Tag Archives: students

Licensure Examination Experience

There were articles I had written the last few months ago about the story how I ended myself in pursuing education as one of my interest. Now, I’ve experienced so many things along with it, and some of these were already in scripted in some pages of this website. So, here I am, going to tell my experience on how I go through a long series of process in order to reach the point where I need to attend the LET examination and ended up taking them.

I’ve started my review last 2014 of April, along with my friends at St. Louis Review Center. I thought of reviewing at that said center for me to recall everything that I did learned when I was in my elementary and secondary age. Being in the confinement of the office for almost 5 years, it take my basic knowledge away from this memory of mine. Replenishing those information is needed, especially now that aging process is lurking along the way. The memory itself is starting to deteriorate if it is not well trained, and reviewing is the best option to suppress the unexpected events when someone is planning to take the LET Examination. This is why I took the risk in segregating my time for this task. It take my Saturday and Sunday time to go there and review. I was pleased by the schedule because we were mixed together with those freshly graduate of some universities/colleges within Iligan City. In those time, I was hoping not to be mixed up together with the meranao students, because as far as everyone’s know, nobody know about my plan. I guess, I am one of those typical person who undergone with a secondary courses and now kind of hesitating to tell everyone else, unless they did pass the examination mentioned. For almost 4 months, I’ve been busy with my work and my schedule for review. The time was ticking so swiftly that I almost forgot my other worries. God has been so kind to us since the examination were being moved from July 27, 2014 to August 17, 2014. There might be a reason for this event to happen besides the reason from the Catholic side why the exam ended up in a cancellation. This gave us plenty of time to prepare more in the exam. Along those days, I did realized that I didn’t made a mistake in reviewing at the said center, because it did gave me time to read, relearn and experience about this situation.

Before the exam, we did had a hard time getting our grades to be completed because one of our teacher didn’t gave our grade on time. For this reason we’ve waited days before she did gave us, and the filing of the examination were more or less 6 days before its deadline. Upon receiving the information of the completed grades, I didn’t hesitate to be absent on the first day of working days to settle things ahead. I did go to Saint Michael College in order for me to complete everything to get my Transcript of Records. I went to the Dean requesting my TOR, and gave me some instruction to complete. In addition with the prescribed requirements, one of this was paying our balance at the review center as to get certificate coming from SLRC. Upon knowing, it revealed to us that SMC and SLRC were somehow connected with each other. Having no choice, we ended up paying 4,000. That afternoon of Monday, we submitted the certificate from SLRC, together with the signed permit at the registrar. Giving them those papers, we were informed that they will be giving us a message after our TOR has been made. After three or four hours, we were pleased upon telling us that it was already had been finished.

Three days after its completion my friends and I have decided to go at the PRC office to file our papers for the Licensure Examination. We did bring the following requirements:

  1. Original and photocopies of Transcript of Records with Special Order and Date of Graduation, with scanned pictures and with remarks “FOR BOARD EXAMINATION PURPOSE ONLY”. Graduates of government schools and institutions/programs accredited by recognized accredited agencies under the FAAP are exempted from SO. Graduates of New Schools/Degree Programs must submit School Recognition and/or Permit to operate.
  2. Original and photocopy of NSO-issued Birth Certificate (if NSO copy is not clear, bring copy from the Local Civil Registrar)
  3. For married females, original and photocopies of NSO-issued Marriage Contract (if NSO copy is not clear, bring copy from Local Civil Registrar)
  4. Two (2) passport size colored with white background and complete name tag.
  5. Current Community Tax Certificate (Cedula)
  6. Other specific requirements are required by the Commission or the Professional Regulatory Board.

We did get there early at around 6 in the morning and hoping to be the first in line. However, arriving there after 2 hours of travelling, there were so many people in lined. I ended up getting 2k plus as a number. We’ve waited outside for one hour to be called. At that day many people were at PRC, some of them were renewing their license and many of the people were filing for the LET EXAM, just like us. We did get through with another line, as we get nearer to the front desk who would check our papers, we assured that our requirements were not lacking. As I was being entertained that moment, I was praying that everything about my documents were all complete. It didn’t take us much time for that clearing and all three of us were finished after paying a full amount of 900. The cashier told us that the NOA and the receipts will be given to us a week before the examination. We left a relief, and relaxed from the travel and the stress from filing our documents with a nice window shopping at Limketkai Shopping Center.

More than 30 days before the examination, all of us were tensed for the exam. We continued our review during Saturday and Sunday. Whereas the days were fast ticking, I thought of having a self-review after office. Someone did advised me to review because it’s not a 100 percent that everything in the review will come up. Days after days after days, I continued the self-review. I know that I didn’t totally focus, but I do know that I did review as much as my interest arises. I believe that forcing yourself too much will do no good. There were so many things playing along inside my mind along the way. I did tried to counter those negative thoughts that encircling my mind, by thinking of doing the best as I can to motivate myself. I did set up from these brain of mine that I need to pass the exam as to not waste my time from studying for 6 months plus 3 or 4 months of review. I already used up my time and energy doing this things along the way. As the days passed, there encountered changes happen, and one of this were my office schedule. I was assigned at Marawi Service Desk by my own agency, and then later on had an office scheduled of Sunday to Thursday, which caused me to decide to move my review from Saturday-Sunday to Friday-Saturday, as I’ve asked permission to Sir Ken about my plan, he told me that it’s too late for me to do this since the exam was getting nearer. For this reason, I don’t have the choice but to review only on Saturday, and excuse myself during Sunday.


Seventeen days before the examination, I’ve decided to go to Cagayan de Oro to get my NOA together with my friends NOA. Since I was there, I already reserved for a hotel for us to stay in. I went to Will Shire HOTEL to settle for a reservation, but unfortunately they were already full on those dates I did mentioned. I was left with no choice and make a reservation at AMAREA HOTEL which is fortunately did accommodate us for the reservation on those two dates I did prefer. I paid 795 for a one day reservations, and the next day as per mentioned will be paid on the exact date after Friday.

Amarea Hotel
Amarea Hotel

The hours were ticking and the days were changing. As I crossed those days from my calendar before August 17, I did feel tensed each day. When the day arrived, it was August 15, 2014, me and my friend went ahead in order to catch Friday prayer at CDO. We’ve stayed there for two days, while two of my friends had a rigorous flash back of all the review we did back then. As for me, I choose to relax. We all did aside from reviewing were window shopping, buy foods, and more important one is sleeping. We did all this just to relax from our wary minds. Before the exam, I and my friend went to our designated room as to know where our room is before the examination. The PRC already written the things to be needed before the exam.

A Reminder
A Reminder
Rooms at Bulua Nat'l High School
Rooms at Bulua Nat’l High School
Front Gate
Front Gate


Set for the examinee
Set for the examinee
Studying Tandem...
Studying Tandem…

We didn’t noticed that the day was up. We wake up ourselves at around 3:30 in the morning; review a little bit, eat our breakfast, take a bathe and prepare our things. I was the one who got out since I was assigned at BULUA NATIONAL HIGHSCHOOL which was far from the center. I was so thankful that when I got out at the hotel, a taxi was already have been there, and asked him to get me at the school I’ve been assigned to. Upon arriving, there were so many people in waiting to open the gate. I’ve seen one of my acquaintance, who was familiar to me, but never knew her name. She questioned me while we were both waiting, but it was so fortunate that a friend of mine was there, calling for me. I was relief when she does that because that girl I meet were starting to ask about my workplace, which I don’t want to be much open about it when I am in different situation. We talked with Ms Faida together with her friend about so many things in regard with the LET exams. While waiting there for almost 45 minutes, the door opened and each of us went to our designated room were assigned to. I was amazed the first day I saw my room assignment since all the numbers in seeing were all in 17. Date was August 17, my room was 17, seat number 17 and my name was written on page 17. What a coincidence, I say!

All in Seventeen!
All in Seventeen!

The schedule is all written in this way:

Schedule for the Examination
Schedule for the Examination
General Instruction for the examinee
General Instruction for the examinee

The examination went well after hours of taking them. I could say, I did well on the General and Professional Education but the Specialization were kind of a nose bleed. From the 2,500 test questions we did take at the review center for this specialization area, I ended up only three question similar from our review and everything I did used was stock knowledge. As I review my test paper for second time around that day, I was confident that I did my best, and the only thing left for me is to hope for a positive result for the examination. For those people who is reading this blog of mine. Wish me and everyone who take the test a Good luck!

On Becoming a Teacher

My Concrete Experience

  1. Who am I as a person? Do I have personal qualities that would make me a better teacher someday?
  2. With the use of the checklist find out your personal characteristics which would help you make become a good teacher. The qualities listed are few of the many attributes needed but the list given you would suffice.

Look into yourself very well and answer each item very honestly. All your answers are correct, so you do need to worry.


Below are indicators of personal qualities which may describe you. Place a ___ mark on the blank before each item if the indicator gits you most of the time or an ___ mark if the description does not fit you most of the time.

Chart 1
Chart 1

Number of checks in each cluster (Min-1 to Max 5)

Chart 2
Chart 2

My Observations

                Your concrete experience, enabled you to describe, what you are as a person. The qualities reflect who you are. Make a similar observation of ten active teachers in a school. Your observation will be done through a survey and will produce empirical evidences. This observation method will enhance your skills to collect data, like when you doing research.

                You will be provided with a Survey Checklist for you to produce 10 copies for your 10 respondent teachers. (They are on the last pages of this workbook). Make a proper request from these teachers who will become your respondents.

Chart 3
Chart 3

The Observed Information


  1. To get the average, add the scores of the ten teachers and divide by 10.
  2. Look at the legend in your own checklist, and determine the description of the average.

Study the results.



  1. Which of the twelve attributes is the highest among the teachers?
  • Among the 12 attributes, buoyancy is the one that excel from among the high description with point one as a difference.
  1. Which of the twelve attributes is the lowest among the teachers?
  • The self-confidence is having the lowest among the 12 with 3.5 as an average.
  1. How many teachers are low in emotional stability?
  • Teacher Number 3 was the only one who has the lowest grade in terms of emotional stability.
  1. How many teachers are high in compassion?
  • Most of the teachers already reach the very high in compassion; meanwhile two of them didn’t reach that peek.
  1. What six attributes are found to be strong among the teachers?
  • Based on the Average of the whole attributes these six attributes are buoyancy, objectiveness, compassion, emotional stability, refinement and comparativeness with a tie total with that of Reliability
  1. What six attributes are found to be weal among the teachers?
  • As the opposite answer in number seven, these six attributes with a weak average are the self-confidence, self-motivation, intelligence, pleasantness, and comparativeness as well reliability can also be consider as one of them.
  1. What interesting observations can you spot from the other data not asked?
  • The cooperativeness in answering the questionnaire makes me so thankful to the teachers who answered it wilfully.
  • Happy. This is the one factor that I could consider that would bring your class in a good atmosphere and soothing for learning because learners drawn with this kind of aura.

Use the information from your personal results and those of the ten teachers in making your reflections that follow.

My Reflections

                After studying the results of your teacher survey, write down your reflection on the following situations reported to have happened in the school setting.

  1. Why are some teachers reported to have bumped a learner’s head on the wall or made a child swallow scratch paper or pencil filings? What attribute do you think is low for this teacher?
  • Emotional Stability. Based on the checklist under this attribute, it is all stated there the things that relates with a teacher’s temper. Once a teacher doesn’t have this kind of trait, they tend to do this without thinking too much. We cannot avoid losing our temper in some action as a person, but the thing is, we need to place them in an appropriate place. For this reason, a teacher should act and be more or less a mother that can stop their children without putting them in too much pressure. They are a child, making them swallow scratch paper or pencil filings as form of punishment will just make them loose their confidence that would affect them in the future.
  1. Why do you think some teachers are better loved by students than others?
  • In order to attract students, you need to have a heart and a certain attitude that would attract them. From among the attributes, I would say a teacher need to reach a high level of COMPASSION and OBJECTIVENESS. As a teacher you need to be at your best at anytime, you need to have happy disposition and appreciate students within your class. A Happy disposition can attract people, and this is also applicable with the students. One said that children are the best one to sense the feeling of others around them. So giving them an atmosphere that give them an ease, and learn the meaning of positive living will give them a boost to make their life in a better. A better influence will also be spread to the students, who will be drawn by this kind of feeling. As a teacher, you need to be more objective. Treating a certain situation in fairness is a must, in order for them to feel of being judged fairly, and will not lose their confidence in a certain situation. Children also need to be brought up in a way that they could learn a high value of fairness, and to whom they could look up to this aside from their parents? Their teacher.
  1. If you were to choose, which personal attributes should all teachers possess? Why?
  • I would say, a teacher should have a compassion, emotional stability, and self confidence. A teacher should have a heart. What’s good of having a brain with the heart that is full of nothingness? We, human are very expressive people towards other person. This is the reason why s/he needs to reach them through kindness, and our heart needs to function in a way that could understand the human heart. In the future, we need some people who need to spread love around the people, kindness towards others and a teacher could teach that to the students. A self restrain is needed in order to reach what we want for others. Unselfishness is also a must, so anger should be put in the appropriate situation. To act kindness and the courage to control your anger, self confidence is a must. Doubting once self of acting goodness to other is a toxic why of thinking. Confidence is needed in order to implement an effective teaching to ones’ students.

My Affirmed Concepts

                After reflecting on this episode and recalling my previous subjects, I have realized that there are several concepts in the teaching profession about personal attributes. I learned that has been affirmed and confirmed, examples of which are given below:

  1. When I was a student, I look up for those teachers who taught me as someone to be always prepared, and that they are the same from inside the classroom and outside, but it was not. From this experience alone, I did observe a teacher who was very different when she handled the class from the way she acted outside. This teacher holds out a humble and weak personality outside the class as I perceive it, but when she is inside the room, she is boosting with confidence. Her teaching style is very admirable since she can hide those weaknesses when she is in front of her students. As a part of the attitudes, this self-confidence is important enough in delivering your lesson to your students in order for them to be drawn by your teaching skill. I did realize this part after observing this certain teacher, which I really appreciate the way she handle herself in front of many learners and made me think of how this thing is important.
  1. There was an instant where a teacher suddenly called out those noisy kids inside the classroom and let them ask to go outside at the school were we currently observing. This teacher does this as punishment for those noisy kids. I didn’t experienced this when I was a student myself, but I did observe this kind of treatment from a teacher back then, who uses this style to punish them. Sometimes, there are those students who really are noisy, even how a teacher disciplined and warned them, they just do it. I could not blame the teacher for doing this like of punishment due to the reason that they can no longer handle this kind of attitude in class. Adopting this kind of punishment is better than hitting the kids with eraser nor making them ate some pencil filing to make this shut,

My Future Application

                Using what I have learned in this episode, when I become a teacher, I should learn some of this attributes in order to implement this to my students. If God’s well that I’ll be a lecturer to some learners, I would like to learn this attributes and have a restrain factor with my temper when I become one. One thing that I have learned from this episode is that, teaching should have a heart. Teaching doesn’t only mean just teaching, but it is further than this kind of thing. It made me understand the real meaning of being a teacher is to have a good value within thy self as a teacher. In this way, I became more aware of what are the things I should do for myself that would be applied to my students. Starting on this day, I need to have a self evaluation, and consider this attributes to be enhanced as I go along with this line of profession. In the near future, I would love to teach kids and make them realize of those beautiful things in this world, and become more positive in life. Fate will bring us all to the places where we should be, and I am praying to Allah (swt) that if this is good for me, hope He will fulfill my desire to help myself and become a tool for a change through imparting knowledge to the young ones.


This post is based on my field study that I did conduct last three months for the year 2014. You may seem not to approve some of this idea, but please correct me if I am wrong. Most of the things contain here were based on my own opinion. I am very welcome to some ideas that you may share on this subject matter. Thank you and hope it will be a help for those people in search for the same studies.

My Map

                To reach my target, I should do these steps:

  1. Observe a class.
  2. Identify the curriculum design used by schools.
  3. Reflect and write my insights/learning gained from the activities.

My Tools                            

                A curriculum can be organized either horizontally or vertically. Write samples of them on the illustrations.


Sample Activities

TASK 1: Listen to the text. Take note of examples of intolerance discrimination and prejudice.

TASK 2: Recall the bases of evaluating the relevance and validity of ideas.

  1. Your personal observation or experience
  2. Personal interviews with knowledgeable person or authoritative sources
  3. Current publications and other reference materials.

TASK 3: Do you agree that…(Ask the student to explain his/her answer.

  1. “One reason fights are started is that one person cannot let another be different.”
  2. “We do not carry much of the prejudice and discrimination of yesteryears.”
  3. “Today we have become tolerant of others.”



1st year Grammar: Use indirect discourse to report request to commands and advice.


  • Divide the class into small groups and have them give the advice, commands or requests they would give or make in these situation (direct discourse). The other groups are to give in reported speech what was said.
  • Transformation drill on direct and indirect discourse (Imperatives: requests, commands, advice) in problem situations.

2nd year Grammar: Direct and reported Speech Giving Instructions, Commands, Request.

Activities: Transform the following direct statements to reported statements.

 3rd years Grammar: Give and follow instructions using direct and reported speech.

Activities: Round table discussion about agreeing and disagreeing in a given topic.

4th year Grammar:

  1. Make requests, commands using indirect speech.
  2. Give an advice and get things done using reported speech.


  • Changing Imperatives from direct to indirect discourse
  • Giving advice and instructions to get things done.

A spiral concept of the curriculum provides for both horizontal (widening of knowledge) and vertical (deepening of knowledge) aspects of the curriculum design simultaneously. The figure below shows the concept of horizontal and vertical articulation from preschool to adult.


My Analysis

  1. Examine the Basic Education Curriculum. What aspect do you want to modify. Why?
  • The Basic Education Curriculum that was mentioned from the facts that I did read contains a very concise and direct way of handling students in relation to their own learning, it almost cover all aspect of developing the kids into a rightful citizen of the Philippines. However, from all that details given in the said curriculum, I guess there is something that should be addressed that I want it to be modified in this kind of curriculum. I wanted to give an indication on the objective of this curriculum. I would like to add and give a big importance on the spiritual aspect of the students. Since, I am a Muslim born, and my knowledge in relation to my religion is not wide enough, and for this reason there is lacking in me that taught me the importance of God in our life. In the part of the students, while they are young it is an opportunity to teach them religion in a high regard and integrate it with every lesson.
  1. What curriculum models do you prefer? Why?
  • From the three designs that were mentioned in the book, I prefer Problem-Centered Design, which draws on social problems, needs, interest and abilities of the learners. I love to implement this kind of design in a certain curriculum because of its salient feature that tries to let the students’ abilities blossom into a full realization. Students today don’t like to spoon feeding type of learning; they want challenges in a certain manner, something new that they can set their motivation on. Creating such atmosphere will give them a boost to realize their realization on a certain act. Through this kind of curriculum, the learner will be totally introduce to a more real life situation that will not caught unprepared in the future they want partake.

My Reflections/ My Insights


 My Portfolio

Make an illustration of any of the three curriculum design models. Be sure to incorporate the salient features of the design.

The multimedia-oriented Problem-Based Learning curriculum model


Technology in the Learning Environment

This post is based on my field study that I did conduct last three months for the year 2014. You may seem not to approve some of this idea, but please correct me if I am wrong. Most of the things contain here were based on my own opinion. I am very welcome to some ideas that you may share on this subject matter. Thank you and hope it will be a help for those people in search for the same studies.

My Map

To reach your target, follow the steps below

1. Decide on a specific content area

2. Find out the learning resource relevant to your topic that are available from your school/university’s learning resource center.

3.Develop a pile of teaching aids (flash cards, pictures, cut outs transparencies.

4. Organize them in box

My Tools            

                As you observe the class, use the activity forms provided for you to document your observations.

Survey Guide

  1. Are there learning resources useful for your topic in the resource center you visited?
  2. Are the available materials, appropriate for your target grade/year level?
  3. List down those that can be useful for your topic.
  4. What other materials can you make? (like flash cards, posters, cut-outs, transparencies, etc.)

An Observation 

  1. To clarify on this part, in the since that I am not yet in the teaching world or practised teaching, I will relate this question on the teacher that we did observed last February 2, 2014, whose name was ISHAQ PUNDOMA. He is a teacher on the subject matter chemistry. The teacher used Manila paper in discussing his topic in relation to LIPIDS and other science vocabulary. He used the white board as well in order to show the students on the segregation of chemicals; eg. Molecules and its division. The resource teacher utilizes the materials inside the class very well, and as of the topic he was discussing was somehow composed of the information he gathered in certain book that was advised by the school for that certain subject matter to be used, and could also be found in their own library.
  2. The materials being used was applicable for the fourth year level in the since that they are now grown up. The Manila paper that was being used as a visual was good IMs for him to use with an indication of his outline for the discussion on that day. It was easy for the student what to expect on that day and recall their past lesson. The subject matter that was being handed to them was suited to her level since it is in the curriculum of the said level.
  3. The possible that the resource teacher could use aside from visual aid, white board and black board are the following:
    1. Power Point Presentation
    2. Pictures
    3. Object that can be made out of styrophome and other materials
    4. Video/Movie
    5. Others
  4. In the discussion of Sir Pundoma, he can also use a poster, cut outs, or even utilizing their media room for the learner to be more exposed to the subject maters, where they could gain the concept in an easier way.

My Analysis

Give at least three benefits of doing a survey of available materials before making your own materials? Explain each.

  1. You’ll be far more prepared for the materials you needed, and if there were lacking in the planned materials at least you can do and have an alternative resource materials you need to use. As a teacher one need to utilize the available materials within the environment.
  2. It will not give you stress when you’re already on the day of your meeting with your class. You have at least days to prepare your materials in a well created craft.
  3. If there is a need in changing your subject matter on that day due to lackings of material, you can still have the time to do so.

My Reflections

  1. Which of the materials did you like making the most? Why?
  • In the resources that I did observed, one thing that i did really like is through using a presentation through power point. This idea came to me when I already started learning here in St. Michael’s College. As I consider, utilizing this kind of material can cause a good visual learning for the kids, since most of the kids are best in learning through seeing. Aside from this, through the given idea by the master teachers last March 8, they did given us some good ideas which we could adopt in teaching our kids in the future and one of this is the so called MNEMONIC. (Since, I am not yet in the teaching world, I could base upon what I did observed and known from the three months session from this learning.)
  1. What difficulties, if any, did you encounter in making the material? How did you overcome them?
  • Based on my realization, the hardest part in making the material is the idea on how will you present it to the students. Either they like it or not. Are they going to gain learning from this materials that I am using? Will they understand my discussion through it? These are some possible questions that suddenly popped out when I am making my own presentation to the class. On how you’re going to outline your topic based on your subject in a way that kids could get it is the hardest part since that, the way you understand things is very different from the way they understand it. This cause the teacher to think their needs and think of the possible aspect that could be more applicable to them
  1. What tips can you give teachers regarding preparation of teaching materials?
  • The simplest tips that I could give for the teachers regarding preparation of teaching materials is that, they need to prepare it ahead of time. In order to change something on the materials with allotted time if they needed to do so for the betterment of the learners’ understanding when the teacher is going to present it.

My Portfolio

Learning Resource on a Specific Content Area

                Use this graphic organizer to present the learning resource relevant to the topic chosen. On the line inside the box, indicate if the resource is already AVAILABLE, MAY BE PURCHASED, OR WILL BE MADE (by you, of course!)

TOPIC: The Great Three Wars in the 20th Century           Grade/Year LEVEL: Fourth Year Level


Bulletin Board Display

This post is based on my field study that I did conduct last three months for the year 2014. You may seem not to approve some of this idea, but please correct me if I am wrong. Most of the things contain here were based on my own opinion. I am very welcome to some ideas that you may share on this subject matter. Thank you and hope it will be a help for those people in search for the same studies.


This post is based on my field study that I did conduct last three months for the year 2014. You may seem not to approve some of this idea, but please correct me if I am wrong. Most of the things contain here were based on my own opinion. I am very welcome to some ideas that you may share on this subject matter. Thank you and hope it will be a help for those people in search for the same studies.

Available Learning Resources (Enumerable in bullet form) Characteristics and Unique Capabilities Teaching Approaches where the Resource is Most Useful

  1. Print Resources
  • Books
  • Newspaper


  • Framed Maps


  • Magazines


Reading Materials for Students

To give update on the recent news


Visualization for the students and fill their curiosity of children.

To give the children an additional knowledge in their environment




Useful in reading/assignments

For current events reports


Useful at any time esp. a basis for their history class.

Useful at any time and an additional material for any kind of assignments/project they have.


  1. Audio Resources
  • Sound Boxes



  • Radio





Good for many audiences



Learning through listening




Useful during a seminar/meeting/ an announcement to be given to the students

Useful for those Pre-school Students in learning through listening sounds/music.


  1. Non-electronic Visual Resources
  • Visual Aide




  • Flash Cards
  • Globe





Alternative in using black board and additional in providing a students a wider range of material for their learning

Visualization learning

Additional material for students.




Useful in classes.




Useful in elementary grade.

Useful during their assignment given to the students.


  1. ICT Resources
  • Computer Library



  • Laboratory Computer



  • Projector




  • Television



  • CD and USB




Collection of data



Materials used in student’s learning about computers


Materials used for powerpoint/ or any learning using software.



Visualization learning



Saving documents



Useful for those students who are willing to search in a wider field.

Useful during their computer class


Useful when a certain teacher needs a far range of materials for good visualization of learning for the kids.

Only useful as per required by the teacher for educational learning.

Useful in saving important documents.




The school is quite capable of providing their students will education materials. The technology they have is equipped of some materials used for the basic learning of the students, the only thing is that they are not easily accessible especially some materials. There are those materials that are not allowed to be borrowed either students or a teacher outside the certain perimeters. Some of those can only be accessible in their library upon request of a teacher as means of educating their students. Internet was not accessible in any facilities of the school.



Name and Signature of Observer: Jomairah T. Mulay




My Analysis

Were the learning resources/materials arranged properly according to their functions and characteristics?

  • Most of their resources are all inside there library room. In there, those materials are will arranged in accordance with their type. The example of this are their computers for library use, they are in one line, having 8 computers. Magazines and Newspaper are in separate rock standing. The books are will arrange according to their theme or subject. Their projector and television are in one section of the library.

Do the guidelines and procedures facilities easy access to the materials by the teachers? Why? Why not?

  • Yes, the facilities are easily accessible but only to be used inside the library. Examples of this are the projector and the television. They cannot be borrowed outside the library. Teachers are required to ask permission from their heads and the library-in-charge in accessing those materials for education means for their students. There computers inside the laboratory are accessible during the students’ computer lesson.

What are the strengths of this Learning Resource Center?

  • The Assistant Teacher from the Elementary Section told me that they have that certain books that usually not accessible from any schools or any other resources. For this reason some of these books, according to her, were being photocopied by the worker from the DepEd, due to scarcity of that certain materials. From this assumption I am assuming that they have this will equipped educational materials that are provided to them for their students. Aside from this, some of their equipments are safe from any damages that may occur when it used outside the premises of the library.

What are its weakness?

  • The weakness that may appear in this kind of set up is the lack of there access in the internet world. The world is working and moving in a fast pace. Many thing changes happen in one blink of an eye, and making your self updated in the world today through internet is an edge. If you taken this out from the learning system of the students, this can cause of not giving them the rightful access in realizing the reality of the out side world.

What Suggestions can you make?

  • I want to suggest putting up an internet within the campus or it could be only in the library. Learning is not only in books, four corners of the room as well as from the environment, but it is also outside. Internet will help the students to learn. I know that in this kind of learning, there are those websites that are not good for kids. However, in this new age there are those solutions as well; sample of this is making some restriction within the system.

 My Reflections

  1. Which of the materials in the Learning Resource Center caught to your interest most? Why?

o   From the materials that were presented in that said school, probably the projector was something that captured my interest. Though it was not something very extravagant, but as I’ve been in other elementary and high schools, this kind of technology weren’t that always easily accessible in some, but in there, you can really sees the presence of this material. Unlike some other elementary and high school, this kind of material is not always present and easily be applied in class.

  1. Which gadgets/materials are you already confident to use/operate?

o   As for me, since I am used in using computer. I could say I am confident in using this kind of resources since that I’ve been used to it. If I’ll become a teacher in future in times, I would love to use this more often in order to give the student a clear visualization of those topics that I need to emphasize to them.

  1. Which ones do you feel you need to learn more about?

o   The highly thing that I need to learn more about is about restricting the consumption of the internet for the children. Since I would like to encourage internet use for the students in the library, or any other premises of the school, learning how to restricting some website not to be used is needed.

My Portfolio

Paste an article about an example of technology gadget/material that you want to learn more about. How can this gadget/material be useful in instruction/teaching?


Interactive White Board
Interactive White Board


                In searching over the internet about these so called gadgets that can be used in teaching profession, I find this interactive whiteboard as an interesting to get ourselves involved with. According from the sources, this is the modern, touch-controlled edition of old chalkboards that works well together with any computer. The board is basically like a huge touch screen, on which teachers or students can write with digital ink and use their bare hands to control the content of the table. It can even be used as huge projector. Having this kind of gadgets in class will make your teaching more effective, and for the students to become more interested in learning.






Individual Differences and Learner’s Interaction 2

Lets Learn Math
Lets Learn Math

This post is based on my field study that I did conduct last three months for the year 2014. You may seem not to approve some of this idea, but please correct me if I am wrong. Most of the things contain here were based on my own opinion. I am very welcome to some ideas that you may share on this subject matter. Thank you and hope it will be a help for those people in search for the same studies.


Step 1: Observe two or more learner’s of different abilities but with the same grade or year level.

Step 2: Find our something information about their background.

Step 3: Observe them as they participate in a classroom.

Step 4: Write a narrative report and a brief reflection on your experience.

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  1. Observe the class to see the differences in abilities of the learners?
  2. Try to identify the students who seem to be performing well and those that seem to be behind.
  3. Validate your observations by asking the teacher about the background (family, socio-economic, presence of some learning disability) of the students.
  4. Observe the behaviour of both high achieving and low achieving learners. Note their dispositions, pace in accomplishing tasks, interaction with teacher, and interaction with others.
  5. Observe the teacher’s method in addressing the individual learning needs of the students in his/her class.


                From our observations during the past three months at AKIC SLS, I will be choosing the Grade IV Section Molybdenum for this observation, where we conducted our Field Study last January 26, 2014 in the afternoon. The Grade VI pupils were very will behave when we entered the class. Their subject teacher for that day was Ms. Norhanifah Alikhan, who was discussing about their lesson in relations to the different agencies in the Philippines. On that duration of the discussion, most of the students were quite, and cooperating well enough to the teacher. However, there were those students who were writing assignments, others doing something and some were listening. When the teacher was asking them about a certain question, most of them would likely to answer her in chorus. There you will also observe those students who really raising their hands excitedly in answering the some question. As a whole in the class, I could say there were only few students who really were excel from the way I observed from their oral recitation which involves giving the full name of a certain department of the Philippines. I could say more or less three students who really gotten the correct answers when she gave a certain department on those three students. Some were having a hard time recalling a certain letters while they were having this oral recitation. As to validate my observations from the teacher, I couldn’t ask this certain issue for the reasons that the teacher can’t be interrupted while in the class, and lack of time for an interview. But I did observed a certain students, whose name is Bai Khadija Salivia U. Macarambon and Queen Ashaniah M. Pangandaman, who were sitting at back. One of them were far cited and having a hard time coping up from her classmates, yet due to her seat mate, she was being assisted by her through understanding their lessons especially the math problem that was given that afternoon.

                When Mam Rashida R. Rashid take over the class for her math session, there I saw enough how the students do interact in answering the math solutions. Mam Rashida was reviewing the class in preparation for this examination, at the end of her discussion, she then give some solution for the students to answer. There are those students, who were called upon to solve the problem in front of the class, some did well in answering this portion and some don’t. Those students who have a high achiever status were facing this assessment well enough by answering the problem in an easy and fastest manner. Those student students that don’t do well enough, they seem to be left hanging, just stand there and think. In the sense that it was a session where teacher and students interact, most of the students were very attentive and some were cooperating in answering the given question through raising their hands. The teacher were not being one sided, when a certain students didn’t answer the problem, she gives encouragement to that certain students which is very effective in increasing their level of confidence in answering the problems. The teacher was very lively, and feels the motivation coming through her. On that mentioned activities, she always let the students answer the problem in front in order to build a far more confidence in expressing and explaining their self in front.


      Did your observation match the information given by the teacher? Were you able to correctly identify who among the students performed well and who did not? What behaviour helped you identify them? (Volunteering to answer, responding to teacher’s directions, etc.

  • Yes, I’m very thankful that both teachers’ activities gave me the chance to identify those students who were doing well in the class, and those who do not. Through the volunteering the answer, I did saw those students who were very confidently giving out their answers, and those students who seems to be at middle zone, were I could see myself through them. We could not only base from a quiz and a test in evaluating the students, but the given situation is a good sample where one can base upon in a more clear view. We can’t only base our assessment through only this since we are talking about the performance of the students. There are those learner’s who were still shy in expressing their self’s and through the teacher’s directions and how he/she handle the class for evaluation could put up those students who are shy, and express theirselfs in another way around. There are those learner’s who excel and express their self in other way around than those students who can easily express their ideas.

      Describe the differences in ability levels of the students in the class? Is there a wide gap between the students who are performing well and those that are not?

  • Looking at their differences between the learners who were performing well and those who were not was not very far. In those students who were performing well do have confidence in them to express their ideas without thinking what their classmates might think, but those learners who were not performing well were somehow shy in expressing their ideas. I would probably guess, they were lacking a self confidence, and a practice to be more expressive. They need a motivation in order to push their selves in doing something.

      Describe the methods used by the teacher in handling the students’ differences in abilities. How did the students respond to the teacher?

  • The method that the teacher used was deductive method, were her teaching started in the rule or principle, and then examples are given to explain the rule or principle. Since Ma’am Rashida is a math teacher, she is expected to use this cause in math…you have to hand down the principle before the learner could get anything in order to solve a certain problem. Along with this is that she is using the convergent questions which require a single responses and that there is only one correct or best responses. Several of the learners were cooperating to their teacher very well, and responded in the way Ma’am Rashida conducted her class. As for those students, who aren’t doing well was given by the teacher some motivations in order to do better in the next time around.


  1. Recall the time when you were in the elementary, high school or college. Call to mind the high and low achievers in your class. How did your teacher deal with differences in the abilities? Was your teacher effective?
  • Three years in my high school years, I have been in the first section. I don’t know how it was but I am indeed in that section even though I am the most quite among all of my classmates back then. Each of us has a unique personality, but in terms of those classmates who excel in advance was something I could point who where those people. Those low achievers, which I could categorize myself, do our thing in a way we could do our best. For example me, I usually do the best as I can in order not to get a zero point in any subject matter. It became my motivation not to get a zero score, as not to get embarrassed from them. Our teachers really do their best in order to apply to us the best method she/he could give. They don’t give us not too hard and not too easy subject matter. Some of our teachers were effective in a way that I could be happier in applying those thought they instil to us back then, because what I’ve become now was a part and parcel of their teaching from those years.
  1. With the principle of individual differences in mind, what methods and strategies will you remember in the future to ensure that you will be able to meet the needs of both the high and low achievers in your class.
  • The learners are the high priority of the teacher and their interest counts. If I’ll be a teacher someday, I will probably consider making a curriculum or a lesson plan that identifies the students’ interest in order for them to be knowledgeable about the subject matter. This also includes their strengths and needs when constructing a lesson plan. If everybody couldn’t totally get what was being taught to them, thinking of alternatives ways is a best thing in order to get their interest.

In a learning environment, making it modified and through attaching personalized environment in a more welcoming aura, personalized and comfortable for the student is very important in order to increase their motivation as a students. IN addition to this, one student can be much comfortable with her/his environment when she/he is together with her/his family, so in order to build that kind of feeling in them, it would be much better making learning as a family affair, by encouraging the participation of students’ families.

Experiencing the Teaching-Learning Process

On the English side!
On the English side!

This post is based on my field study that I did conduct last three months for the year 2014. You may seem not to approve some of this idea, but please correct me if I am wrong. Most of the things contain here were based on my own opinion. I am very welcome to some ideas that you may share on this subject matter. Thank you and hope it will be a help for those people in search for the same studies.

My Tool

As I observe a class, I will use the Observation Sheet for a more focused observation.

Principles of Learning Teaching Behaviour of the Teacher/Learning Behaviour of the Learner as Proof of the Application of the Principle of Learning.
  1. Learning is an experience which occurs inside the learner and is activated by the learner.
The teacher discussed all the topics in relation to their lesson, and the quiz that was given. Some students were very participative.
  1. Learning is the discovery of the personal meaning and relevance of ideas.
Teacher answered those test questions verbally in front of the students in order to let the student assist their answers. E.g The Students realized the importance of preparing one’s self before exam.
  1. Learning is a consequence of experience.
Assessing children in their learning and mixing different kinds of strategies is an edge. The teacher gave out a quiz based on their lesson last week, and answers them afterwards by calling some students to verify their answers.Some students were disappointed due to low scores they did receive.
  1. Learning is a cooperative and collaborative process.
The teacher was very enthusiast and alive in giving instructions to the student and even giving out an examination.

The students were drawn from the teacher’s energy and followed her instructions accordingly and even giving out their answers wilful during the question and answer portion.

  1. Learning is an evolutionary process.
The teacher’s action becomes evolutionary since she adopts multiple tasks within the one hour session. She even diligently deals with her grade 5 students with the level of their abilities and skills.
  1. Learning is sometimes a painful process.
Learners were given a certain quiz but it becomes painful for them when they didn’t prepare for it even though the instructor told them about the quiz ahead of time.The students who didn’t do well realize the consequence of not studying before the quiz.
  1. One of the richest resources for the learning is the learner himself.
The teacher let the students’ answers through asking them while assessing each other’s papers.

The students were raising their hands while the teacher was giving out the question in class.

  1. The process of learning is emotional as well as intellectual.
The teacher was starting her class through giving out a friendlier expression. The possible reason is in order to set a friendlier atmosphere while giving out a quiz for the kids, and get the tension out of the students’ shoulders.
  1. The process of problem solving and learning are highly unique and individual.
The teacher was discussing the basic angles and geometric figures by details were somehow highly unique especially in a way the teachers present her teaching. In terms of the student, some were giving their best out to answer their teacher’s question.
Principles of Learning Teaching Behaviour of the Teacher/Learning Behaviour of the Learner as Proof of the Application of the Principle of Learning.
  1. Learning is an experience which occurs inside the learner and is activated by the learner.
The Teacher let the student answers the chemical equation based on their learning the previously.
  1. Learning is the discovery of the personal meaning and relevance of ideas.
The teacher discussed previously the topic about chemistry formula, and she let the student answer some formula written in the black board. After this she let her student to explain the answer in front of their classmates.
  1. Learning is a consequence of experience.
One learner didn’t answer the assigned equation very well, letting herself to solve it again. A consequence that when you don’t understand the lesson well, one tends to come up with a wrong answer.
  1. Learning is a cooperative and collaborative process.
The learner’s were not participative, but the teacher groups them to answer the chemical formula, letting them to choose one of them to discuss their answer infront.
  1. Learning is an evolutionary process.
Most of the students do have a lot of question about the written formula, but the teacher tried to explain it further.
  1. Learning is sometimes a painful process.
One student was suddenly asked about a certain formula but came up being quite and left the question unanswered.
  1. One of the richest resources for the learning is the learner himself.
Most of the learners do well in answering the equation, giving them more confidence within their self.
  1. The process of learning is emotional as well as intellectual.
The learners’ correct answer makes them happy and build up some confidence within them
  1. The process of problem solving and learning are highly unique and individual.
Answering a complicated equation gave the learner a hard time to come up to the final answer. However, when they arrived correctly to the right answer, feeling of happiness felt.
Principles of Learning Teaching Behaviour of the Teacher/Learning Behaviour of the Learner as Proof of the Application of the Principle of Learning.
  1. Learning is an experience which occurs inside the learner and is activated by the learner.
The Teacher let the student to answer the mathematical equation, and the learner began to solve the given problem based on their understanding.
  1. Learning is the discovery of the personal meaning and relevance of ideas.
The teacher let her student solve the problem in front of the black board and make them explained the answer they presented.
  1. Learning is a consequence of experience.
Some of the learners were able to answer in front, and upon answering some aren’t well prepared and realized the consequence of being unprepared.
  1. Learning is a cooperative and collaborative process.
The learners were raising their hand, cooperatively wanting to solve the problem on their own.
  1. Learning is an evolutionary process.
The teacher exerts a lot of effort giving more motivation to her student, and does a multi tasking while the lesson was on going.
  1. Learning is sometimes a painful process.
Those learners who didn’t do very well were somehow learned the consequence, and one of this was not to be able to answer the problem in front of her fellow classmates.
  1. One of the richest resources for the learning is the learner himself.
Most of the learners were raising their hand signifying the fact that most of them do well and understand the lesson and some even explained it very well.
  1. The process of learning is emotional as well as intellectual.
As I observed, the teacher were enthusiast, and most willing to give a lesson to them making her student participative and radiate her enthusiast attitude towards her students.
  1. The process of problem solving and learning are highly unique and individual.
The learners’ solve the problem very well and well understood by them. Some learners could even teach to her seat meet that didn’t seem to understand the lesson well.


My Analysis

  1. What is the impact of the Resource Teacher’s observance of these principles on the teaching-learning process and on the learners?
    • To become an efficient educator you need to consider these principles in your way of teaching. It is not easy to be an educator since you cannot just do what you want in teaching children, it’s not. Many things need to be considered. If one teacher wanted to have a strong foundation in her/his own teaching and implant a very great impact to his/her students then this is the answer. One of the teachers that I did indeed observe somehow implements these principles. I could say not all but most of them. This can be signifies how her learners reacts from the way she teach, and the way learner’s enjoy her class. For the learners, skills and abilities are not one day growth; it is a step by step process. The learners don’t really have the idea about these principles, but looking at them, they are indeed very active in cooperating with their teacher. An atmosphere of ease was surrounded in whole class, where teaching can be more fun for the students as well as ease in acquiring the knowledge needed.


  1. Which learning principle was applied most?
  • As I observed, the most applied principle on that day were “learning is a consequence of experience” and “Learning is a cooperative and collaborative process”. As what I had explained from my previews statement, that most of the student were very active in participating, a very cooperative one. The teacher was also enjoying her class. In the quiz, which was given on that day, some of the student didn’t have a higher score which possibly made them realize that they need to study more.
  1. Which learning principle was applied least or not at all applied?
  • The learning principle that was applied least from all the principles was the number seven, “One of the richest resources for the learning is the learner himself”. In this situation, teacher mostly facilitates with the learning for the students and they, the students, are the one who gives some ideas about a certain topic. In relation to the class that I did observed, this thing were least used. Mostly of the class was being done by the teacher herself.
  1. Do you agree with these principles of learning? Or have you discovered that they are not always correct?
  • Yes, I do agree with these principles. A principle in a certain area of subject is a very important factor that can be used in determining a certain facts. In education, the enumerated principles can be used in studying a certain schools if they are doing what exactly supposed to be an act of teaching kids. The status of how the teachers and learners do can easily be determined. For the further advancement of a certain school, this could be a basis of studying the area of learning should be changed or need some improvements in terms of executing the subject to be tackled in every class.
  1. Lessons I have learned from my observations on the classroom application of the principles of learning.
  • The thing that I’ve learned from my observation is the fact that a teacher should be aware in using these principles in order to be an effective educator.

My Reflections

My reflections on my observations of my Resource Teacher’s observance of these principles. Did my Resource Teachers adhere to these principles?

                In the short period of time observing the teachers at AKIC- SLS, I could say that they are adhering these principles well. As seen from their students, they are really well participating and seem to enjoying their class very well. One teacher was very effective in implementing these principles as a whole since you can distinguish how she conducts her class. She can create a well balanced classroom, an environment full of energy, and made the students get motivated in participating inside the class. As an observer and as a person, you can sense in a certain situation about things that seems wrong. From that observation, and sitting in that particular class made me feel of going back from being a student. A feeling of that kind of atmosphere, were you can feel the enjoyment of learning, and being drawn by the teacher’s energy and enthusiasm; that feeling of getting those lessons inside your head without coercing your mind to learn it, that feeling of learning from the mistakes that indeed committed on that day, and thinking of doing good the next time around. This feeling that felt on that day is an experience that these typical principles were being implemented.

                The learning’s goal is to give the children what they need, and make them realize things that they could not gain outside the class with guidance of a teacher. The teachers need to present these principles if he/she wanted to make her/his students feel the essence of true learning. Not adhering with these principles will give one’s learner an incomplete learning experience on their part. The development of their thinking skills and the importance of the topic being learned will not be achieved. From the way it looks, this is the importance of these said principles. The teacher that I did observed even gave assessment on her students’ skills which it can be a help in knowing the feedback of her teaching from her students, either it’s effective or not. The learners’ interest should be in the top priority, so as an educator, we need to adopt on everything that is needed in order to fully utilize all the tools that is needed to let them experience the best of learning.

My Portfolio

Principles of Learning in My Own Words.

  1. Learning is teaching kids with the things they aren’t well aware off and making the students interpret of the things they did understand from the lessons.
  2. Learning is knowing something that is beyond ones understanding, and the relationship of this idea to the real life of the students.
  3. Learning is something about learning ones mistake, and the making a correct decision and analysis over something.
  4. Learning is sharing of ideas through teachers, and with highly participation of the students.
  5. Learning should be multi tasking due to changes pace of time.
  6. Learning is not a punishment or discipline that the students should practiced, but the realization of getting your dream with a sacrifice for a successful life.
  7. A student should participate of sharing their ideas/opinion in a class.
  8. Teachers and Learners’ abilities can be measured up through their psychological, sociological, emotional, and intellectual aspects.
  9. Learning should involve high thinking skills in order for each student to be developed in advance regardless of their differences, and considered a certain materials based on their multiple intelligence.


Individual Differences and Learner’s Interaction

This post is based on my field study that I did conduct last three months for the year 2014. You may seem not to approve some of this idea, but please correct me if I am wrong. Most of the things contain here were based on my own opinion. I am very welcome to some ideas that you may share on this subject matter. Thank you and hope it will be a help for those people in search for the same studies.



Step 1: Observe a class in different parts of a school day.

 Step 2: Describe the characteristics of the learners in terms of age, gender and social and cultural diversity.

  Step 3: Describe the interaction that transpires inside and outside the classroom.

Step 4: Interview your resource teacher about the principles and practices that she uses in dealing with diversity in the classroom.

Step 5: Analyze the impact of individual differences on learners’ interaction.


      Find out the number of students. Gather data as to their ages, gender, and racial groups, religious and ethnic backgrounds.

During class:

  1. How much interaction is there in the classroom? Describe how the students interact with one another and with the teacher. Are there groups that interact more with the teacher than others?
  2. Observe the learners seated at the back and the front part of the room. Do they behave and interact differently?
  3. Describe the relationship among the learners. Do the learners cooperate with or compete against each other?
  4. Which students participate actively? Which students ask for most help?
  5. When a student is called and cannot answer the teacher’s question, do the classmates try to help him? Or do they raise their hands so that the teacher will call them instead?

Outside class:

  1. How do the students group themselves outside the class? Homogeneously, by age? By gender? By racial or ethnic groups? Or are the students in mixed social groupings? If so, describe the groupings.
  2. Describe how the learners interact with each other? What do they talk about?


Students on BIO-Chem
Students on BIO-Chem


                In this episode, I’ll be picking the section Pearl of the third year as my subject of interest. When we got there, it was their subject teacher in Bio-Chemistry who was there conducting a discussion on a certain formula about chemistry related topic. Everyone inside the class room were concentrating about this subject matter. Maybe this is because, the teacher made a groups out of this class and they were given the task to solve a certain chemistry formula. Upon solving the problem, students were required to discuss the given problems by a representative from their group. On this idea, nobody goes against this will of the teacher, and they were given 5 minutes to solve, and to think about the answer. This made the students all in focused in discussing and solving the certain problems applying how they understand the topic mentioned to them. Their interaction seems not to be like that of what I expect. I was expecting they were going to formulate a circle by group and discuss among them about the answer. Their interaction in solving the problem was lesser, since most of them were quite solving the answer each of their own. I am assuming in this kind of situation that the group already designated one of their group mates to answer, and explain the assigned task. When the time ups, each group prepared their selves and adrenaline rush comes. As they answer the question in front of them, they seem to be quite shy, but got the guts to discuss it within the class. As the teacher were backing up their answer and asking them a few question on this regard, the reporter seems to give a less answer in one question without expanding their answer as to be more detailed. While one of them was explaining, some students were very talkative, other talk about the lesson and the students at the back were discussing other matters, which their teacher noticed after a minute. Their teacher interaction were very formal inside the class, some students were freely expressing their feelings and easily conveyed their ideas and thoughts to their teacher confidently.

                In terms of the students’ arrangement, they were composed of 9 columns; each three column as divided were composed of three rows of students. In this case, two girls talk from each other and the male student beside them were in silent mode. This might be because of his two girls seated near him. Observing as well the last student at the back, they were very talkative during the chemistry class. They were talking about the latest trend of the Korean Novela, and any kinds of topic in relation to K-POP. Meanwhile those students who were seated in the front were very quite concentrating on the subject on hand.

                Despite of them, being in one section, they have the tendency to feel the tension of competing from each other. Since section pearl were in the first section, every student were complied to do everything at their best. The feelings of tension within them were very obvious. In terms of their cooperation, they have less cooperation from each other on that certain topic that shows how they work as one team. In terms of answering a certain formula, not most of them were trying to help their school mate. Maybe this happens, because they are not confident enough to speak and talk about their answer in front of their classmates, which coerce the teacher to call for a student to answer that unanswered formula.

                Outside of their class, the students interact only with their age group. There were only few who do the interaction with their junior or senior classmates since most of the time; they were having an interaction mostly within their aged group or the student within their section. When they do their interaction during their break time, they usually talked about the same interest. These could be the latest trend on television, the latest KPOP star, their crushes, telling some secrets and many others.


  • Identify the person who plays key roles in the relationship and interactions in the classrooms? What roles do they play? Is there somebody who appears to be the leader, a mascot/joker, an attention seeker, a little teacher, a doubter/pessimist?
  • I didn’t get most of the students’ name inside the Pearl Section, but as far as I remember, these mentioned roles were present within the circle of the class. Those students who were included in those programs that AKIC are involved were the student who seems to have this kind of Leader Charisma. Having a confidence, very expressively toward their teacher, open minded, knows how to deal with the thing they are in and very flexible. A little teacher, section pearl do have one. I did encounter one male student, while I was interviewing them, one of the male student came to me and discussed to me some information that I am needing in my field study that give me an idea how confident he was. A mascot do exist in them as well, there was that one student when we set at the back of the class, and as I observe, she keeps on talking, and cracking up some jokes within their classmates not even caring if they have a teacher on standby.
  • Are students coming from minority group accepted or rejected by others? How is this shown?
  • So far, this kind of situation doesn’t exist within the students. As I perceive it, they treated each classmate equally, because most of them were meranao, who lives in one place
  • How does the teacher influence the class interaction considering the individual differences of the students?
  • As per observation, the teacher treats all the students in an equal range. However, it could not be avoided that one of the students were really slow in understanding a certain topic, which give the teacher a certain point that he/she could understand it the second time around through making a classmate help him/her in answering the question and later on back the answer up. When a teacher wanted to keep her students to be alive, one of them has a technique and this is to point them out the very common in them, and this is in relation to crushes which teenage life were usually curious. A “kilig” factor is something that a teacher could find as a subject of wakening some students who seems to be sleeping inside the class.
  • What factors influence the grouping of learners outside the classroom?
  • The influence that could possibly made the grouping of learners outside the classroom is the so called commonalities of interest or perhaps some group are within the range level of the other classmate that they synch very well to one another. Based on my experience during my high school days, I usually go with the people who have the same range of thinking. Not totally the same but somehow, we could find our feelings at ease with one another. Also, once I saw that person I could entrust myself with, I would surely make friends with them. In relation to this, I assume that this is also same goes with those students in AKIC-SLS since most of the adult undergone with this type of feeling during our development stage to maturity.











Classroom Management and Learning

Students on play time!
Students on play time!

This post is based on my field study that I did conduct last three months for the year 2014. You may seem not to  approve some of this idea, but please correct me if I am wrong. Most of the things contain here were based on my own opinion. I am very welcome to some ideas that you may share on this subject matter. Thank you and hope it will be a help for those people in search for the same studies.


Step 1: Observe a class.

Step 2: Using a checklist, find out the evident classroom components.

Step3: Describe how the classroom is structured/designed to follow everyone to participate in the learning activities.

Step 4: Relate the data in your checklist to the learner’s behaviour.

Step 5: Reflect on how classroom management affects learning


  1. Are there areas in the classroom for specific purposes?
  2. Are there rules and procedures followed?
  3. What are the daily routines done by the teacher? (Prayer, attendance, monitoring of assignment, warm up activities, etc.) how are they done?
  4. Is there a seating arrangement? What is the basis of this arrangement?
  5. Observe the noise level in the classroom. How is this managed?
  6. If a learner is not following instructions or is off-task, what does the teacher do? (behaviour strategies)
  7. What does the teacher do to reinforce positive behaviours? (behaviour strategies)



SPECIFIC AREAS IN THE CLASSROOM In there were a set of arm chairs a table, and a bulletin board and other charts that where located on the wall. It is mainly for learning environment. The classroom was fitting to a learning situation but the effect was for only inside learning. They only have limited area inside that could widen their interest.
CLASSROOM RULES Class room rules were very specific located at the left side of the classroom. This will keep the learners be reminded of possible importance aspect in life.
CLASSROOM PROCEDURES There were no procedures written anywhere the classroom. Since no procedures were written, students were left hanging and left with no instruction inside the classroom to follow.
DAILY ROUTINE Prayers were being done inside the classroom before they begin their classes. A good motivation for the learners is to pray and engrave in them the importance of spiritual aspect.
SEATING ARRANGEMENT Teacher arranges them accordingly. There were three rows, every row consisting of three arm chairs; left and the right side were for girls and middle was boy. This instil and force the kids to keep their silence, because girls were separated as to stop them from being talkative and boys were put in the middle as to behave them self during classes.
HANDLING MISBEHAVIOR/OFF TASK BEHAVIOR Teacher calls out directly those students who are noisy. These will help the other students to be focused and realize the consequence of being noisy during the lessons.
REINFORCEMENT OF POSITIVE BEHAVIOR The teacher give positive feedback by saying “That’s good Ms. ____, but whose gonna help her/him”…by this, teacher appreciate a student for doing an effort. This will build a self confidence on the students’ part and making them learn to be appreciative even in a little thing.


      How did the classroom organization and routines affect the learners’ behaviour?

      In our class Educ 15s, our mentor suddenly spoke these words in front of us that “a lesson needs to be repeatedly lectured for them to be reminded and as to master it.” I believe that this is the reason of daily routines to be integrated inside the life of the students. Our memories as human being were very short, we are very prone of this aspect and in order for us to apply things, we need to make our body and mind master it. In terms of this so called classroom organization, this was being set up for the students to learn how to organize a small group as for them to be ready in the bigger application that they could apply it in organizing a certain group when time comes.

      What should the teacher have in mind when she/he designs the classroom organization and routines? What theories and principles should you have in mind?

      A teacher should think the befitting classroom organizations and routines that could also be fitting with the likings of her/his students in general. S/he needs to include students mostly in deciding this issue for them to learn how they could organize themselves and the routines, but of course with assistance from a teacher. In order to coincide this with the students I did observe, I once asked a student how did they designed their classroom, and she in did mentioned that they did the most of the activities and the design in the classroom and with the consent from the teacher.

      Which behaviour strategies were effective in managing the behaviour of the learners? In motivating students? Why were they effective?

      Attitude of a teacher means a lot in managing the behaviour of her/his students. As I observe from one of the teacher in AKIC-SLS last February 3, 2014. She has this typical expression which seems to be strict, and talk to her students with confidence, but this act doesn’t seems to be effective for the learners since they keep on talking, despite of the emotion she did show to them. The possible reason that I could come up with this is that, this teacher taught her students without concerning the so called passion within her and don’t have a happy disposition. She seems to be not caring so much with her students. Nevertheless, those teachers whom you could sense their passion and having a happy disposition from the way they taught their children seem to be a far more effective. Students listen very well and motivated with an ease atmosphere around that certain teacher. We human somehow sense the other mood that we can easily vibrate in them.


  1. Imagine yourself organizing your classroom. In what grade / year level do you have yourself? What routines and procedures would you consider for this level? Why?

      Imagining me in a classroom set up, I would highly recommend myself to teach a first year high school. Why? For the reason that I would like to handle those kids who will be in their first year of high school. Their fresh mind and their higher level of curiosity is something I want to fill in. First year level is something important in a high school part because this is the first thing for a student to occur and their motivation to know new something is in their first year. In relation to their routines, I would like to implement a prayer before our classes begin. Next here, I would like to start my discussion and alive greetings for the students, and expected to have a feed back in them as well. Thirdly, I would probably ask a certain student to recap on our lesson the previews meeting, and then proceed to my lessons. I would end my lesson through my students giving of a quote that will help them motivate their self and the other, and end with a prayer.

  1. Make a list of the rules you are likely to implement in this level. Why would you choose these rules?

The following rules were something I would like to implement.

      I would like to implement that they should wear their proper uniform and ID when they are in the school premises.

      Observe silence when the class is ongoing, because they will be given an ample of time when their return comes like reporting, oral recitation, or making them answer.

      Excuses should be made when they are going outside the classroom.

      They should apply and be courteous among their classmates.

      Before and after the class, they need to arrange their things and table.

      Greet their teachers and those visitors politely when they are at present.

      I would like to have a higher participation coming from the students.

      Cell phone must be in silent mode. Being caught using their cell phone during class will be punished.

  1. Should learners be involved in making the class rules? Why?

      In this today’s generation, kids are not just mere students in a classroom but also a decision maker. We are also now in progressive mode of curriculum, and most of the activities were facilitated by the teacher and the students are highly advisable to do most of a certain activities. The making of the class rules should include the students in making those rules in classroom, as to practice their rights in getting their opinion and ideas and that these makings of rules were part of it.