeth, what to do when they are at the comfort and so many things. This leads for the teacher to nurse them, and teach them the appropriate action that needs to be done on that certain deed.

Over-all, were the learning resources/materials used effectively? Why? Why not?

      Yes, I could say they are effective. The way I did observed the kids were very lively at their room. In relation to their portfolios and their needs, they know what to use and where to get it. Based on their Arabic lesson that day, they seem to understand and familiarize will enough about their Arabic lesson. They are very enthusiastically giving out a chorus answer which I could determine it as a sign of learned lesson on their part. They seem to be diligent enough about the things that surround them. In their Math lesson, the kids even has the ability to recognize months, and days during their lecture, and this might be thanks to their IMs of months and days that were being displayed in front of them. I wouldn’t say it isn’t effective since it is far more obvious the way the children lively cooperating with their teachers. The educator themselves really do know how to handle them, and even give some thoughts about giving them an extra tender, loving, care for the kids.

My Reflections

  1. Put yourself in the place of the teacher. What you do similarly and what would you do differently if you would teach the same lesson to the same group of students? Why?

      I would probably do the same like teaching them the appropriate manner of doing things, teach them with loud and clear voice, and be friendlier with them. I do also need to stabilize balance instructional materials inside the classroom. Nevertheless, I will probably need to address more activities that would highly need participation from everyone in the classroom.

When I was a student, I was the silent type, but as the time goes on I do realize that guts or self confidence is the most important aspect in one’s career and this thing is something that I want to cultivate from the students to be enhanced. In addition for the preschooler, if there will be a waiting time for them, I would highly recommend telling them stories as to use the time of their waiting into developing their creativity or should we easy imaginary skills at the young age.

My Portfolio

                Include here pictures/Illustration of the materials used by the teacher. Put your comments/annotation about that you observed.

The following pictures are the things being set up or used by the preschooler teacher as materials inside their classroom.

Preschooler at rest
Preschooler at rest

Using a white board inside the classroom can be treated as a good way of using it as an instructional material since it is easy, clear and not messy kind thing to use. However, the only defect in this regard is that preschooler are a beginner, I guess it would be appropriate to introduce the basic, a blackboard with line. This would give them the idea about the importance of writing in an appropriate manner through making it up straight which they can reflect it on their pads.


Using imagery in learning as your instructional material is a best way to teach kids because, they like images. This kind of IM would exceed if the instructor put some colours in her output.

Inside the Classroom
Inside the Classroom

This is my first time to enter a preschooler classroom, and I could say it is an impressive one since most of the kids’ needs were already being set up in there.

Wider range for kids!
Wider range for kids!

This section has a wider room compared to the other section which I guess exceed from the standard room of a certain classroom.

Math Learning for Kids
Math Learning for Kids

The assistant teacher was using colourful materials as to teach the kids on how to use time and calendar.

Activity Notebooks
Activity Notebooks

Activity notebooks that the kids used during their activity at a certain period. These things were located at back of their room.

Chart Display
Chart Display

                The teacher also considers putting some good material of chart that could teach the kids appropriately in relation to some good habits.


This post is based on my field study that I did conduct last three months for the year 2014. You may seem not to approve some of this idea, but please correct me if I am wrong. Most of the things contain here were based on my own opinion. I am very welcome to some ideas that you may share on this subject matter. Thank you and hope it will be a help for those people in search for the same studies.

Available Learning Resources (Enumerable in bullet form) Characteristics and Unique Capabilities Teaching Approaches where the Resource is Most Useful

  1. Print Resources
  • Books
  • Newspaper


  • Framed Maps


  • Magazines


Reading Materials for Students

To give update on the recent news


Visualization for the students and fill their curiosity of children.

To give the children an additional knowledge in their environment




Useful in reading/assignments

For current events reports


Useful at any time esp. a basis for their history class.

Useful at any time and an additional material for any kind of assignments/project they have.


  1. Audio Resources
  • Sound Boxes



  • Radio





Good for many audiences



Learning through listening




Useful during a seminar/meeting/ an announcement to be given to the students

Useful for those Pre-school Students in learning through listening sounds/music.


  1. Non-electronic Visual Resources
  • Visual Aide




  • Flash Cards
  • Globe





Alternative in using black board and additional in providing a students a wider range of material for their learning

Visualization learning

Additional material for students.




Useful in classes.




Useful in elementary grade.

Useful during their assignment given to the students.


  1. ICT Resources
  • Computer Library



  • Laboratory Computer



  • Projector




  • Television



  • CD and USB




Collection of data



Materials used in student’s learning about computers


Materials used for powerpoint/ or any learning using software.



Visualization learning



Saving documents



Useful for those students who are willing to search in a wider field.

Useful during their computer class


Useful when a certain teacher needs a far range of materials for good visualization of learning for the kids.

Only useful as per required by the teacher for educational learning.

Useful in saving important documents.




The school is quite capable of providing their students will education materials. The technology they have is equipped of some materials used for the basic learning of the students, the only thing is that they are not easily accessible especially some materials. There are those materials that are not allowed to be borrowed either students or a teacher outside the certain perimeters. Some of those can only be accessible in their library upon request of a teacher as means of educating their students. Internet was not accessible in any facilities of the school.



Name and Signature of Observer: Jomairah T. Mulay




My Analysis

Were the learning resources/materials arranged properly according to their functions and characteristics?

  • Most of their resources are all inside there library room. In there, those materials are will arranged in accordance with their type. The example of this are their computers for library use, they are in one line, having 8 computers. Magazines and Newspaper are in separate rock standing. The books are will arrange according to their theme or subject. Their projector and television are in one section of the library.

Do the guidelines and procedures facilities easy access to the materials by the teachers? Why? Why not?

  • Yes, the facilities are easily accessible but only to be used inside the library. Examples of this are the projector and the television. They cannot be borrowed outside the library. Teachers are required to ask permission from their heads and the library-in-charge in accessing those materials for education means for their students. There computers inside the laboratory are accessible during the students’ computer lesson.

What are the strengths of this Learning Resource Center?

  • The Assistant Teacher from the Elementary Section told me that they have that certain books that usually not accessible from any schools or any other resources. For this reason some of these books, according to her, were being photocopied by the worker from the DepEd, due to scarcity of that certain materials. From this assumption I am assuming that they have this will equipped educational materials that are provided to them for their students. Aside from this, some of their equipments are safe from any damages that may occur when it used outside the premises of the library.

What are its weakness?

  • The weakness that may appear in this kind of set up is the lack of there access in the internet world. The world is working and moving in a fast pace. Many thing changes happen in one blink of an eye, and making your self updated in the world today through internet is an edge. If you taken this out from the learning system of the students, this can cause of not giving them the rightful access in realizing the reality of the out side world.

What Suggestions can you make?

  • I want to suggest putting up an internet within the campus or it could be only in the library. Learning is not only in books, four corners of the room as well as from the environment, but it is also outside. Internet will help the students to learn. I know that in this kind of learning, there are those websites that are not good for kids. However, in this new age there are those solutions as well; sample of this is making some restriction within the system.

 My Reflections

  1. Which of the materials in the Learning Resource Center caught to your interest most? Why?

o   From the materials that were presented in that said school, probably the projector was something that captured my interest. Though it was not something very extravagant, but as I’ve been in other elementary and high schools, this kind of technology weren’t that always easily accessible in some, but in there, you can really sees the presence of this material. Unlike some other elementary and high school, this kind of material is not always present and easily be applied in class.

  1. Which gadgets/materials are you already confident to use/operate?

o   As for me, since I am used in using computer. I could say I am confident in using this kind of resources since that I’ve been used to it. If I’ll become a teacher in future in times, I would love to use this more often in order to give the student a clear visualization of those topics that I need to emphasize to them.

  1. Which ones do you feel you need to learn more about?

o   The highly thing that I need to learn more about is about restricting the consumption of the internet for the children. Since I would like to encourage internet use for the students in the library, or any other premises of the school, learning how to restricting some website not to be used is needed.

My Portfolio

Paste an article about an example of technology gadget/material that you want to learn more about. How can this gadget/material be useful in instruction/teaching?


Interactive White Board
Interactive White Board


                In searching over the internet about these so called gadgets that can be used in teaching profession, I find this interactive whiteboard as an interesting to get ourselves involved with. According from the sources, this is the modern, touch-controlled edition of old chalkboards that works well together with any computer. The board is basically like a huge touch screen, on which teachers or students can write with digital ink and use their bare hands to control the content of the table. It can even be used as huge projector. Having this kind of gadgets in class will make your teaching more effective, and for the students to become more interested in learning.






Individual Differences and Learner’s Interaction 2

Lets Learn Math
Lets Learn Math

This post is based on my field study that I did conduct last three months for the year 2014. You may seem not to approve some of this idea, but please correct me if I am wrong. Most of the things contain here were based on my own opinion. I am very welcome to some ideas that you may share on this subject matter. Thank you and hope it will be a help for those people in search for the same studies.


Step 1: Observe two or more learner’s of different abilities but with the same grade or year level.

Step 2: Find our something information about their background.

Step 3: Observe them as they participate in a classroom.

Step 4: Write a narrative report and a brief reflection on your experience.

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  1. Observe the class to see the differences in abilities of the learners?
  2. Try to identify the students who seem to be performing well and those that seem to be behind.
  3. Validate your observations by asking the teacher about the background (family, socio-economic, presence of some learning disability) of the students.
  4. Observe the behaviour of both high achieving and low achieving learners. Note their dispositions, pace in accomplishing tasks, interaction with teacher, and interaction with others.
  5. Observe the teacher’s method in addressing the individual learning needs of the students in his/her class.


                From our observations during the past three months at AKIC SLS, I will be choosing the Grade IV Section Molybdenum for this observation, where we conducted our Field Study last January 26, 2014 in the afternoon. The Grade VI pupils were very will behave when we entered the class. Their subject teacher for that day was Ms. Norhanifah Alikhan, who was discussing about their lesson in relations to the different agencies in the Philippines. On that duration of the discussion, most of the students were quite, and cooperating well enough to the teacher. However, there were those students who were writing assignments, others doing something and some were listening. When the teacher was asking them about a certain question, most of them would likely to answer her in chorus. There you will also observe those students who really raising their hands excitedly in answering the some question. As a whole in the class, I could say there were only few students who really were excel from the way I observed from their oral recitation which involves giving the full name of a certain department of the Philippines. I could say more or less three students who really gotten the correct answers when she gave a certain department on those three students. Some were having a hard time recalling a certain letters while they were having this oral recitation. As to validate my observations from the teacher, I couldn’t ask this certain issue for the reasons that the teacher can’t be interrupted while in the class, and lack of time for an interview. But I did observed a certain students, whose name is Bai Khadija Salivia U. Macarambon and Queen Ashaniah M. Pangandaman, who were sitting at back. One of them were far cited and having a hard time coping up from her classmates, yet due to her seat mate, she was being assisted by her through understanding their lessons especially the math problem that was given that afternoon.

                When Mam Rashida R. Rashid take over the class for her math session, there I saw enough how the students do interact in answering the math solutions. Mam Rashida was reviewing the class in preparation for this examination, at the end of her discussion, she then give some solution for the students to answer. There are those students, who were called upon to solve the problem in front of the class, some did well in answering this portion and some don’t. Those students who have a high achiever status were facing this assessment well enough by answering the problem in an easy and fastest manner. Those student students that don’t do well enough, they seem to be left hanging, just stand there and think. In the sense that it was a session where teacher and students interact, most of the students were very attentive and some were cooperating in answering the given question through raising their hands. The teacher were not being one sided, when a certain students didn’t answer the problem, she gives encouragement to that certain students which is very effective in increasing their level of confidence in answering the problems. The teacher was very lively, and feels the motivation coming through her. On that mentioned activities, she always let the students answer the problem in front in order to build a far more confidence in expressing and explaining their self in front.


      Did your observation match the information given by the teacher? Were you able to correctly identify who among the students performed well and who did not? What behaviour helped you identify them? (Volunteering to answer, responding to teacher’s directions, etc.

  • Yes, I’m very thankful that both teachers’ activities gave me the chance to identify those students who were doing well in the class, and those who do not. Through the volunteering the answer, I did saw those students who were very confidently giving out their answers, and those students who seems to be at middle zone, were I could see myself through them. We could not only base from a quiz and a test in evaluating the students, but the given situation is a good sample where one can base upon in a more clear view. We can’t only base our assessment through only this since we are talking about the performance of the students. There are those learner’s who were still shy in expressing their self’s and through the teacher’s directions and how he/she handle the class for evaluation could put up those students who are shy, and express theirselfs in another way around. There are those learner’s who excel and express their self in other way around than those students who can easily express their ideas.

      Describe the differences in ability levels of the students in the class? Is there a wide gap between the students who are performing well and those that are not?

  • Looking at their differences between the learners who were performing well and those who were not was not very far. In those students who were performing well do have confidence in them to express their ideas without thinking what their classmates might think, but those learners who were not performing well were somehow shy in expressing their ideas. I would probably guess, they were lacking a self confidence, and a practice to be more expressive. They need a motivation in order to push their selves in doing something.

      Describe the methods used by the teacher in handling the students’ differences in abilities. How did the students respond to the teacher?

  • The method that the teacher used was deductive method, were her teaching started in the rule or principle, and then examples are given to explain the rule or principle. Since Ma’am Rashida is a math teacher, she is expected to use this cause in math…you have to hand down the principle before the learner could get anything in order to solve a certain problem. Along with this is that she is using the convergent questions which require a single responses and that there is only one correct or best responses. Several of the learners were cooperating to their teacher very well, and responded in the way Ma’am Rashida conducted her class. As for those students, who aren’t doing well was given by the teacher some motivations in order to do better in the next time around.


  1. Recall the time when you were in the elementary, high school or college. Call to mind the high and low achievers in your class. How did your teacher deal with differences in the abilities? Was your teacher effective?
  • Three years in my high school years, I have been in the first section. I don’t know how it was but I am indeed in that section even though I am the most quite among all of my classmates back then. Each of us has a unique personality, but in terms of those classmates who excel in advance was something I could point who where those people. Those low achievers, which I could categorize myself, do our thing in a way we could do our best. For example me, I usually do the best as I can in order not to get a zero point in any subject matter. It became my motivation not to get a zero score, as not to get embarrassed from them. Our teachers really do their best in order to apply to us the best method she/he could give. They don’t give us not too hard and not too easy subject matter. Some of our teachers were effective in a way that I could be happier in applying those thought they instil to us back then, because what I’ve become now was a part and parcel of their teaching from those years.
  1. With the principle of individual differences in mind, what methods and strategies will you remember in the future to ensure that you will be able to meet the needs of both the high and low achievers in your class.
  • The learners are the high priority of the teacher and their interest counts. If I’ll be a teacher someday, I will probably consider making a curriculum or a lesson plan that identifies the students’ interest in order for them to be knowledgeable about the subject matter. This also includes their strengths and needs when constructing a lesson plan. If everybody couldn’t totally get what was being taught to them, thinking of alternatives ways is a best thing in order to get their interest.

In a learning environment, making it modified and through attaching personalized environment in a more welcoming aura, personalized and comfortable for the student is very important in order to increase their motivation as a students. IN addition to this, one student can be much comfortable with her/his environment when she/he is together with her/his family, so in order to build that kind of feeling in them, it would be much better making learning as a family affair, by encouraging the participation of students’ families.

Classroom Management and Learning

Students on play time!
Students on play time!

This post is based on my field study that I did conduct last three months for the year 2014. You may seem not to  approve some of this idea, but please correct me if I am wrong. Most of the things contain here were based on my own opinion. I am very welcome to some ideas that you may share on this subject matter. Thank you and hope it will be a help for those people in search for the same studies.


Step 1: Observe a class.

Step 2: Using a checklist, find out the evident classroom components.

Step3: Describe how the classroom is structured/designed to follow everyone to participate in the learning activities.

Step 4: Relate the data in your checklist to the learner’s behaviour.

Step 5: Reflect on how classroom management affects learning


  1. Are there areas in the classroom for specific purposes?
  2. Are there rules and procedures followed?
  3. What are the daily routines done by the teacher? (Prayer, attendance, monitoring of assignment, warm up activities, etc.) how are they done?
  4. Is there a seating arrangement? What is the basis of this arrangement?
  5. Observe the noise level in the classroom. How is this managed?
  6. If a learner is not following instructions or is off-task, what does the teacher do? (behaviour strategies)
  7. What does the teacher do to reinforce positive behaviours? (behaviour strategies)



SPECIFIC AREAS IN THE CLASSROOM In there were a set of arm chairs a table, and a bulletin board and other charts that where located on the wall. It is mainly for learning environment. The classroom was fitting to a learning situation but the effect was for only inside learning. They only have limited area inside that could widen their interest.
CLASSROOM RULES Class room rules were very specific located at the left side of the classroom. This will keep the learners be reminded of possible importance aspect in life.
CLASSROOM PROCEDURES There were no procedures written anywhere the classroom. Since no procedures were written, students were left hanging and left with no instruction inside the classroom to follow.
DAILY ROUTINE Prayers were being done inside the classroom before they begin their classes. A good motivation for the learners is to pray and engrave in them the importance of spiritual aspect.
SEATING ARRANGEMENT Teacher arranges them accordingly. There were three rows, every row consisting of three arm chairs; left and the right side were for girls and middle was boy. This instil and force the kids to keep their silence, because girls were separated as to stop them from being talkative and boys were put in the middle as to behave them self during classes.
HANDLING MISBEHAVIOR/OFF TASK BEHAVIOR Teacher calls out directly those students who are noisy. These will help the other students to be focused and realize the consequence of being noisy during the lessons.
REINFORCEMENT OF POSITIVE BEHAVIOR The teacher give positive feedback by saying “That’s good Ms. ____, but whose gonna help her/him”…by this, teacher appreciate a student for doing an effort. This will build a self confidence on the students’ part and making them learn to be appreciative even in a little thing.


      How did the classroom organization and routines affect the learners’ behaviour?

      In our class Educ 15s, our mentor suddenly spoke these words in front of us that “a lesson needs to be repeatedly lectured for them to be reminded and as to master it.” I believe that this is the reason of daily routines to be integrated inside the life of the students. Our memories as human being were very short, we are very prone of this aspect and in order for us to apply things, we need to make our body and mind master it. In terms of this so called classroom organization, this was being set up for the students to learn how to organize a small group as for them to be ready in the bigger application that they could apply it in organizing a certain group when time comes.

      What should the teacher have in mind when she/he designs the classroom organization and routines? What theories and principles should you have in mind?

      A teacher should think the befitting classroom organizations and routines that could also be fitting with the likings of her/his students in general. S/he needs to include students mostly in deciding this issue for them to learn how they could organize themselves and the routines, but of course with assistance from a teacher. In order to coincide this with the students I did observe, I once asked a student how did they designed their classroom, and she in did mentioned that they did the most of the activities and the design in the classroom and with the consent from the teacher.

      Which behaviour strategies were effective in managing the behaviour of the learners? In motivating students? Why were they effective?

      Attitude of a teacher means a lot in managing the behaviour of her/his students. As I observe from one of the teacher in AKIC-SLS last February 3, 2014. She has this typical expression which seems to be strict, and talk to her students with confidence, but this act doesn’t seems to be effective for the learners since they keep on talking, despite of the emotion she did show to them. The possible reason that I could come up with this is that, this teacher taught her students without concerning the so called passion within her and don’t have a happy disposition. She seems to be not caring so much with her students. Nevertheless, those teachers whom you could sense their passion and having a happy disposition from the way they taught their children seem to be a far more effective. Students listen very well and motivated with an ease atmosphere around that certain teacher. We human somehow sense the other mood that we can easily vibrate in them.


  1. Imagine yourself organizing your classroom. In what grade / year level do you have yourself? What routines and procedures would you consider for this level? Why?

      Imagining me in a classroom set up, I would highly recommend myself to teach a first year high school. Why? For the reason that I would like to handle those kids who will be in their first year of high school. Their fresh mind and their higher level of curiosity is something I want to fill in. First year level is something important in a high school part because this is the first thing for a student to occur and their motivation to know new something is in their first year. In relation to their routines, I would like to implement a prayer before our classes begin. Next here, I would like to start my discussion and alive greetings for the students, and expected to have a feed back in them as well. Thirdly, I would probably ask a certain student to recap on our lesson the previews meeting, and then proceed to my lessons. I would end my lesson through my students giving of a quote that will help them motivate their self and the other, and end with a prayer.

  1. Make a list of the rules you are likely to implement in this level. Why would you choose these rules?

The following rules were something I would like to implement.

      I would like to implement that they should wear their proper uniform and ID when they are in the school premises.

      Observe silence when the class is ongoing, because they will be given an ample of time when their return comes like reporting, oral recitation, or making them answer.

      Excuses should be made when they are going outside the classroom.

      They should apply and be courteous among their classmates.

      Before and after the class, they need to arrange their things and table.

      Greet their teachers and those visitors politely when they are at present.

      I would like to have a higher participation coming from the students.

      Cell phone must be in silent mode. Being caught using their cell phone during class will be punished.

  1. Should learners be involved in making the class rules? Why?

      In this today’s generation, kids are not just mere students in a classroom but also a decision maker. We are also now in progressive mode of curriculum, and most of the activities were facilitated by the teacher and the students are highly advisable to do most of a certain activities. The making of the class rules should include the students in making those rules in classroom, as to practice their rights in getting their opinion and ideas and that these makings of rules were part of it.